These pages represent the mitochondrial DNA (mtdna) phylogeny as a genealogical tree (based on a gedcom file). The pages were generated using the Gramps genealogy software. Therefore MTDNA haplogroups are represented as 'Individuals'. Haplogroup mothers are represented as 'Surnames'. Haplogroup designations, Genbank references, and phylogeny as per Phylotree Build 17, 2016. Haplogroup coalescence date ('Birth') estimates as per Soares, 2009.

Below is a list of the phylogeny of the haplogroups, including the Mother (Surname) for each haplogroup. To view the individual pages for each haplogroup, go to the alphabetical 'Individuals' page on the tab above and click on the link there.

|   |L0 134500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: Eve)
|      |L0a'b'f'g'k 122000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0)
|       |L0a'b'f'g 94000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'f'g'k)
|        |L0a'b'g 72000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'f'g)
|         |L0a'g 65500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'g)
|          |L0a 45000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'g)
|           |L0a1'4 42000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a)
|            |L0a1 26000 B.C.E. East Africa (Mother: L0a1'4)
|             |L0a1a 15000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1)
|              |L0a1a+A200G 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1a)
|               |L0a1a1 8000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1a+A200G)
|               |L0a1a2 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1a+A200G)
|               |L0a1a3 8000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1a+A200G)
|             |L0a1+A16293G 23000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1)
|              |L0a1b 11000 B.C.E. East Africa (Mother: L0a1+A16293G)
|               |L0a1b1 5500 B.C.E. Morocco (Mother: L0a1b)
|                |L0a1b1a 2500 B.C.E. Egypt (Mother: L0a1b1)
|                 |L0a1b1a1 800 Africa (Mother: L0a1b1a)
|                  |L0a1b1a1a 1500 Africa (Mother: L0a1b1a1)
|               |L0a1b2 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1b)
|                |L0a1b2a 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1b2)
|              |L0a1c 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1+A16293G)
|               |L0a1c1 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1c)
|              |L0a1d 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1+A16293G)
|             |L0a1e 10500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1)
|            |L0a4 7000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a1'4)
|           |L0a2 27500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a)
|            |L0a2a 19000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2)
|             |L0a2a1 14000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2a)
|              |L0a2a1a 5000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2a1)
|               |L0a2a1a1 1400 Africa,Dominican Republic (Mother: L0a2a1a)
|               |L0a2a1a2 1400 Africa (Mother: L0a2a1a)
|              |L0a2a1b 8000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2a1)
|             |L0a2a2 4000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2a)
|              |L0a2a2a 400 Africa (Mother: L0a2a2)
|               |L0a2a2a1 1500 Africa (Mother: L0a2a2a)
|               |L0a2a2a2 1500 Africa (Mother: L0a2a2a)
|            |L0a2b 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2)
|             |L0a2b1 700 Africa (Mother: L0a2b)
|            |L0a2c 1500 Africa (Mother: L0a2)
|            |L0a2d 22500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a2)
|           |L0a3 42000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a)
|          |L0g 1000 Africa (Mother: L0a'g)
|         |L0b 63000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'g)
|        |L0f 67000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'f'g)
|         |L0f1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0f)
|         |L0f2 55000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0f)
|          |L0f2a 44000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0f2)
|           |L0f2a1 3500 B.C.E. Uganda (Mother: L0f2a)
|          |L0f2b 1500 Africa (Mother: L0f2)
|       |L0k 35000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'f'g'k)
|        |L0k1 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0k)
|         |L0k1a 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0k1)
|          |L0k1a1 1000 Africa (Mother: L0k1a)
|           |L0k1a1a 1500 Africa (Mother: L0k1a1)
|           |L0k1a1b 1500 Africa (Mother: L0k1a1)
|           |L0k1a1c 1500 African San (Mother: L0k1a1)
|           |L0k1a1d 1500 Africa (Mother: L0k1a1)
|          |L0k1a2 1000 Africa (Mother: L0k1a)
|           |L0k1a2a 1500 Africa (Mother: L0k1a2)
|          |L0k1a3 1000 Africa (Mother: L0k1a)
|         |L0k1b 1500 Africa (Mother: L0k1)
|        |L0k2 16000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0k)
|         |L0k2a  Africa (Mother: L0k2)
|          |L0k2a1  Africa (Mother: L0k2a)
|           |L0k2a1a  Africa (Mother: L0k2a1)
|         |L0k2b  Africa (Mother: L0k2)
|      |L0d 46500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0a'b'f'g'k)
|       |L0d1'2 34000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d)
|        |L0d1 44500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1'2)
|         |L0d1a'c'd 41500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1)
|          |L0d1a'd  Africa (Mother: L0d1a'c'd)
|           |L0d1a 14000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1a'd)
|            |L0d1a1 4000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1a)
|             |L0d1a1a 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1a1)
|              |L0d1a1a1  Africa (Mother: L0d1a1a)
|              |L0d1a1a2  Africa (Mother: L0d1a1a)
|              |L0d1a1a3  Africa (Mother: L0d1a1a)
|             |L0d1a1b 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1a1)
|              |L0d1a1b1  Africa (Mother: L0d1a1b)
|               |L0d1a1b1a  Africa (Mother: L0d1a1b1)
|               |L0d1a1b1b  Africa (Mother: L0d1a1b1)
|             |L0d1a1c 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1a1)
|             |L0d1a1d 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1a1)
|           |L0d1d  Africa (Mother: L0d1a'd)
|          |L0d1c 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1a'c'd)
|           |L0d1c1 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1c)
|            |L0d1c1a 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1c1)
|             |L0d1c1a1 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1c1a)
|              |L0d1c1a1a  Africa (Mother: L0d1c1a1)
|               |L0d1c1a1a1  Africa (Mother: L0d1c1a1a)
|               |L0d1c1a1a2  Africa (Mother: L0d1c1a1a)
|              |L0d1c1a1b  Africa (Mother: L0d1c1a1)
|             |L0d1c1a2 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1c1a)
|           |L0d1c2 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1c)
|            |L0d1c2a  Africa (Mother: L0d1c2)
|             |L0d1c2a1  Africa (Mother: L0d1c2a)
|           |L0d1c3 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1c)
|         |L0d1b 24000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1)
|          |L0d1b1 12500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1b)
|           |L0d1b1a 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d1b1)
|            |L0d1b1a1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b1a)
|           |L0d1b1b 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1b1)
|            |L0d1b1b1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b1b)
|           |L0d1b1+C152T 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1b1)
|            |L0d1b1c  Africa (Mother: L0d1b1+C152T)
|          |L0d1b2 11500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1b)
|           |L0d1b2a  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2)
|            |L0d1b2a1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2a)
|            |L0d1b2a2  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2a)
|           |L0d1b2b  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2)
|            |L0d1b2b1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b)
|             |L0d1b2b1a  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b1)
|             |L0d1b2b1b  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b1)
|              |L0d1b2b1b1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b1b)
|            |L0d1b2b2  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b)
|             |L0d1b2b2a  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b2)
|             |L0d1b2b2b  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b2)
|              |L0d1b2b2b1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b2b)
|             |L0d1b2b2c  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b2)
|              |L0d1b2b2c1  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b2c)
|              |L0d1b2b2c2  Africa (Mother: L0d1b2b2c)
|        |L0d2 45000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d1'2)
|         |L0d2a'b'd 42000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d2)
|          |L0d2a 5000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d2a'b'd)
|           |L0d2a1 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d2a)
|            |L0d2a1a 500 Africa (Mother: L0d2a1)
|             |L0d2a1a1  Africa (Mother: L0d2a1a)
|              |L0d2a1a1a  Africa (Mother: L0d2a1a1)
|             |L0d2a1a2  Africa (Mother: L0d2a1a)
|             |L0d2a1a3  Africa (Mother: L0d2a1a)
|            |L0d2a1b 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d2a1)
|            |L0d2a1c 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d2a1)
|           |L0d2a2 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d2a)
|          |L0d2b  Africa (Mother: L0d2a'b'd)
|           |L0d2b1  Africa (Mother: L0d2b)
|            |L0d2b1a  Africa (Mother: L0d2b1)
|             |L0d2b1a1  Africa (Mother: L0d2b1a)
|              |L0d2b1a1a  Africa (Mother: L0d2b1a1)
|            |L0d2b1b  Africa (Mother: L0d2b1)
|           |L0d2b2  Africa (Mother: L0d2b)
|          |L0d2d  Africa (Mother: L0d2a'b'd)
|         |L0d2c 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d2)
|          |L0d2c1 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d2c)
|           |L0d2c1a  Africa (Mother: L0d2c1)
|            |L0d2c1a1  Africa (Mother: L0d2c1a)
|           |L0d2c1b  Africa (Mother: L0d2c1)
|          |L0d2c2 1500 Africa (Mother: L0d2c)
|           |L0d2c2a  Africa (Mother: L0d2c2)
|            |L0d2c2a1  Africa (Mother: L0d2c2a)
|             |L0d2c2a1a  Africa (Mother: L0d2c2a1)
|           |L0d2c2b  Africa (Mother: L0d2c2)
|       |L0d3 25000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0d)
|        |L0d3a 12500 B.C.E. Tanzania (Mother: L0d3)
|        |L0d3b 100 Africa (Mother: L0d3)
|         |L0d3b1  Africa (Mother: L0d3b)
|         |L0d3b2  Africa (Mother: L0d3b)
|     |L1'2'3'4'5'6 109500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L0)
|      |L1 127000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1'2'3'4'5'6)
|       |L1b 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1)
|        |L1b1 7500 B.C.E. Africa,Burkina Faso (Mother: L1b)
|         |L1b1a 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1)
|          |L1b1a1'4  Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|           |L1b1a1  Africa (Mother: L1b1a1'4)
|           |L1b1a4  Africa (Mother: L1b1a1'4)
|            |L1b1a4a  Africa,San (Mother: L1b1a4)
|          |L1b1a2 5500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|           |L1b1a2a 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a2)
|          |L1b1a+A189G  Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|           |L1b1a3 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a+A189G)
|            |L1b1a3a 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a3)
|             |L1b1a3a1 1000 Africa (Mother: L1b1a3a)
|            |L1b1a3b 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a3)
|           |L1b1a9  Africa (Mother: L1b1a+A189G)
|           |L1b1a15  Africa (Mother: L1b1a+A189G)
|            |L1b1a15a  Africa (Mother: L1b1a15)
|           |L1b1a17  Africa (Mother: L1b1a+A189G)
|           |L1b1a18  Africa (Mother: L1b1a+A189G)
|          |L1b1a5  Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|          |L1b1a6 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|          |L1b1a7 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|           |L1b1a7a 1500 Africa,Hispanic (Mother: L1b1a7)
|          |L1b1a8 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|          |L1b1a10  Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|           |L1b1a10a  Africa (Mother: L1b1a10)
|           |L1b1a10b  Africa (Mother: L1b1a10)
|          |L1b1a12  Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|           |L1b1a12a  Tunisia (Mother: L1b1a12)
|           |L1b1a12b  Russia (Mother: L1b1a12)
|          |L1b1a13  Tunisia (Mother: L1b1a)
|          |L1b1a14 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|          |L1b1a16  Africa (Mother: L1b1a)
|        |L1b2'3 800 Africa (Mother: L1b)
|         |L1b2  Africa (Mother: L1b2'3)
|          |L1b2a  Africa (Mother: L1b2)
|         |L1b3  West Africa (Mother: L1b2'3)
|       |L1c 76000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1)
|        |L1c1'2'4'5'6 73000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c)
|         |L1c1'2'4'6  Africa (Mother: L1c1'2'4'5'6)
|          |L1c1 58500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1'2'4'6)
|           |L1c1a'b'd 55000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1)
|            |L1c1a 45000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a'b'd)
|             |L1c1a+T198C! 41500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a)
|              |L1c1a1 35000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a+T198C!)
|               |L1c1a1a 23000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a1)
|                |L1c1a1a1 8500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a1a)
|                 |L1c1a1a1a 1000 Africa (Mother: L1c1a1a1)
|                 |L1c1a1a1b 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a1a1)
|                  |L1c1a1a1b1 900 Africa (Mother: L1c1a1a1b)
|                |L1c1a1a2 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a1a)
|               |L1c1a1b 1500 Africa (Mother: L1c1a1)
|              |L1c1a2 10500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a+T198C!)
|               |L1c1a2a 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a2)
|                |L1c1a2a1 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a2a)
|                |L1c1a2a2 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1a2a)
|               |L1c1a2b 800 Africa (Mother: L1c1a2)
|               |L1c1a2c 500 Africa (Mother: L1c1a2)
|            |L1c1b'd  Africa (Mother: L1c1a'b'd)
|             |L1c1b 11500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1b'd)
|              |L1c1b1 1500 Africa (Mother: L1c1b)
|             |L1c1d 28000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1b'd)
|              |L1c1d1 22000 B.C.E. African Ibo (Mother: L1c1d)
|           |L1c1c 34000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c1)
|          |L1c2'4  Africa (Mother: L1c1'2'4'6)
|           |L1c2 36000 B.C.E. West Africa (Mother: L1c2'4)
|            |L1c2a 28000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2)
|             |L1c2a1 25000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2a)
|              |L1c2a1a 3000 B.C.E. African Kikuyu (Mother: L1c2a1)
|              |L1c2a1b 18500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2a1)
|             |L1c2a2 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2a)
|             |L1c2a3 15500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2a)
|              |L1c2a3a  Africa (Mother: L1c2a3)
|            |L1c2b 34000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2)
|             |L1c2b1 29500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b)
|              |L1c2b1a'b 26500 B.C.E. Dominican Republic (Mother: L1c2b1)
|               |L1c2b1a 27500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b1a'b)
|                |L1c2b1a1 18500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b1a)
|               |L1c2b1b 16000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b1a'b)
|                |L1c2b1b1 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b1b)
|              |L1c2b1c 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b1)
|             |L1c2b2 23500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2b)
|           |L1c4 30500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c2'4)
|            |L1c4a 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c4)
|            |L1c4b 17000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c4)
|          |L1c6  Africa (Mother: L1c1'2'4'6)
|         |L1c5  Africa (Mother: L1c1'2'4'5'6)
|        |L1c3 48500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c)
|         |L1c3a 20500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3)
|          |L1c3a1 19000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3a)
|           |L1c3a1a 15000 B.C.E. el-Hayez, Egypt (Mother: L1c3a1)
|           |L1c3a1b 15500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3a1)
|         |L1c3b'c 42000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3)
|          |L1c3b 10500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3b'c)
|           |L1c3b1 1500 Africa (Mother: L1c3b)
|            |L1c3b1a 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3b1)
|            |L1c3b1b 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L1c3b1)
|           |L1c3b2 1500 Africa (Mother: L1c3b)
|          |L1c3c  Africa (Mother: L1c3b'c)
|      |L2'3'4'5'6  Africa (Mother: L1'2'3'4'5'6)
|       |L5 109000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2'3'4'5'6)
|        |L5a 23500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L5)
|         |L5a1 13000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L5a)
|          |L5a1a 3500 B.C.E. Ethiopia,Dominica (Mother: L5a1)
|          |L5a1b 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L5a1)
|          |L5a1c 7000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L5a1)
|         |L5a2 17000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L5a)
|        |L5b 96500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L5)
|         |L5b1  Africa (Mother: L5b)
|          |L5b1a  Ethiopia,Dominica (Mother: L5b1)
|          |L5b1b  Africa (Mother: L5b1)
|         |L5b2  Africa (Mother: L5b)
|       |L2'3'4'6  Africa (Mother: L2'3'4'5'6)
|        |L2 86500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2'3'4'6)
|         |L2a'b'c'd 80500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2)
|          |L2a 77500 B.C.E. West Africa (Mother: L2a'b'c'd)
|           |L2a1'2'3'4 55500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a)
|            |L2a1 22000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1'2'3'4)
|             |L2a1a 8500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1)
|              |L2a1a1 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a)
|              |L2a1a2 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a)
|               |L2a1a2a 5000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a2)
|                |L2a1a2a1 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a2a)
|                 |L2a1a2a1a 1000 Africa (Mother: L2a1a2a1)
|               |L2a1a2b 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a2)
|               |L2a1a2c 1500 Africa (Mother: L2a1a2)
|              |L2a1a3 5000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a)
|               |L2a1a3a 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a3)
|               |L2a1a3b 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1a3)
|               |L2a1a3c 1300 Africa (Mother: L2a1a3)
|             |L2a1+T16189C! 19000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1)
|              |L2a1b 4000 B.C.E. West Africa (Mother: L2a1+T16189C!)
|               |L2a1b1 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1b)
|                |L2a1b1a  Africa (Mother: L2a1b1)
|               |L2a1b2 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1b)
|               |L2a1b+G143A 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1b)
|                |L2a1b3  Africa (Mother: L2a1b+G143A)
|              |L2a1f 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+T16189C!)
|               |L2a1f1 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1f)
|                |L2a1f1a 1100 Africa (Mother: L2a1f1)
|               |L2a1f2 500 B.C.E. Africa,Dominican Republic (Mother: L2a1f)
|               |L2a1f3 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1f)
|              |L2a1g  Africa (Mother: L2a1+T16189C!)
|             |L2a1+G143A 19000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1)
|              |L2a1c 12500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A)
|               |L2a1c+T16086C 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c)
|                |L2a1c1 5500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: L2a1c+T16086C)
|                 |L2a1c1a 4000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c1)
|                  |L2a1c1a1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c1a)
|                  |L2a1c1a2 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c1a)
|                |L2a1c6  Africa (Mother: L2a1c+T16086C)
|               |L2a1c2 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c)
|                |L2a1c2a  Africa (Mother: L2a1c2)
|               |L2a1c3 10000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c)
|                |L2a1c3a 6500 B.C.E. Slovakia (Mother: L2a1c3)
|                 |L2a1c3a1  Africa (Mother: L2a1c3a)
|                |L2a1c3b 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c3)
|                 |L2a1c3b1  Africa (Mother: L2a1c3b)
|                 |L2a1c3b2  Africa (Mother: L2a1c3b)
|               |L2a1c4 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c)
|                |L2a1c4a 200 Tunisia,Africa (Mother: L2a1c4)
|                 |L2a1c4a1  Africa (Mother: L2a1c4a)
|               |L2a1c+G16129A! 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c)
|                |L2a1c5 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1c+G16129A!)
|              |L2a1+G143A +G16309A!  Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A)
|               |L2a1d 5500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +G16309A!)
|                |L2a1d1 1500 Africa (Mother: L2a1d)
|                |L2a1d2 2500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1d)
|               |L2a1h 10500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +G16309A!)
|              |L2a1e 10000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A)
|               |L2a1e1 5500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1e)
|              |L2a1+G143A +T16189C!  Tunisia (Mother: L2a1+G143A)
|               |L2a1+G143A +T16189C! +G16309A!  Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|                |L2a1i 7500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C! +G16309A!)
|                 |L2a1i1 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1i)
|                |L2a1q  Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C! +G16309A!)
|               |L2a1j 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|               |L2a1k 7500 B.C.E. Slovakia (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|               |L2a1l 8000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|                |L2a1l1 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1l)
|                 |L2a1l1a 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1l1)
|                  |L2a1l1a1  Africa (Mother: L2a1l1a)
|                  |L2a1l1a2  Africa (Mother: L2a1l1a)
|                 |L2a1l1b 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1l1)
|                |L2a1l2 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1l)
|                 |L2a1l2a 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1l2)
|                  |L2a1l2a1 1100 Africa (Mother: L2a1l2a)
|                |L2a1l3 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1l)
|               |L2a1m 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|                |L2a1m1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a1m)
|                 |L2a1m1a  Africa (Mother: L2a1m1)
|               |L2a1n  Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|               |L2a1o  Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|               |L2a1p  Africa (Mother: L2a1+G143A +T16189C!)
|            |L2a2'3'4  Africa (Mother: L2a1'2'3'4)
|             |L2a2'3  Africa (Mother: L2a2'3'4)
|              |L2a2 19000 B.C.E. West Africa (Mother: L2a2'3)
|               |L2a2a 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a2)
|                |L2a2a1 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a2a)
|               |L2a2b 14000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a2)
|                |L2a2b1 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a2b)
|                 |L2a2b1a 1500 Africa (Mother: L2a2b1)
|                |L2a2b2 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a2b)
|              |L2a3  Africa (Mother: L2a2'3)
|             |L2a4 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2a2'3'4)
|              |L2a4a 1500 Africa (Mother: L2a4)
|              |L2a4b 1500 Africa (Mother: L2a4)
|           |L2a5 700 Africa (Mother: L2a)
|          |L2b'c'd  Africa (Mother: L2a'b'c'd)
|           |L2b'c  Africa (Mother: L2b'c'd)
|            |L2b 19500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b'c)
|             |L2b1 11500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b)
|              |L2b1a 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b1)
|               |L2b1a2 7000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b1a)
|               |L2b1a3 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b1a)
|               |L2b1a4 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b1a)
|              |L2b1b 1000 B.C.E. Senegal (Mother: L2b1)
|             |L2b2 10000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b)
|              |L2b2a  Africa (Mother: L2b2)
|             |L2b3 19500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b)
|              |L2b3a 8000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b3)
|              |L2b3b 16500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b3)
|              |L2b3c 16500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b3)
|            |L2c 16000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2b'c)
|             |L2c1 13000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2c)
|              |L2c1a  Africa (Mother: L2c1)
|             |L2c2 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2c)
|              |L2c2a 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2c2)
|               |L2c2a1 1500 Africa (Mother: L2c2a)
|              |L2c2b 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2c2)
|               |L2c2b1 500 Africa (Mother: L2c2b)
|                |L2c2b1a  Africa (Mother: L2c2b1)
|                |L2c2b1b  Africa (Mother: L2c2b1)
|               |L2c2b2 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2c2b)
|             |L2c3 14000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2c)
|              |L2c3a 7500 B.C.E. African Mandenka (Mother: L2c3)
|             |L2c4 13000 B.C.E. Africa,Burkina Faso (Mother: L2c)
|             |L2c5 13000 B.C.E. Africa,S. African (Mother: L2c)
|           |L2d 15000 B.C.E. West Africa (Mother: L2b'c'd)
|            |L2d+G16129A! 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2d)
|             |L2d1 13500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2d+G16129A!)
|              |L2d1a 4000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L2d1)
|         |L2e 8500 B.C.E. West Africa,Dominican Republic (Mother: L2)
|          |L2e1  Africa (Mother: L2e)
|           |L2e1a  Tunisia (Mother: L2e1)
|        |L3'4'6  Africa (Mother: L2'3'4'6)
|         |L6 20500 B.C.E. East Africa (Mother: L3'4'6)
|          |L6a 16500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L6)
|          |L6b 15500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L6)
|         |L3'4  Africa (Mother: L3'4'6)
|          |L4 77000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3'4)
|           |L4a 38000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4)
|            |L4a1 21000 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: L4a)
|             |L4a1a 15000 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L4a1)
|            |L4a2 28000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4a)
|           |L4b 75500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4)
|            |L4b1 59500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b)
|             |L4b1a  Africa (Mother: L4b1)
|            |L4b2 45000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b)
|             |L4b2a 42000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b2)
|              |L4b2a1 13500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L4b2a)
|              |L4b2a2 26500 B.C.E. Tanzania (Mother: L4b2a)
|               |L4b2a2a 19500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b2a2)
|               |L4b2a2b 13500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b2a2)
|               |L4b2a2c 17000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b2a2)
|             |L4b2b 32500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L4b2)
|              |L4b2b1  Africa (Mother: L4b2b)
|          |L3 65500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3'4)
|           |L3a 48000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3)
|            |L3a1 29000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3a)
|             |L3a1a  Tanzania (Mother: L3a1)
|             |L3a1b  Ethiopia (Mother: L3a1)
|            |L3a+G709A 45000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3a)
|             |L3a2  Africa (Mother: L3a+G709A)
|              |L3a2a  Africa (Mother: L3a2)
|           |L3b'f 62500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3)
|            |L3b 20000 B.C.E. West Africa (Mother: L3b'f)
|             |L3b1 15500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b)
|              |L3b1a 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1)
|               |L3b1a1 7000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a)
|                |L3b1a1a 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a1)
|               |L3b1a2 10500 B.C.E. el-Hayez, Egypt (Mother: L3b1a)
|               |L3b1a3 5500 B.C.E. West Africa, Tunisia (Mother: L3b1a)
|               |L3b1a4 6500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: L3b1a)
|               |L3b1a5 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a)
|                |L3b1a5a  Africa (Mother: L3b1a5)
|               |L3b1a+T152C! 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a)
|                |L3b1a6  Africa (Mother: L3b1a+T152C!)
|               |L3b1a+C16124T! 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a)
|                |L3b1a7  Africa (Mother: L3b1a+C16124T!)
|                 |L3b1a7a  Dominican Republic (Mother: L3b1a7)
|                |L3b1a8  Africa (Mother: L3b1a+C16124T!)
|                |L3b1a9  Africa (Mother: L3b1a+C16124T!)
|                 |L3b1a9a  Africa (Mother: L3b1a9)
|               |L3b1a10 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a)
|               |L3b1a11 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b1a)
|              |L3b1b 5500 B.C.E. Africa,Burkina Faso (Mother: L3b1)
|               |L3b1b1 3500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: L3b1b)
|             |L3b2 10500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b)
|              |L3b2a  West Africa, Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: L3b2)
|              |L3b2b  Africa,Burkina Faso (Mother: L3b2)
|             |L3b3 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b)
|            |L3f 44500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3b'f)
|             |L3f1 38000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f)
|              |L3f1a 22500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1)
|               |L3f1a1 16000 B.C.E. Nigeria (Mother: L3f1a)
|              |L3f1b 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1)
|               |L3f1b+C16292T 6500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L3f1b)
|                |L3f1b1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b+C16292T)
|                 |L3f1b1a 1500 Africa (Mother: L3f1b1)
|                  |L3f1b1a1  Africa (Mother: L3f1b1a)
|                |L3f1b2 7500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b+C16292T)
|                 |L3f1b2a 2000 B.C.E. el-Hayez, Egypt (Mother: L3f1b2)
|                |L3f1b+C16292T +C150T  Africa (Mother: L3f1b+C16292T)
|                 |L3f1b3  Africa (Mother: L3f1b+C16292T +C150T)
|                 |L3f1b4 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b+C16292T +C150T)
|                  |L3f1b4a 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b4)
|                   |L3f1b4a1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b4a)
|                  |L3f1b4b 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b4)
|                  |L3f1b4c 3000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b4)
|                |L3f1b5  Africa (Mother: L3f1b+C16292T)
|               |L3f1b6 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f1b)
|             |L3f2 40500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f)
|              |L3f2a 34500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f2)
|               |L3f2a1  Africa (Mother: L3f2a)
|                |L3f2a1a  Ethiopia (Mother: L3f2a1)
|              |L3f2b 23500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f2)
|             |L3f3 4000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f)
|              |L3f3a 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3f3)
|              |L3f3b 1000 B.C.E. Nigeria (Mother: L3f3)
|           |L3c'd 59000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3)
|            |L3c 7500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L3c'd)
|            |L3d 24000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3c'd)
|             |L3d1'2'3'4'5'6 21000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d)
|              |L3d1 22000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1'2'3'4'5'6)
|               |L3d1a 14500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1)
|                |L3d1a1'2 11500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1a)
|                 |L3d1a1 12000 B.C.E. East Africa (Mother: L3d1a1'2)
|                  |L3d1a1a 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1a1)
|                   |L3d1a1a1 1500 Africa (Mother: L3d1a1a)
|                  |L3d1a1b 1500 Africa (Mother: L3d1a1)
|                 |L3d1a2  Africa (Mother: L3d1a1'2)
|               |L3d1b 18000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1)
|                |L3d1b1 14000 B.C.E. Dominican Republic (Mother: L3d1b)
|                 |L3d1b1a 11000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1b1)
|                 |L3d1b1b 4500 B.C.E. Poland (Mother: L3d1b1)
|                |L3d1b2 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1b)
|                |L3d1b3 8500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1b)
|                 |L3d1b3a  Africa (Mother: L3d1b3)
|               |L3d1c 11000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1)
|                |L3d1c1 4500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1c)
|               |L3d1d 9500 B.C.E. East Africa,Dominican Republic,S. African (Mother: L3d1)
|              |L3d2 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1'2'3'4'5'6)
|               |L3d2a 6000 B.C.E. Africa,Dominican Republic (Mother: L3d2)
|               |L3d2b 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d2)
|              |L3d3 17000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1'2'3'4'5'6)
|               |L3d3a 1500 Africa,Dominican Republic (Mother: L3d3)
|                |L3d3a1  Africa (Mother: L3d3a)
|                 |L3d3a1a  Africa (Mother: L3d3a1)
|                 |L3d3a1b  Africa (Mother: L3d3a1)
|               |L3d3b 13500 B.C.E. Jordan (Mother: L3d3)
|              |L3d4 16500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3d1'2'3'4'5'6)
|               |L3d4a 10500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: L3d4)
|              |L3d5  Africa (Mother: L3d1'2'3'4'5'6)
|               |L3d5a  Africa (Mother: L3d5)
|              |L3d6  Africa (Mother: L3d1'2'3'4'5'6)
|           |L3e'i'k'x 59000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3)
|            |L3e 34500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e'i'k'x)
|             |L3e1 13000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e)
|              |L3e1a 11500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|               |L3e1a1 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1a)
|                |L3e1a1a  Africa (Mother: L3e1a1)
|               |L3e1a2 1100 Africa (Mother: L3e1a)
|               |L3e1a3 8000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1a)
|                |L3e1a3a 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1a3)
|                |L3e1a3b 1400 Africa (Mother: L3e1a3)
|              |L3e1b 10500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|               |L3e1b1 7500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1b)
|               |L3e1b2 1500 Africa (Mother: L3e1b)
|              |L3e1c 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|              |L3e1d 7500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|               |L3e1d1 1500 Africa (Mother: L3e1d)
|                |L3e1d1a  Africa (Mother: L3e1d1)
|              |L3e1e 9000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|               |L3e1e1 6000 B.C.E. African Ewondo (Mother: L3e1e)
|               |L3e1e2 1500 Africa,Hispanic (Mother: L3e1e)
|              |L3e1f 13000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|               |L3e1f1 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1f)
|                |L3e1f1a  Africa (Mother: L3e1f1)
|               |L3e1f2 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e1f)
|              |L3e1g 1500 Africa (Mother: L3e1)
|             |L3e2 18000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e)
|              |L3e2a 8500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2)
|               |L3e2a1 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a)
|                |L3e2a1a 1000 Africa (Mother: L3e2a1)
|                |L3e2a1b 4000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a1)
|                 |L3e2a1b1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a1b)
|                 |L3e2a1b2 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a1b)
|                 |L3e2a1b3 1000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a1b)
|               |L3e2a2 5000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a)
|               |L3e2a3 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2a)
|              |L3e2b 10000 B.C.E. Dominican Republic (Mother: L3e2)
|               |L3e2b1 7500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2b)
|                |L3e2b1a 5500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2b1)
|                 |L3e2b1a1 3500 B.C.E. African Yoruba (Mother: L3e2b1a)
|                 |L3e2b1a2 900 Africa (Mother: L3e2b1a)
|               |L3e2b2 7000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2b)
|               |L3e2b+T152C! 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2b)
|                |L3e2b3 1500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2b+T152C!)
|                |L3e2b4  Africa (Mother: L3e2b+T152C!)
|                |L3e2b5  Africa (Mother: L3e2b+T152C!)
|                |L3e2b6  Africa (Mother: L3e2b+T152C!)
|               |L3e2b7 6500 B.C.E. African Lisongo (Mother: L3e2b)
|               |L3e2b8 6500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e2b)
|             |L3e3'4'5 31500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e)
|              |L3e3'4  Africa (Mother: L3e3'4'5)
|               |L3e3 10000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e3'4)
|                |L3e3a 400 Africa (Mother: L3e3)
|                |L3e3b 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e3)
|                 |L3e3b1 500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e3b)
|                 |L3e3b2 800 African Bamileke (Mother: L3e3b)
|                 |L3e3b3 1500 Africa (Mother: L3e3b)
|               |L3e4 15000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e3'4)
|                |L3e4a 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e4)
|                 |L3e4a1  Africa (Mother: L3e4a)
|              |L3e5 12500 B.C.E. North Africa (Mother: L3e3'4'5)
|               |L3e5a 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e5)
|                |L3e5a1  Africa (Mother: L3e5a)
|                 |L3e5a1a  Africa (Mother: L3e5a1)
|               |L3e5b 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e5)
|               |L3e5+T195C! 9500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e5)
|                |L3e5c  Africa (Mother: L3e5+T195C!)
|               |L3e5d 6500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: L3e5)
|               |L3e5e 6500 B.C.E. Nigeria (Mother: L3e5)
|               |L3e5f 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e5)
|            |L3i 39500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e'i'k'x)
|             |L3i1 11500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3i)
|              |L3i1a 2000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3i1)
|              |L3i1b 5000 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L3i1)
|             |L3i2 500 Ethiopia (Mother: L3i)
|            |L3k 22000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e'i'k'x)
|             |L3k1 3500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3k)
|            |L3x 35000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3e'i'k'x)
|             |L3x1 27000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x)
|              |L3x1a 24000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x1)
|               |L3x1a1  Africa (Mother: L3x1a)
|               |L3x1a2  Africa (Mother: L3x1a)
|              |L3x1+T16311C! 24000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x1)
|               |L3x1b  Ethiopia (Mother: L3x1+T16311C!)
|             |L3x2 27500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x)
|              |L3x2a 20000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x2)
|               |L3x2a1 13500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L3x2a)
|                |L3x2a1a 6000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x2a1)
|              |L3x2b 12000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3x2)
|           |L3h 57500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3)
|            |L3h1 45500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h)
|             |L3h1a 38500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1)
|              |L3h1a1 13500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1a)
|              |L3h1a2 35000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1a)
|               |L3h1a2a 14500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1a2)
|                |L3h1a2a1 8000 B.C.E. African Mkamba (Mother: L3h1a2a)
|               |L3h1a2b 33000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1a2)
|             |L3h1b 36500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1)
|              |L3h1b1 34000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1b)
|               |L3h1b1a 27500 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1b1)
|              |L3h1b2 11000 B.C.E. Africa (Mother: L3h1b)
|            |L3h2 1500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: L3h)
|           |M 48000 B.C.E. Prehistoric sites, China Lake, British Columbia (Mother: L3)
|            |M1'20'51 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M1 22000 B.C.E. North Africa (Mother: M1'20'51)
|              |M1a 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: M1)
|               |M1a1 11000 B.C.E. North Africa, Greece, Lemnos,  Iraq,Jew (Mother: M1a)
|                |M1a1a 800 (Mother: M1a1)
|                 |M1a1a1 1500 Egypt, Siwa (Mother: M1a1a)
|                |M1a1b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M1a1)
|                 |M1a1b1 4000 B.C.E. Italy, Central Italy (Mother: M1a1b)
|                  |M1a1b1a 1000 B.C.E. Italy, Sardinia (Mother: M1a1b1)
|                  |M1a1b1b 1000 B.C.E. Georgia (Mother: M1a1b1)
|                   |M1a1b1b1  Saudi Arabia (Mother: M1a1b1b)
|                  |M1a1b1c 1500 (Mother: M1a1b1)
|                 |M1a1b2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M1a1b)
|                |M1a1+T16093C 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M1a1)
|                 |M1a1c  Ethiopia,Jew (Mother: M1a1+T16093C)
|                 |M1a1d 3500 B.C.E. Ethiopia,Oromo (Mother: M1a1+T16093C)
|                |M1a1e 8000 B.C.E. USA, Eurasia (Mother: M1a1)
|                 |M1a1e1 5000 B.C.E. Native American, Pennsylvania,USA (Mother: M1a1e)
|                 |M1a1e2 5000 B.C.E. Israel,Druze (Mother: M1a1e)
|                |M1a1f 8000 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: M1a1)
|                |M1a1g 1500 (Mother: M1a1)
|                |M1a1h 5000 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: M1a1)
|                |M1a1i 1500 (Mother: M1a1)
|               |M1a2 15000 B.C.E. Egypt,Copt (Mother: M1a)
|                |M1a2a 3000 B.C.E. Morocco (Mother: M1a2)
|                |M1a2b 8000 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: M1a2)
|               |M1a3 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M1a)
|                |M1a3a 5000 B.C.E. Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: M1a3)
|                |M1a3b 7000 B.C.E. Egypt,Coptic (Mother: M1a3)
|                 |M1a3b1 1500 Russia, Vladimir (Mother: M1a3b)
|                 |M1a3b2 4000 B.C.E. Egypt,Copt (Mother: M1a3b)
|               |M1a4 8000 B.C.E. Morocco,Muslim,Ethiopia (Mother: M1a)
|                |M1a4a 2000 B.C.E. Ethiopia,Somalia (Mother: M1a4)
|               |M1a5 2500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: M1a)
|               |M1a6 14500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: M1a)
|               |M1a7 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M1a)
|               |M1a8 14500 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: M1a)
|                |M1a8a  Ethiopia (Mother: M1a8)
|              |M1b 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: M1)
|               |M1b1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M1b)
|                |M1b1a 1000 B.C.E. Italy, Southern Italy,Israel (Mother: M1b1)
|                |M1b1b 700 Mauritania (Mother: M1b1)
|               |M1b2 11000 B.C.E. Morocco,Berber Bouhria (Mother: M1b)
|                |M1b2a 5000 B.C.E. Italy, Central Italy,Morocco (Mother: M1b2)
|                |M1b2b 2000 B.C.E. Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: M1b2)
|                |M1b2c 8000 B.C.E. Iraq (Mother: M1b2)
|             |M20 (Mother: M1'20'51)
|             |M51 24500 B.C.E. (Mother: M1'20'51)
|              |M51a 22500 B.C.E. (Mother: M51)
|               |M51a1 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: M51a)
|                |M51a1a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M51a1)
|                |M51a1b 1500 (Mother: M51a1)
|               |M51a2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M51a)
|              |M51b 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: M51)
|               |M51b1 (Mother: M51b)
|                |M51b1a (Mother: M51b1)
|                |M51b1b (Mother: M51b1)
|            |M2 34500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M2a'b 28500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2)
|              |M2a 28000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a'b)
|               |M2a1 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a)
|                |M2a1a 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1)
|                 |M2a1a1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a)
|                  |M2a1a1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a1)
|                   |M2a1a1a1 1000 (Mother: M2a1a1a)
|                  |M2a1a1b 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a1)
|                   |M2a1a1b1 1100 (Mother: M2a1a1b)
|                 |M2a1a2 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a)
|                  |M2a1a2a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a2)
|                   |M2a1a2a1 500 (Mother: M2a1a2a)
|                    |M2a1a2a1a (Mother: M2a1a2a1)
|                 |M2a1a+G207A 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a)
|                  |M2a1a3 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a+G207A)
|                   |M2a1a3+T16093C 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a3)
|                    |M2a1a3a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a3+T16093C)
|                     |M2a1a3a1 900 (Mother: M2a1a3a)
|                    |M2a1a3b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1a3+T16093C)
|                |M2a1b 800 (Mother: M2a1)
|                |M2a1c 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a1)
|               |M2a2 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a)
|                |M2a2a 700 (Mother: M2a2)
|               |M2a3 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a)
|                |M2a3a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a3)
|              |M2b 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2a'b)
|               |M2b1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2b)
|                |M2b1a 0 (Mother: M2b1)
|                |M2b1b 1200 (Mother: M2b1)
|               |M2b2 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2b)
|               |M2b3 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M2b)
|                |M2b3a (Mother: M2b3)
|               |M2b4 1500 (Mother: M2b)
|             |M2c 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: M2)
|            |M3 22000 B.C.E. Paniya (Mother: M)
|             |M3a 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: M3)
|              |M3a1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M3a)
|               |M3a1+T204C 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M3a1)
|                |M3a1a (Mother: M3a1+T204C)
|                |M3a1b (Mother: M3a1+T204C)
|              |M3a2 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M3a)
|               |M3a2a 700 (Mother: M3a2)
|             |M3b 100 (Mother: M3)
|             |M3c 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: M3)
|              |M3c+T152C! 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: M3c)
|               |M3c1 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: M3c+T152C!)
|                |M3c1a 10000 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M3c1)
|                |M3c1b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M3c1)
|                 |M3c1b1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M3c1b)
|                  |M3c1b1a 1000 (Mother: M3c1b1)
|                  |M3c1b1b 600 (Mother: M3c1b1)
|              |M3c2 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: M3c)
|             |M3d 16000 B.C.E. Indian lineage M* (Mother: M3)
|              |M3d1  India,Hindu (Mother: M3d)
|               |M3d1a (Mother: M3d1)
|                |M3d1a1 (Mother: M3d1a)
|            |M4"67 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M4"67+T16311C! (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M4 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67+T16311C!)
|               |M4a 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M4)
|               |M4b 1500 B.C.E. Tadvi (Mother: M4)
|              |M65 23500 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67+T16311C!)
|               |M65a 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: M65)
|                |M65a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M65a)
|                |M65a+C16311T!! 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: M65a)
|                 |M65a2 (Mother: M65a+C16311T!!)
|               |M65b 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M65)
|              |M67 900 (Mother: M4"67+T16311C!)
|             |M18'38 (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M18 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: M18'38)
|               |M18a 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M18)
|               |M18b 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: M18)
|               |M18c 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M18)
|              |M38 25000 B.C.E. (Mother: M18'38)
|               |M38a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: M38)
|               |M38+T195C! 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: M38)
|                |M38b 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M38+T195C!)
|                |M38c 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M38+T195C!)
|               |M38+T199C 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: M38)
|                |M38d  India,Hindu (Mother: M38+T199C)
|                |M38e  Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M38+T199C)
|             |M30 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M30a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M30)
|               |M30a1 3500 B.C.E. Koraga (Mother: M30a)
|               |M30a2 300 (Mother: M30a)
|              |M30b 9500 B.C.E. Kannada (Mother: M30)
|              |M30c 9500 B.C.E. India (Mother: M30)
|               |M30c1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M30c)
|                |M30c1a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M30c1)
|                 |M30c1a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: M30c1a)
|              |M30d 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M30)
|               |M30d1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: M30d)
|               |M30d2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M30d)
|              |M30+C16234T 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M30)
|               |M30e 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M30+C16234T)
|              |M30f 12000 B.C.E. Indian lineage M30a (Mother: M30)
|              |M30g 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M30)
|             |M37 27500 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M37+T152C! 24500 B.C.E. (Mother: M37)
|               |M37+T152C! +C151T (Mother: M37+T152C!)
|                |M37a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M37+T152C! +C151T)
|                 |M37a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: M37a)
|                |M37d 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: M37+T152C! +C151T)
|              |M37e 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: M37)
|               |M37e2 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M37e)
|             |M43 24000 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M43+T16311C! 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: M43)
|               |M43a 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: M43+T16311C!)
|                |M43a1 7500 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M43a)
|              |M43b 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: M43)
|             |M45 26500 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M45a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: M45)
|             |M54 (Mother: M4"67)
|             |M63 (Mother: M4"67)
|             |M64 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67)
|             |M66 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: M4"67)
|              |M66a 9500 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M66)
|              |M66b 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M66)
|            |M5 35500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M5a'd 26000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5)
|              |M5a 15500 B.C.E. Gadaba (Mother: M5a'd)
|               |M5a1 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a)
|                |M5a1a 1500 Asia (Mother: M5a1)
|                |M5a1b 5500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: M5a1)
|               |M5a2 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a)
|                |M5a2a 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a2)
|                 |M5a2a1 7000 B.C.E. India,Hindu (Mother: M5a2a)
|                  |M5a2a1a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a2a1)
|                   |M5a2a1a1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a2a1a)
|                   |M5a2a1a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a2a1a)
|                 |M5a2a2 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a2a)
|                 |M5a2a3 300 (Mother: M5a2a)
|                 |M5a2a4 1500 (Mother: M5a2a)
|               |M5a3 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a)
|                |M5a3a (Mother: M5a3)
|                |M5a3b 600 (Mother: M5a3)
|               |M5a4 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5a)
|               |M5a5 100 (Mother: M5a)
|              |M5d 12000 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M5a'd)
|             |M5b'c 32000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5)
|              |M5b 30500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b'c)
|               |M5b1 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b)
|               |M5b2 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b)
|                |M5b2a 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b2)
|                |M5b2b 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b2)
|                 |M5b2b1 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b2b)
|                  |M5b2b1a (Mother: M5b2b1)
|              |M5c 30000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5b'c)
|               |M5c1 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: M5c)
|               |M5c2 14000 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M5c)
|            |M6 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M6a 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M6)
|              |M6a1 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M6a)
|               |M6a1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M6a1)
|               |M6a1b 1500 (Mother: M6a1)
|              |M6a2 (Mother: M6a)
|             |M6b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: M6)
|            |M7 43000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M7a 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: M7)
|              |M7a+T16324C 18000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a)
|               |M7a1 15500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a+T16324C)
|                |M7a1a 8500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1)
|                 |M7a1a1 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                  |M7a1a1a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a1)
|                 |M7a1a2 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                 |M7a1a3 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                 |M7a1a4 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                  |M7a1a4a 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a4)
|                 |M7a1a5 4500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                  |M7a1a5a 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a5)
|                 |M7a1a6 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7a1a)
|                  |M7a1a6a 1200 Japan (Mother: M7a1a6)
|                 |M7a1a7 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                 |M7a1a8 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7a1a)
|                 |M7a1a9 5000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M7a1a)
|                |M7a1b 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7a1)
|                 |M7a1b1 1500 Japan (Mother: M7a1b)
|                 |M7a1b2 1500 (Mother: M7a1b)
|              |M7a2 17500 B.C.E. Japan, Shizuokaure (Mother: M7a)
|               |M7a2a 12000 B.C.E. South Siberia (Mother: M7a2)
|                |M7a2a1 3500 B.C.E. Japan, Chiba (Mother: M7a2a)
|                |M7a2a2 6500 B.C.E. Japan, Gunma (Mother: M7a2a)
|                |M7a2a3 700 Russia, South Siberia (Mother: M7a2a)
|                 |M7a2a3a (Mother: M7a2a3)
|             |M7b'c 40000 B.C.E. (Mother: M7)
|              |M7b 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: M7b'c)
|               |M7b1 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7b)
|                |M7b1a 1500 (Mother: M7b1)
|                 |M7b1a1 (Mother: M7b1a)
|                  |M7b1a1a (Mother: M7b1a1)
|                   |M7b1a1a1  Japan,China (Mother: M7b1a1a)
|                    |M7b1a1a1a  Japan (Mother: M7b1a1a1)
|                    |M7b1a1a1b  Japan (Mother: M7b1a1a1)
|                     |M7b1a1a1b1 (Mother: M7b1a1a1b)
|                    |M7b1a1a1c  Japan (Mother: M7b1a1a1)
|                    |M7b1a1a1d (Mother: M7b1a1a1)
|                   |M7b1a1a2 (Mother: M7b1a1a)
|                   |M7b1a1a3 (Mother: M7b1a1a)
|                  |M7b1a1b  China (Mother: M7b1a1)
|                  |M7b1a1+(C16192T)  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: M7b1a1)
|                   |M7b1a1c (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                    |M7b1a1c1 (Mother: M7b1a1c)
|                   |M7b1a1d (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                    |M7b1a1d1 (Mother: M7b1a1d)
|                   |M7b1a1e (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                    |M7b1a1e1 (Mother: M7b1a1e)
|                    |M7b1a1e2 (Mother: M7b1a1e)
|                   |M7b1a1f (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                   |M7b1a1g (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                   |M7b1a1h (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                   |M7b1a1i (Mother: M7b1a1+(C16192T))
|                    |M7b1a1i1 (Mother: M7b1a1i)
|                 |M7b1a2 (Mother: M7b1a)
|                  |M7b1a2a (Mother: M7b1a2)
|                   |M7b1a2a1 (Mother: M7b1a2a)
|                    |M7b1a2a1a (Mother: M7b1a2a1)
|                    |M7b1a2a1b (Mother: M7b1a2a1)
|                     |M7b1a2a1b1 (Mother: M7b1a2a1b)
|                |M7b1b 1500 Russia, South Siberia (Mother: M7b1)
|               |M7b2 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7b)
|                |M7b2a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7b2)
|              |M7c 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: M7b'c)
|               |M7c1 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c)
|                |M7c1a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c1)
|                 |M7c1a1 0 (Mother: M7c1a)
|                  |M7c1a1a (Mother: M7c1a1)
|                   |M7c1a1a1  Mongolian (Mother: M7c1a1a)
|                  |M7c1a1b (Mother: M7c1a1)
|                   |M7c1a1b1 (Mother: M7c1a1b)
|                 |M7c1a2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c1a)
|                  |M7c1a2a (Mother: M7c1a2)
|                   |M7c1a2a1  South Korea, Seoul (Mother: M7c1a2a)
|                 |M7c1a3 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c1a)
|                  |M7c1a3a  Japan (Mother: M7c1a3)
|                 |M7c1a4 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c1a)
|                  |M7c1a4a (Mother: M7c1a4)
|                  |M7c1a4b (Mother: M7c1a4)
|                 |M7c1a5 1500 Japan (Mother: M7c1a)
|                |M7c1b 7000 B.C.E. China (Mother: M7c1)
|                 |M7c1b1 5000 B.C.E. Russia, South Siberia (Mother: M7c1b)
|                 |M7c1b2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c1b)
|                  |M7c1b2a  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: M7c1b2)
|                  |M7c1b2b (Mother: M7c1b2)
|                |M7c1c 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c1)
|                 |M7c1c1 (Mother: M7c1c)
|                  |M7c1c1a (Mother: M7c1c1)
|                   |M7c1c1a1 (Mother: M7c1c1a)
|                 |M7c1c2 (Mother: M7c1c)
|                  |M7c1c2a (Mother: M7c1c2)
|                 |M7c1c3 (Mother: M7c1c)
|                  |M7c1c3a (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                   |M7c1c3a1 (Mother: M7c1c3a)
|                  |M7c1c3b (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3c (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3d (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3e (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3f (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3g (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3h (Mother: M7c1c3)
|                  |M7c1c3i (Mother: M7c1c3)
|               |M7c2 18000 B.C.E. Czech Republic, West Bohemia (Mother: M7c)
|                |M7c2a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c2)
|                |M7c2b 14500 B.C.E. Czech Republic, West Bohemia (Mother: M7c2)
|               |M7c3 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M7c)
|            |M8 34500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M8a 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8)
|              |M8a1 300 (Mother: M8a)
|               |M8a1a  Japan (Mother: M8a1)
|              |M8a2'3 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8a)
|               |M8a2 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8a2'3)
|                |M8a2+T152C! 8500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M8a2)
|                 |M8a2a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M8a2+T152C!)
|                  |M8a2a1 700 Japan,China (Mother: M8a2a)
|                 |M8a2b 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M8a2+T152C!)
|                |M8a2c 8500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M8a2)
|                |M8a2d 1500 China (Mother: M8a2)
|                |M8a2e 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8a2)
|               |M8a3 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8a2'3)
|                |M8a3a 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8a3)
|                 |M8a3a1 (Mother: M8a3a)
|             |CZ 34500 B.C.E. (Mother: M8)
|              |C 22000 B.C.E. East Eurasia, Cherokee East, Mexico, Turkey, Puerto Rico, Ecuador, Argentina, Poland, Canada (Mother: CZ)
|               |C1 16500 B.C.E. Beringia, Mexican (Mother: C)
|                |C1a 3000 B.C.E. Russia, Siberia,Ulchi, Ulchi, Starikovskaya, Siberia (Mother: C1)
|                |C1b 13000 B.C.E. Beringia, Wayuu, Mexico, Ecuador (Mother: C1)
|                 |C1b1 10500 B.C.E. N American, North America, Mexico (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b2 700 Hispanic, Puerto Rico, Peru (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b3 10000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Peru (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b4 900 Native American, USA,Hispanic, Mexico (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b5 8500 B.C.E. Mexican (Mother: C1b)
|                  |C1b5a 4500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Mexico (Mother: C1b5)
|                  |C1b5b 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: C1b5)
|                 |C1b6 600 Yanomama (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b+T16311C! 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: C1b)
|                  |C1b7  Mexico, Mexican (Mother: C1b+T16311C!)
|                   |C1b7a  Mexican, Mexico (Mother: C1b7)
|                  |C1b10  Mexican (Mother: C1b+T16311C!)
|                 |C1b8 7000 B.C.E. Mexican (Mother: C1b)
|                  |C1b8a  Mexican (Mother: C1b8)
|                 |C1b9 7000 B.C.E. Mexican (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b11 10000 B.C.E. Mexico, Mexico (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b12 10000 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: C1b)
|                 |C1b13 7000 B.C.E. Polynesia; Extinct Botocudos (Aimores) Indians, Brazil via slave trade (Mother: C1b)
|                  |C1b13a  Huilliche, Chilean (Mother: C1b13)
|                   |C1b13a1  Huilliche, Chilean (Mother: C1b13a)
|                  |C1b13b  Huilliche, Chilean, Spain (Mother: C1b13)
|                  |C1b13c  Mapuche, Chilean (Mother: C1b13)
|                   |C1b13c1  Chile, Penuenche (Mother: C1b13c)
|                  |C1b13d  Chile (Mother: C1b13)
|                  |C1b13e  Chile (Mother: C1b13)
|                 |C1b14 3500 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: C1b)
|                |C1c 11000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Beringia, Kogui, Arsario (Mother: C1)
|                 |C1c1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: C1c)
|                  |C1c1a 2500 B.C.E. Pima, Mexico (Mother: C1c1)
|                  |C1c1b 3000 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: C1c1)
|                 |C1c2 1000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Mexico, Cuba (Mother: C1c)
|                 |C1c3 1000 B.C.E. Arsario, Kogui (Mother: C1c)
|                 |C1c4 4500 B.C.E. Dominican Republic, Doiminica (Mother: C1c)
|                 |C1c5 5000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Meico, Pima (Mother: C1c)
|                 |C1c+T195C! 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: C1c)
|                  |C1c6  Hispanic (Mother: C1c+T195C!)
|                  |C1c7  Mexico (Mother: C1c+T195C!)
|                 |C1c8 5000 B.C.E. Native American, USA, USA (Mother: C1c)
|                |C1d 13500 B.C.E. Beringia, Coreguaje (Mother: C1)
|                 |C1d+C194T 10500 B.C.E. Mexico,, Argentina, Columbia (Mother: C1d)
|                  |C1d1 9500 B.C.E. South America (Mother: C1d+C194T)
|                   |C1d1a 4500 B.C.E. Sonora, Mexico (Mother: C1d1)
|                    |C1d1a1 700 Oklahoma, Montana, Quebec, Zacatecas (Mother: C1d1a)
|                   |C1d1b 5000 B.C.E. Argentina, Kolla-Salta, Diaguita-Catamarca, Uruguay (Mother: C1d1)
|                    |C1d1b1 2000 B.C.E. Argentina (Mother: C1d1b)
|                   |C1d1c 5000 B.C.E. Oaxaca, Mexico (Mother: C1d1)
|                    |C1d1c1 1500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Mexico, Texas, Michigan (Mother: C1d1c)
|                   |C1d1d 6500 B.C.E. Buenos Aires, Rio Grande do Sul, Brzil, Uruguay, Argentina (Mother: C1d1)
|                  |C1d2 9000 B.C.E. Colambia (Mother: C1d+C194T)
|                   |C1d2a 2500 B.C.E. Colombia (Mother: C1d2)
|                  |C1d3  Uruguay (Mother: C1d+C194T)
|                |C1e 1500 (Mother: C1)
|                |C1f 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: C1)
|               |C4 17000 B.C.E. White Earth Reservation, Minnesota; Inupiat people from Alaska North Slope (Mother: C)
|                |C4a'b'c 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: C4)
|                 |C4a 16000 B.C.E. Native American, Siberian (Mother: C4a'b'c)
|                  |C4a1 9500 B.C.E. India, Turkey (Mother: C4a)
|                   |C4a1a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: C4a1)
|                    |C4a1a1 1500 (Mother: C4a1a)
|                     |C4a1a1a (Mother: C4a1a1)
|                    |C4a1a+T195C! 100 (Mother: C4a1a)
|                     |C4a1a2 (Mother: C4a1a+T195C!)
|                      |C4a1a2a  China (Mother: C4a1a2)
|                     |C4a1a3  North-East Siberia (Mother: C4a1a+T195C!)
|                      |C4a1a3a (Mother: C4a1a3)
|                       |C4a1a3a1  Russia, Taimyr Peninsula,Tofalar (Mother: C4a1a3a)
|                      |C4a1a3b  Russia, North-East Altai (Mother: C4a1a3)
|                      |C4a1a3c (Mother: C4a1a3)
|                      |C4a1a3d (Mother: C4a1a3)
|                     |C4a1a4 (Mother: C4a1a+T195C!)
|                      |C4a1a4a  Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4a1a4)
|                    |C4a1a5 1500 (Mother: C4a1a)
|                    |C4a1a6 100 (Mother: C4a1a)
|                   |C4a1b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: C4a1)
|                  |C4a2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: C4a)
|                   |C4a2a 1500 (Mother: C4a2)
|                    |C4a2a1  Yakut (Mother: C4a2a)
|                     |C4a2a1a  Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4a2a1)
|                     |C4a2a1b  Evenki (Mother: C4a2a1)
|                   |C4a2b 1500 (Mother: C4a2)
|                    |C4a2b1 (Mother: C4a2b)
|                    |C4a2b2 (Mother: C4a2b)
|                     |C4a2b2a (Mother: C4a2b2)
|                   |C4a2c 1500 (Mother: C4a2)
|                    |C4a2c1 (Mother: C4a2c)
|                    |C4a2c2 (Mother: C4a2c)
|                     |C4a2c2a (Mother: C4a2c2)
|                 |C4b 5000 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4a'b'c)
|                  |C4b1 1000 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4b)
|                   |C4b1a 400 Tuvli (Mother: C4b1)
|                   |C4b1b 1500 (Mother: C4b1)
|                  |C4b2 700 (Mother: C4b)
|                   |C4b2a 1500 Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4b2)
|                  |C4b3 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: C4b)
|                   |C4b3a 500 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4b3)
|                    |C4b3a1 1500 Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4b3a)
|                   |C4b3b 1500 Buriat (Mother: C4b3)
|                  |C4b5 300 (Mother: C4b)
|                  |C4b6 1500 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Altai (Mother: C4b)
|                  |C4b7 700 Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C4b)
|                  |C4b8 0 (Mother: C4b)
|                   |C4b8a 1500 Russia, Taimyr Peninsula,Nganasan (Mother: C4b8)
|                 |C4c 11500 B.C.E. Beringia; Ijka, South America; Shuswap, North America (Mother: C4a'b'c)
|                  |C4c1 8500 B.C.E. Chippewa, Cree (Mother: C4c)
|                   |C4c1a 2000 B.C.E. Kashani, Cherokee (Mother: C4c1)
|                   |C4c1b 5000 B.C.E. Kashani (Mother: C4c1)
|                  |C4c2 1500 Kashani (Mother: C4c)
|                |C4+T152C! 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: C4)
|                 |C4+T152C! +T16093C (Mother: C4+T152C!)
|                  |C4d (Mother: C4+T152C! +T16093C)
|                 |C4e 1500 B.C.E. Uika (Mother: C4+T152C!)
|               |C5 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: C)
|                |C5a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5)
|                 |C5a1 500 (Mother: C5a)
|                 |C5a2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: C5a)
|                  |C5a2a 1500 North-East Siberia (Mother: C5a2)
|                  |C5a2b 1500 Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C5a2)
|                   |C5a2b1 (Mother: C5a2b)
|                |C5b 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5)
|                 |C5b1 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5b)
|                  |C5b1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5b1)
|                   |C5b1a1 200 Nganasan (Mother: C5b1a)
|                  |C5b1b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5b1)
|                   |C5b1b1 1500 (Mother: C5b1b)
|                |C5+T16093C 13000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: C5)
|                 |C5c 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5+T16093C)
|                  |C5c+C16234T 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5c)
|                   |C5c1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5c+C16234T)
|                    |C5c1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: C5c1)
|                 |C5d 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: C5+T16093C)
|                  |C5d1 1000 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: C5d)
|                  |C5d2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: C5d)
|               |C7 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: C)
|                |C7a 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: C7)
|                 |C7a1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: C7a)
|                  |C7a1a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: C7a1)
|                   |C7a1a1 1500 (Mother: C7a1a)
|                   |C7a1a2 (Mother: C7a1a)
|                  |C7a1c 5500 B.C.E. China (Mother: C7a1)
|                  |C7a1d 1500 (Mother: C7a1)
|                 |C7a2 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: C7a)
|                  |C7a2a (Mother: C7a2)
|                |C7+A16051G 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: C7)
|                 |C7b (Mother: C7+A16051G)
|              |Z 20000 B.C.E. East Eurasia (Mother: CZ)
|               |Z+T152C! 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z)
|                |Z1 14000 B.C.E. Russia, Siberia,Tofalar (Mother: Z+T152C!)
|                 |Z1a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: Z1)
|                  |Z1a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z1a)
|                   |Z1a1a 1000 Russia, Chelyabinsk (Mother: Z1a1)
|                   |Z1a1b 1500 (Mother: Z1a1)
|                  |Z1a2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z1a)
|                   |Z1a2a 400 Koryak (Mother: Z1a2)
|                  |Z1a3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: Z1a)
|                |Z2 400 Japan (Mother: Z+T152C!)
|                |Z3 14000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: Z+T152C!)
|                 |Z3a 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z3)
|                  |Z3a1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: Z3a)
|                   |Z3a1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: Z3a1)
|                  |Z3a2 1000 (Mother: Z3a)
|                 |Z3b 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z3)
|                 |Z3+G709A 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z3)
|                  |Z3c (Mother: Z3+G709A)
|                  |Z3d (Mother: Z3+G709A)
|                |Z4 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: Z+T152C!)
|                 |Z4a 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: Z4)
|                  |Z4a1 1500 B.C.E. China (Mother: Z4a)
|                   |Z4a1a (Mother: Z4a1)
|                    |Z4a1a1  Japan (Mother: Z4a1a)
|                |Z7 800 (Mother: Z+T152C!)
|               |Z5 1500 Japan (Mother: Z)
|            |M9 36500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M9a'b 30500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9)
|              |M9a 16000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M9a'b)
|               |M9a1 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a)
|                |M9a1a 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1)
|                 |M9a1a1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a)
|                  |M9a1a1a 4000 B.C.E. Japan,China (Mother: M9a1a1)
|                  |M9a1a1b 6000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M9a1a1)
|                  |M9a1a1c 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a1)
|                   |M9a1a1c1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a1c)
|                    |M9a1a1c1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a1c1)
|                    |M9a1a1c1b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a1c1)
|                     |M9a1a1c1b1 1500 (Mother: M9a1a1c1b)
|                      |M9a1a1c1b1a (Mother: M9a1a1c1b1)
|                       |M9a1a1c1b1a1 (Mother: M9a1a1c1b1a)
|                       |M9a1a1c1b1a2 (Mother: M9a1a1c1b1a)
|                     |M9a1a1c1b2 1100 (Mother: M9a1a1c1b)
|                    |M9a1a1c1c 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a1c1)
|                  |M9a1a1d 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a1)
|                 |M9a1a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a)
|                 |M9a1a3 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1a)
|                |M9a1b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1)
|                 |M9a1b+C150T 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b)
|                  |M9a1b1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b+C150T)
|                   |M9a1b1a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b1)
|                    |M9a1b1a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b1a)
|                   |M9a1b1b 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b1)
|                   |M9a1b1c 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b1)
|                  |M9a1b2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a1b+C150T)
|               |M9a4 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a)
|                |M9a4a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a4)
|                 |M9a4a1 7000 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: M9a4a)
|                 |M9a4a2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a4a)
|                |M9a4b 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a4)
|               |M9a5 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a)
|              |M9b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M9a'b)
|             |E 22000 B.C.E. East Eurasia (Mother: M9)
|              |E1 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: E)
|               |E1a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: E1)
|                |E1a1 6000 B.C.E. Philippines,Taiwan (Mother: E1a)
|                 |E1a1a 5000 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E1a1)
|                  |E1a1a1 3500 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E1a1a)
|                   |E1a1a1a 500 B.C.E. Indonesia (Mother: E1a1a1)
|                   |E1a1a1b 1500 (Mother: E1a1a1)
|                    |E1a1a1b1  Taiwan (Mother: E1a1a1b)
|                    |E1a1a1b2  Taiwan (Mother: E1a1a1b)
|                   |E1a1a1c 1500 (Mother: E1a1a1)
|                 |E1a1b 2500 B.C.E. Indonesia (Mother: E1a1)
|                  |E1a1b1 (Mother: E1a1b)
|                  |E1a1b2  Indonesia (Mother: E1a1b)
|                  |E1a1b3  Taiwan (Mother: E1a1b)
|                  |E1a1b4  Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, Mangseng (Mother: E1a1b)
|                 |E1a1c 2500 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E1a1)
|                |E1a2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: E1a)
|                 |E1a2+(C16261T) 500 B.C.E. Indonesia (Mother: E1a2)
|                  |E1a2a (Mother: E1a2+(C16261T))
|                   |E1a2a1  Papua New Guinea, North New Ireland AN, Madak,PNG (Mother: E1a2a)
|                   |E1a2a2  Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, Pomio (Mother: E1a2a)
|                   |E1a2a3 (Mother: E1a2a)
|                   |E1a2a4 (Mother: E1a2a)
|              |E2 8500 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E)
|               |E2a 6000 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E2)
|                |E2a1 3500 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E2a)
|                 |E2a1a 1500 Philippines (Mother: E2a1)
|                |E2a2 3000 B.C.E. Indonesia,Taiwan (Mother: E2a)
|               |E2b 5000 B.C.E. Indonesia (Mother: E2)
|                |E2b1 2000 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E2b)
|                |E2b2 1500 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: E2b)
|            |M10 22500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M10a 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: M10)
|              |M10a1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M10a)
|               |M10a1+G16129A! 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M10a1)
|                |M10a1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M10a1+G16129A!)
|                 |M10a1a1 1500 (Mother: M10a1a)
|                  |M10a1a1a  Japan,China (Mother: M10a1a1)
|                  |M10a1a1b (Mother: M10a1a1)
|                   |M10a1a1b1  Japan (Mother: M10a1a1b)
|                   |M10a1a1b2 (Mother: M10a1a1b)
|               |M10a1b 4500 B.C.E. China (Mother: M10a1)
|              |M10a2 7500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M10a)
|            |M11 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M11+A200G 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: M11)
|              |M11a'b (Mother: M11+A200G)
|               |M11a 10000 B.C.E. China (Mother: M11a'b)
|                |M11a1 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M11a)
|                |M11a2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M11a)
|               |M11b 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: M11a'b)
|                |M11b1 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M11b)
|                 |M11b1a  Japan (Mother: M11b1)
|                  |M11b1a1  China (Mother: M11b1a)
|                |M11b2 5000 B.C.E. Japan, Hokkaido (Mother: M11b)
|              |M11d (Mother: M11+A200G)
|             |M11c 10000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M11)
|            |M12'G 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M12 29500 B.C.E. (Mother: M12'G)
|              |M12a 24500 B.C.E. (Mother: M12)
|               |M12a1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: M12a)
|                |M12a1a 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: M12a1)
|                 |M12a1a1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M12a1a)
|                 |M12a1a2 1500 B.C.E. Chinese, Han, Hakka; (Mother: M12a1a)
|                |M12a1b  China (Mother: M12a1)
|               |M12a2 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: M12a)
|              |M12b 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: M12)
|               |M12b1 (Mother: M12b)
|                |M12b1a (Mother: M12b1)
|                 |M12b1a1 (Mother: M12b1a)
|                 |M12b1a2 (Mother: M12b1a)
|                  |M12b1a2a (Mother: M12b1a2)
|                  |M12b1a2b (Mother: M12b1a2)
|                |M12b1b (Mother: M12b1)
|               |M12b2 (Mother: M12b)
|                |M12b2a (Mother: M12b2)
|             |G 30000 B.C.E. East Eurasia (Mother: M12'G)
|              |G1 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: G)
|               |G1a 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: G1)
|                |G1a1 9500 B.C.E. South Siberia (Mother: G1a)
|                 |G1a1a 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G1a1)
|                  |G1a1a1 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G1a1a)
|                  |G1a1a2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: G1a1a)
|                  |G1a1a3 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G1a1a)
|                  |G1a1a4 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G1a1a)
|                 |G1a1b 6500 B.C.E. Russia, South Siberia (Mother: G1a1)
|                |G1a2'3 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: G1a)
|                 |G1a2 (Mother: G1a2'3)
|                 |G1a3 4500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G1a2'3)
|               |G1b 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: G1)
|                |G1b1 2500 B.C.E. Russia, Magadan region (Mother: G1b)
|                |G1b+G16129A! 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: G1b)
|                 |G1b2  Russia, Magadan region (Mother: G1b+G16129A!)
|                 |G1b3  Russia, Anadyr (Mother: G1b+G16129A!)
|                 |G1b4 (Mother: G1b+G16129A!)
|               |G1c 11000 B.C.E. South Korea, Seoul (Mother: G1)
|                |G1c1 2000 B.C.E. China (Mother: G1c)
|                |G1c2 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: G1c)
|              |G2 25000 B.C.E. (Mother: G)
|               |G2a'c 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2)
|                |G2a 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2a'c)
|                 |G2a1 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2a)
|                  |G2a1b 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G2a1)
|                  |G2a1+T16189C! 9000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G2a1)
|                   |G2a1+T16189C! +A16194G  Japan (Mother: G2a1+T16189C!)
|                    |G2a1c 3000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G2a1+T16189C! +A16194G)
|                     |G2a1c1 3000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G2a1c)
|                     |G2a1c2 500 Japan (Mother: G2a1c)
|                   |G2a1d 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2a1+T16189C!)
|                    |G2a1d1 1000 Japan (Mother: G2a1d)
|                     |G2a1d1a  Japan (Mother: G2a1d1)
|                    |G2a1d2 1500 (Mother: G2a1d)
|                     |G2a1d2a (Mother: G2a1d2)
|                  |G2a1e 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G2a1)
|                  |G2a1f 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2a1)
|                   |G2a1f1 (Mother: G2a1f)
|                  |G2a1g 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2a1)
|                  |G2a1h 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2a1)
|                 |G2a+T152C! 12500 B.C.E. LHON family 1244 (Mother: G2a)
|                  |G2a2 (Mother: G2a+T152C!)
|                   |G2a2a (Mother: G2a2)
|                  |G2a3 (Mother: G2a+T152C!)
|                   |G2a3a (Mother: G2a3)
|                  |G2a4 (Mother: G2a+T152C!)
|                  |G2a5 800 Japan (Mother: G2a+T152C!)
|                |G2c (Mother: G2a'c)
|               |G2b 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2)
|                |G2b1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2b)
|                 |G2b1a 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2b1)
|                  |G2b1a1 1500 (Mother: G2b1a)
|                  |G2b1a2 2000 B.C.E. China (Mother: G2b1a)
|                 |G2b1b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: G2b1)
|                |G2b2 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2b)
|                 |G2b2a 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2b2)
|                 |G2b2b 12500 B.C.E. Japan, Chiba (Mother: G2b2)
|                 |G2b2c 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: G2b2)
|              |G3 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: G)
|               |G3a 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: G3)
|                |G3a1'2 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: G3a)
|                 |G3a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: G3a1'2)
|                  |G3a1a 1400 (Mother: G3a1)
|                 |G3a2 800 (Mother: G3a1'2)
|                  |G3a2+T152C! 1500 (Mother: G3a2)
|                   |G3a2a  Japan (Mother: G3a2+T152C!)
|                |G3a3 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: G3a)
|               |G3b 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: G3)
|                |G3b1 9000 B.C.E. Asian Indian (Mother: G3b)
|                |G3b2 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: G3b)
|              |G4 7500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: G)
|            |M13'46'61 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M13 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13'46'61)
|              |M13a'b 38500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13)
|               |M13a 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13a'b)
|                |M13a1 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M13a)
|                 |M13a1a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: M13a1)
|                 |M13a1b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13a1)
|                  |M13a1b1 900 (Mother: M13a1b)
|                |M13a2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M13a)
|               |M13b 29500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13a'b)
|                |M13b1 21000 B.C.E. Semang Jahai (Mother: M13b)
|                |M13b2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13b)
|              |M13c 26000 B.C.E. (Mother: M13)
|             |M13'46'61+T16362C (Mother: M13'46'61)
|              |M46 800 (Mother: M13'46'61+T16362C)
|               |M46a 1500 Thailand, Mergui Archipelago,Thai Moken population (Mother: M46)
|              |M61 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M13'46'61+T16362C)
|               |M61a 1500 (Mother: M61)
|            |M14 40000 B.C.E. Australia, Kalumburu,Saudi Arabia (Mother: M)
|            |M15 7000 B.C.E. Australia, Kalumburu (Mother: M)
|            |M17 42000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M17a 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: M17)
|             |M17c 38500 B.C.E. (Mother: M17)
|              |M17c1 32500 B.C.E. (Mother: M17c)
|               |M17c1a  Indonesia (Mother: M17c1)
|                |M17c1a1 (Mother: M17c1a)
|                 |M17c1a1a (Mother: M17c1a1)
|            |M19'53 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M19 (Mother: M19'53)
|             |M53 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: M19'53)
|              |M53b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M53)
|            |M21 43500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M21a 21000 B.C.E. Semang Batek (Mother: M21)
|             |M21b 34500 B.C.E. (Mother: M21)
|              |M21b1 (Mother: M21b)
|               |M21b1a  Aboriginal Malay Semelai (Mother: M21b1)
|              |M21b+A210G (Mother: M21b)
|               |M21b2 (Mother: M21b+A210G)
|            |M22 39000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M22a 27500 B.C.E. Aboriginal Malayu Temuan,Melayu (Mother: M22)
|             |M22b 36500 B.C.E. (Mother: M22)
|            |M23'75 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M23 4000 B.C.E. Madagascar, Mikea, Madagascar (Mother: M23'75)
|             |M75 27000 B.C.E. (Mother: M23'75)
|            |M24'41 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M24 (Mother: M24'41)
|              |M24a (Mother: M24)
|              |M24b (Mother: M24)
|             |M41 8500 B.C.E. Pardhan (Mother: M24'41)
|              |M41a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: M41)
|               |M41a1 1500 (Mother: M41a)
|              |M41b 6000 B.C.E. Pardhan (Mother: M41)
|              |M41c 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M41)
|            |M25 1500 (Mother: M)
|            |M26 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|            |M27 43500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M27a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M27)
|              |M27a1 1500 (Mother: M27a)
|               |M27a1a (Mother: M27a1)
|                |M27a1a1  Papua New Guinea, Central Bougainville, Aita,PNG (Mother: M27a1a)
|                |M27a1a2 (Mother: M27a1a)
|               |M27a1b (Mother: M27a1)
|              |M27a2 1500 (Mother: M27a)
|               |M27a2a (Mother: M27a2)
|               |M27a2b (Mother: M27a2)
|              |M27a3 1500 (Mother: M27a)
|             |M27b 1000 (Mother: M27)
|              |M27b1 1500 Papua New Guinea, East New Britain, Kabakada,PNG (Mother: M27b)
|              |M27b2 1500 (Mother: M27b)
|               |M27b2a (Mother: M27b2)
|                |M27b2a1 (Mother: M27b2a)
|               |M27b2b (Mother: M27b2)
|                |M27b2b1 (Mother: M27b2b)
|               |M27b2c (Mother: M27b2)
|             |M27c 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: M27)
|            |M28 27500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M28a 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M28)
|              |M28a1 9500 B.C.E. Vanuatu (Mother: M28a)
|              |M28a+T204C 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M28a)
|               |M28a2 (Mother: M28a+T204C)
|                |M28a2a  Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, Melamela (Mother: M28a2)
|               |M28a3 (Mother: M28a+T204C)
|               |M28a4 (Mother: M28a+T204C)
|              |M28a5 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M28a)
|               |M28a5a (Mother: M28a5)
|               |M28a5b  Papua New Guinea, East New Britain, Malasait,PNG (Mother: M28a5)
|              |M28a6 300 (Mother: M28a)
|               |M28a6a (Mother: M28a6)
|              |M28a7 9500 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, East New Britain, Watwat,PNG (Mother: M28a)
|               |M28a7a (Mother: M28a7)
|               |M28a7b (Mother: M28a7)
|             |M28b 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: M28)
|              |M28b1 1500 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, East New Britain, Vunairoto,PNG (Mother: M28b)
|            |M29'Q 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M29 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: M29'Q)
|              |M29a 0 Papua New Guinea, East New Britain, Tolai,PNG (Mother: M29)
|              |M29b 5500 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, Bundi area (Mother: M29)
|               |M29b1 2500 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, Nakanai (Mother: M29b)
|             |Q 36000 B.C.E. Australo-Melanesia (Mother: M29'Q)
|              |Q1'2 32500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q)
|               |Q1 16500 B.C.E. PNGHigh (Mother: Q1'2)
|                |Q1+T16223C 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q1)
|                 |Q1a 14000 B.C.E. PNGHigh (Mother: Q1+T16223C)
|                  |Q1a1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q1a)
|                   |Q1a1a  PNGCoast (Mother: Q1a1)
|                 |Q1b 13000 B.C.E. Vanuatu (Mother: Q1+T16223C)
|                 |Q1c (Mother: Q1+T16223C)
|                  |Q1c1 (Mother: Q1c)
|                   |Q1c1a (Mother: Q1c1)
|                  |Q1c2 (Mother: Q1c)
|                   |Q1c2a (Mother: Q1c2)
|                |Q1d 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q1)
|                |Q1e 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: Q1)
|                 |Q1e1 (Mother: Q1e)
|                  |Q1e1a (Mother: Q1e1)
|                   |Q1e1a1 (Mother: Q1e1a)
|                  |Q1e1b (Mother: Q1e1)
|                   |Q1e1b1 (Mother: Q1e1b)
|                  |Q1e1c (Mother: Q1e1)
|                |Q1f 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q1)
|                 |Q1f1  Samoa,Vanuatu (Mother: Q1f)
|                 |Q1f2 (Mother: Q1f)
|               |Q2 27000 B.C.E. (Mother: Q1'2)
|                |Q2a 13500 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, New Ireland,Madak language; Q2b haplogroup (Mother: Q2)
|                 |Q2a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: Q2a)
|                 |Q2a2 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q2a)
|                  |Q2a2a (Mother: Q2a2)
|                  |Q2a2b (Mother: Q2a2)
|                 |Q2a3 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q2a)
|                  |Q2a3a  Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, Uasilau,Ata language,PNG (Mother: Q2a3)
|                  |Q2a3b (Mother: Q2a3)
|                 |Q2a4 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q2a)
|                |Q2b 1500 Australia, Kalumburu (Mother: Q2)
|              |Q3 29500 B.C.E. (Mother: Q)
|               |Q3a 24500 B.C.E. PNGCoast,Oceania (Mother: Q3)
|                |Q3a+C61T 21500 B.C.E. Oceania (Mother: Q3a)
|                 |Q3a1  PNGHigh (Mother: Q3a+C61T)
|               |Q3b 4000 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, West New Britain, Kove (Mother: Q3)
|            |M31 33500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M31a 28000 B.C.E. (Mother: M31)
|              |M31a1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: M31a)
|               |M31a1a  Andaman (Mother: M31a1)
|               |M31a1b 2500 B.C.E. Andaman,Onge (Mother: M31a1)
|              |M31a2 3000 B.C.E. India,Andaman (Mother: M31a)
|             |M31b'c 27500 B.C.E. (Mother: M31)
|              |M31b (Mother: M31b'c)
|               |M31b1 (Mother: M31b)
|               |M31b2 (Mother: M31b)
|              |M31c  Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M31b'c)
|            |M32'56 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M32 36500 B.C.E. (Mother: M32'56)
|              |M32a 5500 B.C.E. Andaman (Mother: M32)
|              |M32c 1500 (Mother: M32)
|             |M56 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: M32'56)
|            |M33 40500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M33a 27500 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M33)
|              |M33a1 27500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33a)
|               |M33a1a 5000 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M33a1)
|               |M33a1b 5500 B.C.E. Tadvi (Mother: M33a1)
|              |M33a2'3 24500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33a)
|               |M33a2 14000 B.C.E. Egypt,Siwa (Mother: M33a2'3)
|                |M33a2a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33a2)
|               |M33a3 22000 B.C.E. India,Hindu (Mother: M33a2'3)
|                |M33a3a 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33a3)
|             |M33+T16362C 37500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33)
|              |M33b 25000 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M33+T16362C)
|               |M33b1 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33b)
|               |M33b2 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: M33b)
|              |M33c 11000 B.C.E. Ashkenazi Jew (Mother: M33+T16362C)
|             |M33d 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M33)
|            |M34'57 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M34 25000 B.C.E. (Mother: M34'57)
|              |M34a 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: M34)
|               |M34a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M34a)
|                |M34a1a (Mother: M34a1)
|               |M34a2 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M34a)
|              |M34b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M34)
|             |M57 28500 B.C.E. (Mother: M34'57)
|              |M57+T152C! 25500 B.C.E. (Mother: M57)
|               |M57a 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: M57+T152C!)
|              |M57b 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: M57)
|               |M57b1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: M57b)
|            |M35 37500 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M)
|             |M35+T199C 34000 B.C.E. (Mother: M35)
|              |M35a 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35+T199C)
|               |M35a1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35a)
|                |M35a1a 3500 B.C.E. Mullukurun (Mother: M35a1)
|               |M35a2 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35a)
|              |M35b 22500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35+T199C)
|               |M35b+T16304C 19500 B.C.E. Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M35b)
|                |M35b1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M35b+T16304C)
|                |M35b2 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35b+T16304C)
|                |M35b3 (Mother: M35b+T16304C)
|               |M35b4 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35b)
|             |M35c 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M35)
|            |M36 30500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M36a 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M36)
|             |M36b 1500 (Mother: M36)
|             |M36c 700 (Mother: M36)
|             |M36d 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: M36)
|              |M36d1 400 (Mother: M36d)
|            |M39'70 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M39 25000 B.C.E. (Mother: M39'70)
|              |M39a 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: M39)
|               |M39a1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M39a)
|               |M39a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M39a)
|              |M39b 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M39)
|               |M39b1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: M39b)
|               |M39b2 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: M39b)
|              |M39c 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: M39)
|             |M70 500 (Mother: M39'70)
|            |M40 29500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M40a 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: M40)
|              |M40a1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: M40a)
|               |M40a1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: M40a1)
|               |M40a1b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: M40a1)
|            |M42'74 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M42 46000 B.C.E. (Mother: M42'74)
|              |M42a 27000 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: M42)
|              |M42b 38500 B.C.E. (Mother: M42)
|               |M42b1 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: M42b)
|                |M42b1a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M42b1)
|               |M42b2 23000 B.C.E. (Mother: M42b)
|             |M74 33500 B.C.E. (Mother: M42'74)
|              |M74a 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: M74)
|              |M74b 23500 B.C.E. (Mother: M74)
|               |M74b1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: M74b)
|               |M74b2 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M74b)
|            |M44 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M44a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: M44)
|              |M44a1 1100 (Mother: M44a)
|            |M47 32000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|            |M48 29000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|            |M49 28500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M49a 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: M49)
|              |M49a1 (Mother: M49a)
|              |M49a2 (Mother: M49a)
|             |M49c 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: M49)
|              |M49c1 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: M49c)
|             |M49d 13500 B.C.E. India,Andhra Pradesh (Mother: M49)
|             |M49e 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: M49)
|              |M49e1 (Mother: M49e)
|            |M50 39000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M50a 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: M50)
|              |M50a1 (Mother: M50a)
|              |M50a2 (Mother: M50a)
|            |M52 33000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M52a 22500 B.C.E. (Mother: M52)
|              |M52a1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: M52a)
|               |M52a1a 100 (Mother: M52a1)
|               |M52a1b 1500 (Mother: M52a1)
|                |M52a1b1 (Mother: M52a1b)
|             |M52b 30000 B.C.E. (Mother: M52)
|              |M52b1  Nepal,Tharu (Mother: M52b)
|               |M52b1a (Mother: M52b1)
|            |M55'77 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M55  Melayu (Mother: M55'77)
|             |M77 (Mother: M55'77)
|            |M58 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|            |M59 26000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|            |M60 31500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M60a 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: M60)
|              |M60a1 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: M60a)
|              |M60a2 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: M60a)
|             |M60b 700 (Mother: M60)
|            |M62'68 38500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M62 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: M62'68)
|              |M62a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M62)
|              |M62b 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: M62)
|               |M62b+T204C 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: M62b)
|                |M62b1 (Mother: M62b+T204C)
|                 |M62b1a (Mother: M62b1)
|                  |M62b1a1 (Mother: M62b1a)
|                |M62b2 (Mother: M62b+T204C)
|             |M68 (Mother: M62'68)
|              |M68a (Mother: M68)
|               |M68a1 (Mother: M68a)
|                |M68a1a (Mother: M68a1)
|               |M68a2 (Mother: M68a)
|                |M68a2a (Mother: M68a2)
|            |M69 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M69a (Mother: M69)
|            |M71 33500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M71+C151T 30000 B.C.E. (Mother: M71)
|              |M71a 30000 B.C.E. China (Mother: M71+C151T)
|               |M71a1 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: M71a)
|                |M71a1a 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: M71a1)
|               |M71a2 5000 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: M71a)
|              |M71b 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: M71+C151T)
|             |M71c 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: M71)
|            |M72 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M72a 8500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: M72)
|            |M73'79 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M73 31500 B.C.E. (Mother: M73'79)
|              |M73a 22000 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: M73)
|               |M73a1 12500 B.C.E. Viet Nam (Mother: M73a)
|              |M73b 8000 B.C.E. Indonesia (Mother: M73)
|             |M79 (Mother: M73'79)
|            |M76 29500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M76a 800 (Mother: M76)
|            |M81 29000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|            |M91 29000 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M91a (Mother: M91)
|             |M91b (Mother: M91)
|            |M80'D 44500 B.C.E. (Mother: M)
|             |M80 (Mother: M80'D)
|             |D 36500 B.C.E. East Eurasia, Choctaw, Korea, Japan, Mexico, Venezuela (Mother: M80'D)
|              |D4 23000 B.C.E. (Mother: D)
|               |D1 15000 B.C.E. Beringia, Coreguaje (Mother: D4)
|                |D1a 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D1a)
|                 |D1a2 1500 South American Indian Guarani (Mother: D1a)
|                |D1b 500 Hispanic (Mother: D1)
|                |D1c 2000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: D1)
|                |D1d 600 (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1d1 1500 Hispanic (Mother: D1d)
|                 |D1d2 1500 (Mother: D1d)
|                |D1e 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1)
|                |D1f 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1f1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: D1f)
|                 |D1f2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: D1f)
|                 |D1f+T16189C! 10500 B.C.E. Native American, USA (Mother: D1f)
|                  |D1f3 (Mother: D1f+T16189C!)
|                |D1g 10000 B.C.E. Polynesia; Extinct Botocudos (Aimores) Indians, Brazil via slave trade (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1g1 1500 (Mother: D1g)
|                  |D1g1a (Mother: D1g1)
|                  |D1g1b (Mother: D1g1)
|                 |D1g+T16189C! 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1g)
|                  |D1g2 (Mother: D1g+T16189C!)
|                   |D1g2a (Mother: D1g2)
|                  |D1g5 (Mother: D1g+T16189C!)
|                 |D1g3 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1g)
|                 |D1g4 1500 (Mother: D1g)
|                 |D1g6 1500 (Mother: D1g)
|                |D1h 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1h1 (Mother: D1h)
|                 |D1h2 (Mother: D1h)
|                |D1i 9000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1i1 (Mother: D1i)
|                 |D1i2 (Mother: D1i)
|                |D1j 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1)
|                 |D1j1 (Mother: D1j)
|                  |D1j1a (Mother: D1j1)
|                   |D1j1a1 (Mother: D1j1a)
|                   |D1j1a2 (Mother: D1j1a)
|                |D1k 12000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: D1)
|                |D1m 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: D1)
|                |D1n 12000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: D1)
|               |D4a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4a1 6000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a)
|                 |D4a1a 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1)
|                  |D4a1a1 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1a)
|                   |D4a1a1a 1200 Japan (Mother: D4a1a1)
|                 |D4a1b 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1)
|                  |D4a1b1 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1b)
|                 |D4a1c 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1)
|                 |D4a1d 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1)
|                 |D4a1e 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a1)
|                  |D4a1e1 1500 Japan (Mother: D4a1e)
|                 |D4a1f 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1)
|                  |D4a1f1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a1f)
|                 |D4a1g 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a1)
|                 |D4a1h 3000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a1)
|                |D4a2 6500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a)
|                 |D4a2a 800 Japan (Mother: D4a2)
|                 |D4a2b 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a2)
|                |D4a3 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a)
|                 |D4a3a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a3)
|                  |D4a3a1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a3a)
|                  |D4a3a2 1500 Japan (Mother: D4a3a)
|                 |D4a3b 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a3)
|                  |D4a3b1 100 (Mother: D4a3b)
|                  |D4a3b2 100 China (Mother: D4a3b)
|                |D4a+C16294T 10000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4a)
|                 |D4a4  Japan,Asia (Mother: D4a+C16294T)
|                |D4a5 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a)
|                |D4a6 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a)
|                |D4a7 1500 (Mother: D4a)
|                |D4a8 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4a)
|               |D4b 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4b1 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b)
|                 |D4b1a 16000 B.C.E. Inupiat, Alaska North Slope (Mother: D4b1)
|                  |D4b1a1 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b1a)
|                   |D4b1a1a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b1a1)
|                  |D4b1a2 12000 B.C.E. Russia, Taimyr Peninsula (Mother: D4b1a)
|                   |D4b1a2a 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b1a2)
|                    |D4b1a2a1 6000 B.C.E. Canadian Inuit (Mother: D4b1a2a)
|                    |D4b1a2a2 1500 B.C.E. Russia, South Central Siberia (Mother: D4b1a2a)
|                 |D4b1b'd 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b1)
|                  |D4b1b 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b1b'd)
|                   |D4b1b1 6000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b1b)
|                    |D4b1b1a 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b1b1)
|                     |D4b1b1a1 1100 Japan (Mother: D4b1b1a)
|                   |D4b1b2 7500 B.C.E. Japan,China (Mother: D4b1b)
|                  |D4b1d (Mother: D4b1b'd)
|                 |D4b1c 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b1)
|                  |D3 700 Russia, North-East Siberia, Inuit (Mother: D4b1c)
|                |D4b2 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b)
|                 |D4b2a 12500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2)
|                  |D4b2a1 400 Japan (Mother: D4b2a)
|                  |D4b2a2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2a)
|                   |D4b2a2a 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2a2)
|                    |D4b2a2a1 1300 Japan (Mother: D4b2a2a)
|                    |D4b2a2a2 1300 Japan (Mother: D4b2a2a)
|                   |D4b2a2b 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2a2)
|                 |D4b2b 11000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2)
|                  |D4b2b1 6000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2b)
|                   |D4b2b1a 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2b1)
|                   |D4b2b1b 600 Japan (Mother: D4b2b1)
|                   |D4b2b1c 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b1)
|                   |D4b2b1+T146C! 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2b1)
|                    |D4b2b1d (Mother: D4b2b1+T146C!)
|                  |D4b2b2 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b)
|                   |D4b2b2a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b2)
|                    |D4b2b2a1  Japan (Mother: D4b2b2a)
|                   |D4b2b2b 1500 (Mother: D4b2b2)
|                   |D4b2b2c 1500 (Mother: D4b2b2)
|                  |D4b2b3 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4b2b)
|                  |D4b2b4 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b)
|                  |D4b2b5 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b)
|                  |D4b2b6 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b)
|                  |D4b2b7 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4b2b)
|                 |D4b2d 700 (Mother: D4b2)
|               |D4c 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4c1 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4c)
|                 |D4c1a 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4c1)
|                  |D4c1a1 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4c1a)
|                 |D4c1b 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4c1)
|                  |D4c1b1 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4c1b)
|                  |D4c1b2 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4c1b)
|                |D4c2 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4c)
|                 |D4c2a 800 (Mother: D4c2)
|                 |D4c2b 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4c2)
|                 |D4c2c 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4c2)
|               |D4d 1500 Japan (Mother: D4)
|               |D4e 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4e1'3 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e)
|                 |D4e1 13500 B.C.E. Mexican American (Mother: D4e1'3)
|                  |D4e1a 7000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e1)
|                   |D4e1a1 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e1a)
|                   |D4e1a2 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e1a)
|                    |D4e1a2a 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e1a2)
|                   |D4e1a3 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e1a)
|                  |D4e1c 10000 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: D4e1)
|                  |D2 10000 B.C.E. Aleut, Commander Islands, Eskimo, Siberia (Mother: D4e1)
|                   |D2a'b 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D2)
|                    |D2a 4000 B.C.E. Russia, NaDene, Inuit (Mother: D2a'b)
|                     |D2a1 2500 B.C.E. Greenland, Disco Bay, Aleut Islanders, northernmost Eskimos, Saqqaq Ancient sample, Middle Dorset ancient sample (Mother: D2a)
|                      |D2a1a 1000 B.C.E. Russia, Aleut, Commander Islands (Mother: D2a1)
|                      |D2a1b 1000 Russia,Siblnuit (Mother: D2a1)
|                     |D2a2 1000 B.C.E. Russia, Chukotka, Chukchi, Eskimo (Mother: D2a)
|                    |D2b 5000 B.C.E. Aleut, Derbeneva, Russia (Mother: D2a'b)
|                     |D2b1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: D2b)
|                      |D2b1a 500 B.C.E. Russia, South Siberia (Mother: D2b1)
|                     |D2b2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: D2b)
|                   |D2c 1500 Eskimo (Mother: D2)
|                 |D4e3 (Mother: D4e1'3)
|                |D4e2 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e)
|                 |D4e2a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e2)
|                 |D4e2b 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e2)
|                 |D4e2c 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e2)
|                 |D4e2d 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4e2)
|                |D4e4 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e)
|                 |D4e4a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e4)
|                  |D4e4a1 900 (Mother: D4e4a)
|                 |D4e4b 500 (Mother: D4e4)
|                |D4e5 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e)
|                 |D4e5a 1200 Japan (Mother: D4e5)
|                 |D4e5b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4e5)
|               |D4f 16000 B.C.E. Shortci (Mother: D4)
|                |D4f1 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4f)
|               |D4g 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4g1 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4g)
|                 |D4g1a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4g1)
|                 |D4g1b 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4g1)
|                 |D4g1c 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4g1)
|                |D4g2 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4g)
|                 |D4g2a 15000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4g2)
|                  |D4g2a1 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4g2a)
|                   |D4g2a1a 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4g2a1)
|                   |D4g2a1b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4g2a1)
|                   |D4g2a1c 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4g2a1)
|                 |D4g2b 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4g2)
|                  |D4g2b1 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4g2b)
|                   |D4g2b1a  Japan (Mother: D4g2b1)
|               |D4h 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4h1 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4h)
|                 |D4h1a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4h1)
|                  |D4h1a1 500 Japan (Mother: D4h1a)
|                  |D4h1a2  Japan (Mother: D4h1a)
|                 |D4h1b 5000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4h1)
|                 |D4h1c 300 (Mother: D4h1)
|                  |D4h1c1 (Mother: D4h1c)
|                 |D4h1d 1500 (Mother: D4h1)
|                |D4h2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4h)
|                |D4h3 16500 B.C.E. Beringia (Mother: D4h)
|                 |D4h3a 11000 B.C.E. Brazil, Maranhao, Mexican American (Mother: D4h3)
|                  |D4h3a1 8500 B.C.E. Chile, Atacama (Mother: D4h3a)
|                   |D4h3a1a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4h3a1)
|                    |D4h3a1a1 1500 B.C.E. Chile, Bio-Bio (Mother: D4h3a1a)
|                    |D4h3a1a2 2000 B.C.E. Chile, Bio-Bio (Mother: D4h3a1a)
|                  |D4h3a2 8500 B.C.E. Chile, Bio-Bio (Mother: D4h3a)
|                  |D4h3a3 11000 B.C.E. Chile, Tarapaca (Mother: D4h3a)
|                   |D4h3a3a 8000 B.C.E. Mexico, Chihuahua (Mother: D4h3a3)
|                  |D4h3a4 500 Peru, Arequipa (Mother: D4h3a)
|                  |D4h3a5 9500 B.C.E. Chile, Maule (Mother: D4h3a)
|                  |D4h3a6 1500 Peru, Arequipa (Mother: D4h3a)
|                  |D4h3a+C152T!! 8000 B.C.E. Mexico, Sonora (Mother: D4h3a)
|                   |D4h3a7  British Columbia (Mother: D4h3a+C152T!!)
|                   |D4h3a8  Mexico (Mother: D4h3a+C152T!!)
|                   |D4h3a9  Peru, Loreto (Mother: D4h3a+C152T!!)
|                 |D4h3b 1500 China, Shandong (Mother: D4h3)
|                |D4h4 16500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4h)
|                 |D4h4a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4h4)
|               |D4i 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4i1 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4i)
|                |D4i2 4000 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: D4i)
|                |D4i3 1500 (Mother: D4i)
|               |D4j 11500 B.C.E. Japan,China (Mother: D4)
|                |D4j1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j1a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j1)
|                  |D4j1a1 0 (Mother: D4j1a)
|                   |D4j1a1a 1500 (Mother: D4j1a1)
|                   |D4j1a1b 1500 (Mother: D4j1a1)
|                  |D4j1a2 1500 (Mother: D4j1a)
|                 |D4j1b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j1)
|                  |D4j1b2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j1b)
|                |D4j2 2000 B.C.E. Lithuania (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j2a 100 Mansi (Mother: D4j2)
|                |D4j+T16311C! 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j3 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j+T16311C!)
|                  |D4j3a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j3)
|                   |D4j3a1 1500 (Mother: D4j3a)
|                 |D4j11 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j+T16311C!)
|                |D4j4 1000 B.C.E. Russia, Taimyr Peninsula (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j4a 900 (Mother: D4j4)
|                |D4j5 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j5a 1500 Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: D4j5)
|                |D4j+T146C! 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j6 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j+T146C!)
|                 |D4j13 (Mother: D4j+T146C!)
|                |D4j7 4000 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Altai (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j7a 800 (Mother: D4j7)
|                |D4j8 2500 B.C.E. Russia, South Central Siberia (Mother: D4j)
|                |D4j+(C16286T) 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                 |D4j9 500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j+(C16286T))
|                |D4j10 500 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Altai (Mother: D4j)
|                |D4j12 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                |D4j14 8500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4j)
|                |D4j15 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|                |D4j16 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4j)
|               |D4+T195C! 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4k 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4+T195C!)
|                |D4o 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4+T195C!)
|                 |D4o1 5500 B.C.E. Russia, North-East Altai (Mother: D4o)
|                  |D4o1a 3000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4o1)
|                 |D4o2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4o)
|                  |D4o2a 1500 Ulchi (Mother: D4o2)
|                   |D4o2a1  Russia, Russian Far East (Mother: D4o2a)
|                |D4p 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4+T195C!)
|                 |D4p1 1400 Japan (Mother: D4p)
|               |D4l 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4l1 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4l)
|                 |D4l1a 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4l1)
|                  |D4l1a1 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4l1a)
|                |D4l2 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4l)
|                 |D4l2a 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4l2)
|                  |D4l2a1 (Mother: D4l2a)
|                  |D4l2a2  Russia, North-East Altai (Mother: D4l2a)
|                 |D4l2b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4l2)
|               |D4m 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4m1 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4m)
|                |D4m2 7000 B.C.E. Tuvinian (Mother: D4m)
|                 |D4m2a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D4m2)
|                  |D4m2a1  Tuvinian (Mother: D4m2a)
|                   |D4m2a1a (Mother: D4m2a1)
|               |D4n 6500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4)
|                |D4n1 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D4n)
|                 |D4n1a 1000 Japan (Mother: D4n1)
|                |D4n2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4n)
|               |D4q 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|                |D4q1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4q)
|                 |D4q1a 900 (Mother: D4q1)
|               |D4s 12000 B.C.E. Tuvinian (Mother: D4)
|               |D4t 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: D4)
|              |D+T16189C! 33500 B.C.E. (Mother: D)
|               |D5 29000 B.C.E. (Mother: D+T16189C!)
|                |D5a'b 26000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5)
|                 |D5a 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a'b)
|                  |D5a1 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5a)
|                   |D5a1a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a1)
|                    |D5a1a1 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5a1a)
|                    |D5a1a2 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5a1a)
|                  |D5a2 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a)
|                   |D5a2a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a2)
|                    |D5a2a+T16092C 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a2a)
|                     |D5a2a1 7500 B.C.E. Tuvan (Mother: D5a2a+T16092C)
|                      |D5a2a1+C16172T! 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a2a1)
|                       |D5a2a1a 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5a2a1+C16172T!)
|                        |D5a2a1a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a2a1a)
|                         |D5a2a1a1a 1500 Japan (Mother: D5a2a1a1)
|                        |D5a2a1a2 700 Japan (Mother: D5a2a1a)
|                      |D5a2a1b 3000 B.C.E. China (Mother: D5a2a1)
|                       |D5a2a1b1 300 (Mother: D5a2a1b)
|                     |D5a2a2 100 Russia, North-East Siberia (Mother: D5a2a+T16092C)
|                   |D5a2b 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a2)
|                  |D5a3 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a)
|                   |D5a3a 700 (Mother: D5a3)
|                    |D5a3a1 1500 (Mother: D5a3a)
|                     |D5a3a1a  Mansi (Mother: D5a3a1)
|                 |D5b 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5a'b)
|                  |D5b1 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5b)
|                   |D5b1a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5b1)
|                    |D5b1a1 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5b1a)
|                    |D5b1a2 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5b1a)
|                   |D5b1b 7000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5b1)
|                    |D5b1b1 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: D5b1b)
|                    |D5b1b2 1500 Japan (Mother: D5b1b)
|                   |D5b1c 12000 B.C.E. China (Mother: D5b1)
|                    |D5b1c1 1500 (Mother: D5b1c)
|                     |D5b1c1a  Philippines (Mother: D5b1c1)
|                   |D5b1d 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5b1)
|                  |D5b2 1500 Japan (Mother: D5b)
|                  |D5b3 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: D5b)
|                   |D5b3a (Mother: D5b3)
|                    |D5b3a1 (Mother: D5b3a)
|                  |D5b4 1500 (Mother: D5b)
|                |D5c 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5)
|                 |D5c1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: D5c)
|                  |D5c1a 1500 Japan (Mother: D5c1)
|                 |D5c+T16311C! 12000 B.C.E. Mongolian (Mother: D5c)
|                  |D5c2 (Mother: D5c+T16311C!)
|               |D6 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: D+T16189C!)
|                |D6a 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: D6)
|                 |D6a1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: D6a)
|                  |D6a1a 1500 (Mother: D6a1)
|                 |D6a2 300 Philippines (Mother: D6a)
|                |D6c 9000 B.C.E. China (Mother: D6)
|                 |D6c1 5500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: D6c)
|                  |D6c1a (Mother: D6c1)
|           |N 57000 B.C.E. (Mother: L3)
|            |N1'5 54000 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |N1 50000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1'5)
|              |N1a 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: N1)
|               |N1a1'2 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a)
|                |N1a1 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a1'2)
|                 |N1a1a 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a1)
|                  |N1a1a+T152C! 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a1a)
|                   |N1a1a1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a1a+T152C!)
|                    |N1a1a1a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a1a1)
|                     |N1a1a1a1 1500 Czech Republic, West Bohemia (Mother: N1a1a1a)
|                      |N1a1a1a1a  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: N1a1a1a1)
|                     |N1a1a1a2 1500 (Mother: N1a1a1a)
|                     |N1a1a1a3 1500 (Mother: N1a1a1a)
|                    |N1a1a1b 1500 (Mother: N1a1a1)
|                   |N1a1a2 600 Russia, Volot (Mother: N1a1a+T152C!)
|                  |N1a1a3 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1a1a)
|                 |N1a1b 1200 (Mother: N1a1)
|                  |N1a1b1 (Mother: N1a1b)
|                  |I 19000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: N1a1b)
|                   |I1 13500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: I)
|                    |I1a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: I1)
|                     |I1a1 3500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: I1a)
|                      |I1a1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: I1a1)
|                       |I1a1a1 1500 (Mother: I1a1a)
|                       |I1a1a2 1500 Finland (Mother: I1a1a)
|                       |I1a1a3 1500 (Mother: I1a1a)
|                        |I1a1a3a (Mother: I1a1a3)
|                      |I1a1b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: I1a1)
|                      |I1a1c 500 (Mother: I1a1)
|                      |I1a1d 100 (Mother: I1a1)
|                      |I1a1e 500 B.C.E. (Mother: I1a1)
|                    |I1b 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: I1)
|                    |I1c 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: I1)
|                     |I1c1 100 (Mother: I1c)
|                      |I1c1a (Mother: I1c1)
|                    |I1d 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I1)
|                    |I1e 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I1)
|                    |I1f 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I1)
|                   |I2'3 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: I)
|                    |I2 4500 B.C.E. Celtic - Irish/Scottish; (Mother: I2'3)
|                     |I2a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: I2)
|                      |I2a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: I2a)
|                       |I2a1a 1500 (Mother: I2a1)
|                      |I2a2 1400 (Mother: I2a)
|                      |I2a3 1500 (Mother: I2a)
|                     |I2b 700 Finland (Mother: I2)
|                     |I2c 500 B.C.E. (Mother: I2)
|                     |I2d 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: I2)
|                     |I2e 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: I2)
|                     |I2f 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: I2)
|                    |I3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: I2'3)
|                     |I3a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: I3)
|                      |I3a1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: I3a)
|                     |I3b 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I3)
|                     |I3c 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I3)
|                     |I3d 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I3)
|                      |I3d1 (Mother: I3d)
|                   |I4 13000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: I)
|                    |I4a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: I4)
|                     |I4a1 1500 Russia, South Siberia (Mother: I4a)
|                     |I4a2 1500 (Mother: I4a)
|                    |I4b 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: I4)
|                   |I5 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: I)
|                    |I5a 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: I5)
|                     |I5a1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: I5a)
|                      |I5a1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: I5a1)
|                      |I5a1b 300 Italy (Mother: I5a1)
|                      |I5a1c 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: I5a1)
|                     |I5a2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: I5a)
|                      |I5a2+T16086C (Mother: I5a2)
|                       |I5a2a (Mother: I5a2+T16086C)
|                     |I5a3 1500 (Mother: I5a)
|                     |I5a4 1500 (Mother: I5a)
|                    |I5b 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: I5)
|                     |I5b1 (Mother: I5b)
|                    |I5c 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: I5)
|                     |I5c1 (Mother: I5c)
|                   |I6 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: I)
|                    |I6a  Europe (Mother: I6)
|                    |I6b (Mother: I6)
|                   |I7 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: I)
|                |N1a2  India (Mother: N1a1'2)
|               |N1a3 1500 (Mother: N1a)
|                |N1a3a (Mother: N1a3)
|                 |N1a3a1 (Mother: N1a3a)
|                  |N1a3a1a (Mother: N1a3a1)
|                 |N1a3a2 (Mother: N1a3a)
|                 |N1a3a3  Italy (Mother: N1a3a)
|              |N1b 18000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: N1)
|               |N1b1 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b)
|                |N1b1a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1)
|                 |N1b1a1 1500 (Mother: N1b1a)
|                 |N1b1a2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1a)
|                  |N1b1a2a (Mother: N1b1a2)
|                  |N1b1a2b (Mother: N1b1a2)
|                 |N1b1a3 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1a)
|                 |N1b1a+G16129A! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1a)
|                  |N1b1a4  Italy (Mother: N1b1a+G16129A!)
|                   |N1b1a4a (Mother: N1b1a4)
|                 |N1b1a5 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1a)
|                 |N1b1a6 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1a)
|                 |N1b1a+T195C! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1a)
|                  |N1b1a7 (Mother: N1b1a+T195C!)
|                  |N1b1a8 (Mother: N1b1a+T195C!)
|                   |N1b1a8a  Tunisia (Mother: N1b1a8)
|                   |N1b1a8b (Mother: N1b1a8)
|                |N1b1b 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1)
|                 |N1b1b1 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: N1b1b)
|               |N1b2 800 (Mother: N1b)
|             |N5 35000 B.C.E. India (Mother: N1'5)
|              |N5a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: N5)
|            |N2 42500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: N)
|             |N2a 22000 B.C.E. Russia, Mayramakan, Turkey (Mother: N2)
|              |N2a1 15500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: N2a)
|              |N2a2 18500 B.C.E. Greece, Aromanian (Mother: N2a)
|             |W 16000 B.C.E. Northwest India (Mother: N2)
|              |W1 8500 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W)
|               |W1a 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: W1)
|               |W1b 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: W1)
|                |W1b1 400 Finland (Mother: W1b)
|               |W1+T119C 5500 B.C.E. Lithuania (Mother: W1)
|                |W1c 6000 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W1+T119C)
|                 |W1c1 1000 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: W1c)
|                |W1i  Russia, Adygei (Mother: W1+T119C)
|               |W1d 14000 B.C.E. Iraq (Mother: W1)
|               |W1e 4000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: W1)
|                |W1e1 2500 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: W1e)
|                 |W1e1a 700 Italy (Mother: W1e1)
|               |W1f 5500 B.C.E. Austria (Mother: W1)
|               |W1g 100 Czech Republic (Mother: W1)
|               |W1h 5500 B.C.E. Lithuania (Mother: W1)
|                |W1h1 200 Russia Ashkenazi (Mother: W1h)
|              |W+C194T 13000 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W)
|               |W3 12500 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W+C194T)
|                |W3a 11000 B.C.E. Central Asia (Mother: W3)
|                 |W3a1 9500 B.C.E. Central Asia (Mother: W3a)
|                  |W3a1a 9000 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: W3a1)
|                   |W3a1a1 8000 B.C.E. Ukraine (Mother: W3a1a)
|                   |W3a1a2 2500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: W3a1a)
|                   |W3a1a3 5500 B.C.E. British Isles (Mother: W3a1a)
|                  |W3a1b 1500 B.C.E. India (Mother: W3a1)
|                  |W3a1+T199C 6500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: W3a1)
|                   |W3a1c 7500 B.C.E. Britain (Mother: W3a1+T199C)
|                   |W3a1d 2000 B.C.E. Estonia (Mother: W3a1+T199C)
|                 |W3a2 4000 B.C.E. Azerbaijan (Mother: W3a)
|                |W3b 7500 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W3)
|                 |W3b1 500 Lithuania (Mother: W3b)
|               |W4 9500 B.C.E. Central Asia (Mother: W+C194T)
|                |W4a 8000 B.C.E. Central Asia (Mother: W4)
|                 |W4a1 1500 B.C.E. Sweden (Mother: W4a)
|                |W4b 6500 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W4)
|                |W4c 6500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: W4)
|                |W4d 6500 B.C.E. Iran (Mother: W4)
|               |W5 9500 B.C.E. Central Europe (Mother: W+C194T)
|                |W5a 5500 B.C.E. Central Europe (Mother: W5)
|                 |W5a1 2200 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: W5a)
|                  |W5a1a 1700 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: W5a1)
|                   |W5a1a1 1200 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: W5a1a)
|                    |W5a1a1a 1200 Britain (Mother: W5a1a1)
|                 |W5a2 2000 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: W5a)
|                  |W5a2b 1000 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: W5a2)
|                |W5b 5500 B.C.E. Denmark (Mother: W5)
|                 |W5b1 1000 B.C.E. Denmark (Mother: W5b)
|                  |W5b1a 100 Denmark (Mother: W5b1)
|               |W6 9000 B.C.E. Georgia (Mother: W+C194T)
|                |W6a 4500 B.C.E. Georgia (Mother: W6)
|                |W6b 5500 B.C.E. Eurasian steppes (Mother: W6)
|                 |W6b1 2500 B.C.E. Iran (Mother: W6b)
|                |W6c 6500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: W6)
|                 |W6c1 3500 B.C.E. Armenia (Mother: W6c)
|                  |W6c1a 1000 B.C.E. Armenia (Mother: W6c1)
|                |W6d 6000 B.C.E. Iran (Mother: W6)
|               |W7 7500 B.C.E. Armenia (Mother: W+C194T)
|               |W8 8000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: W+C194T)
|               |W9 3000 B.C.E. Turkey (Mother: W+C194T)
|            |N3 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |N3a 1500 (Mother: N3)
|              |N3a1 (Mother: N3a)
|             |N3b 1500 (Mother: N3)
|            |N7 32000 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |N7a (Mother: N7)
|              |N7a1 (Mother: N7a)
|              |N7a2 (Mother: N7a)
|             |N7b (Mother: N7)
|            |N8 19500 B.C.E. China (Mother: N)
|            |N9 44000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: N)
|             |N9a 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9)
|              |N9a1'3 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a)
|               |N9a1 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a1'3)
|                |N9a1a 2500 B.C.E. China (Mother: N9a1)
|               |N9a3 6500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a1'3)
|              |N9a2'4'5'11 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a)
|               |N9a2 8500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a2'4'5'11)
|                |N9a2a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a2)
|                 |N9a2a1 1500 Japan (Mother: N9a2a)
|                 |N9a2a2 1500 Japan (Mother: N9a2a)
|                 |N9a2a3 1500 (Mother: N9a2a)
|                |N9a2c 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a2)
|                |N9a2d 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a2)
|               |N9a4 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a2'4'5'11)
|                |N9a4a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a4)
|                |N9a4b 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a4)
|                 |N9a4b1  Japan (Mother: N9a4b)
|               |N9a5 5000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a2'4'5'11)
|               |N9a11 (Mother: N9a2'4'5'11)
|              |N9a6 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a)
|               |N9a6a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a6)
|               |N9a6b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a6)
|              |N9a7 9500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a)
|              |N9a8 9500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9a)
|              |N9a9 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a)
|              |N9a10 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a)
|               |N9a10a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a10)
|                |N9a10a1 (Mother: N9a10a)
|                |N9a10a2 (Mother: N9a10a)
|                 |N9a10a2a (Mother: N9a10a2)
|               |N9a10+T16311C! 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: N9a10)
|                |N9a10b (Mother: N9a10+T16311C!)
|             |N9b 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: N9)
|              |N9b1 10000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b)
|               |N9b1a 9000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b1)
|               |N9b1b 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b1)
|               |N9b1c 5000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b1)
|                |N9b1c1 4000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b1c)
|              |N9b2 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: N9b)
|               |N9b2a 8500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b2)
|              |N9b3 6000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b)
|              |N9b4 7000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: N9b)
|             |Y 23000 B.C.E. East Eurasia (Mother: N9)
|              |Y1 13000 B.C.E. Russia, South Siberia (Mother: Y)
|               |Y1a 5500 B.C.E. Mongolian (Mother: Y1)
|                |Y1a1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: Y1a)
|                |Y1a+T16189C! 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: Y1a)
|                 |Y1a2  Russia, Magadan region (Mother: Y1a+T16189C!)
|               |Y1b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: Y1)
|                |Y1b1 4500 B.C.E. China (Mother: Y1b)
|                 |Y1b1a  Japan (Mother: Y1b1)
|              |Y2 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: Y)
|               |Y2a 3000 B.C.E. Taiwan,Saisiat tribe (Mother: Y2)
|                |Y2a1 500 B.C.E. Indonesia (Mother: Y2a)
|                 |Y2a1a 1500 (Mother: Y2a1)
|               |Y2b 300 Japan (Mother: Y2)
|            |N10 48500 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |N10a 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: N10)
|             |N10b 1500 (Mother: N10)
|            |N11 54500 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |N11a 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: N11)
|              |N11a1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: N11a)
|              |N11a2 1000 (Mother: N11a)
|             |N11b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: N11)
|            |N13 16500 B.C.E. Australia, Kalumburu (Mother: N)
|            |N14 26000 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: N)
|            |N21 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |N21+T195C! 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: N21)
|              |N21a (Mother: N21+T195C!)
|            |N22 23500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: N)
|             |N22a 7500 B.C.E. Aboriginal Malayu Temuan (Mother: N22)
|            |A 22500 B.C.E. Middle East, Cherokee, Huron, PeeDee, Panama, Manitoba, Alaska, Mi’kmaq, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Cuba, Nicaragua, Kuna-Panama, Cree, Chippewa, Guatemaula, Brazil, British Colombia, Honduras, Choctaw found in the Haplogroup A project at Family Tree DNA, Anzic (Mother: N)
|             |A+T152C! 19500 B.C.E. China (Mother: A)
|              |A+T152C! +T16362C (Mother: A+T152C!)
|               |A1  Japan, Mexican (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|                |A1a  Russia, Velikij Novgorod,Japan (Mother: A1)
|                 |A1a1  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A1a)
|               |A2 14000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Beringia, Mexican (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|                |A2a 3000 B.C.E. Chukotkan Inuit, Circumpolar Siberia to Greenland (Mother: A2)
|                 |A2a1 500 Canadian Inuit, Selkup, Innuit (Mother: A2a)
|                 |A2a2  Chukotkan Inuit, Chukchu, Inuit, Eskimos, Naukan (Mother: A2a)
|                 |A2a3 500 Canadian Inuit, northern North America, Birnirk (ancient sample), Chukchi, Naukan, Inuit in Canada, Greenland (Mother: A2a)
|                 |A2a4 1500 Navajo (Mother: A2a)
|                 |A2a5 1500 Navajo, Apache, Cree, Secwepemc (Mother: A2a)
|                |A2b 4000 B.C.E. Inupiat, Alaska North Slope (Mother: A2)
|                 |A2b1 1000 B.C.E. Greenland, Ammassalik Municipality (Mother: A2b)
|                |A2+(C64T) 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2)
|                 |A2c (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2d 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2d1 2000 B.C.E. El Salvador (Mother: A2d)
|                   |A2d1a 1500 Hispanic (Mother: A2d1)
|                  |A2d2 5500 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: A2d)
|                 |A2+(C64T) +G153A! (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2e (Mother: A2+(C64T) +G153A!)
|                  |A2ao (Mother: A2+(C64T) +G153A!)
|                   |A2ao1 (Mother: A2ao)
|                 |A2f 1100 (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2f1 1500 Newfoundland (Mother: A2f)
|                   |A2f1a  Native American, USA, New Brunswick, Chippewa, Nova Scotia, Ojibwa, Mi’kmaq (Mother: A2f1)
|                  |A2f2 1500 (Mother: A2f)
|                  |A2f3 1500 (Mother: A2f)
|                 |A2g 2500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Mexico (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2g1 1500 Hispanic, Mexico, Asia, New Mexico (Mother: A2g)
|                 |A2h (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2h1  Mexico (Mother: A2h)
|                 |A2i 12500 B.C.E. Native American, USA (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2j 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2j1 1500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Hispanic (Mother: A2j)
|                 |A2k 10500 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2k1 5000 B.C.E. Mexico, Puerto Rico (Mother: A2k)
|                   |A2k1a 2000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: A2k1)
|                 |A2+(C64T) +T16111C!  Hispanic (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2l  Hispanic, Mexico (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16111C!)
|                  |A2m (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16111C!)
|                  |A2n 9500 B.C.E. Canada, Canada (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16111C!)
|                  |A2o  Hispanic (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16111C!)
|                  |A2ai (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16111C!)
|                  |A2aj (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16111C!)
|                 |A2+(C64T) +G16129A! (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2p  Meico (Mother: A2+(C64T) +G16129A!)
|                   |A2p1 (Mother: A2p)
|                   |A2p2 (Mother: A2p)
|                  |A2am  Hispanic (Mother: A2+(C64T) +G16129A!)
|                 |A2q 11500 B.C.E. Native American, USA, Mexico (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2q1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2q)
|                 |A2t 8000 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2u 6000 B.C.E. Guatemala (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2u1 1500 (Mother: A2u)
|                  |A2u2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2u)
|                 |A2v 7000 B.C.E. Guatemala (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2v1 3500 B.C.E. Mixteca-B (Mother: A2v)
|                   |A2v1+T152C!!! (Mother: A2v1)
|                    |A2v1a (Mother: A2v1+T152C!!!)
|                    |A2v1b (Mother: A2v1+T152C!!!)
|                 |A2w 6500 B.C.E. Mexico, Colombia (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2w1 500 B.C.E. Colombia (Mother: A2w)
|                 |A2x 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2y 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2aa (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2ab (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2ac  Columbia (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2ac1 (Mother: A2ac)
|                 |A2ad  Dominican Republic, Chitimacha, Louisiana, Panama (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2ad1 (Mother: A2ad)
|                  |A2ad2 (Mother: A2ad)
|                 |A2ae (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2af (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2af1 (Mother: A2af)
|                   |A2af1a (Mother: A2af1)
|                    |A2af1a1 (Mother: A2af1a)
|                    |A2af1a2 (Mother: A2af1a)
|                   |A2af1b (Mother: A2af1)
|                    |A2af1b1 (Mother: A2af1b)
|                     |A2af1b1a (Mother: A2af1b1)
|                     |A2af1b1b (Mother: A2af1b1)
|                    |A2af1b2 (Mother: A2af1b)
|                  |A2af2 (Mother: A2af)
|                 |A2ag  British Columbia (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2ah  British Columbia (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2ak (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2al (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2an (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                 |A2+(C64T) +T16189C! (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                  |A2ap (Mother: A2+(C64T) +T16189C!)
|                 |A2aq (Mother: A2+(C64T))
|                |A2r 7500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Mixteca-B, Guatemala (Mother: A2)
|                 |A2r1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: A2r)
|                |A2s 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: A2)
|                |A2z 900 Hispanic (Mother: A2)
|               |A6 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|                |A6a 6000 B.C.E. China,Tujia (Mother: A6)
|                |A6b 1500 (Mother: A6)
|               |A+T152C! +T16362C +T16189C! (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|                |A12  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C +T16189C!)
|                 |A12a  Russia, Krasnoyarsk Region,Mansi (Mother: A12)
|                |A23  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C +T16189C!)
|               |A+T152C! +T16362C +A200G  South Siberia (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|                |A13 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C +A200G)
|                |A14  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C +A200G)
|               |A15 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|                |A15a (Mother: A15)
|                |A15b  Japan, Ehime (Mother: A15)
|                |A15c (Mother: A15)
|                 |A15c1 (Mother: A15c)
|               |A16  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A17 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A18 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A19 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A20  Japan (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A21 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A22 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A24  Czech Republic, West Bohemia (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A25  Japan (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|               |A26 (Mother: A+T152C! +T16362C)
|              |A3 5000 B.C.E. Japan, Tokyo (Mother: A+T152C!)
|               |A3a 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A3)
|              |A7  Japan (Mother: A+T152C!)
|              |A9 (Mother: A+T152C!)
|              |A11 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: A+T152C!)
|               |A11a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: A11)
|               |A11+C16234T 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: A11)
|                |A11b 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: A11+C16234T)
|             |A5 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: A)
|              |A5a 6500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A5)
|               |A5a1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: A5a)
|                |A5a1a 4500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A5a1)
|                 |A5a1a1 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A5a1a)
|                  |A5a1a1a 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A5a1a1)
|                  |A5a1a1b 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A5a1a1)
|                 |A5a1a2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: A5a1a)
|                  |A5a1a2a 500 Japan (Mother: A5a1a2)
|                |A5a1b 3000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: A5a1)
|               |A5a2 200 Japan (Mother: A5a)
|               |A5a3 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: A5a)
|                |A5a3a  Japan (Mother: A5a3)
|               |A5a4 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: A5a)
|               |A5a5 3000 B.C.E. South Korea, Seoul (Mother: A5a)
|              |A5b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: A5)
|               |A5b1 1500 (Mother: A5b)
|                |A5b1a  Japan (Mother: A5b1)
|                |A5b1b (Mother: A5b1)
|                |A5b1c (Mother: A5b1)
|                 |A5b1c1 (Mother: A5b1c)
|              |A5c 1500 B.C.E. Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A5)
|               |A5c1 1500 Japan (Mother: A5c)
|             |A8 16500 B.C.E. Russia, Kamchatka Peninsula (Mother: A)
|              |A8a 10500 B.C.E. Russia, Siberia,Ket (Mother: A8)
|               |A8a1  Russia, South Siberia (Mother: A8a)
|             |A10 6000 B.C.E. Ancient West Siberia (Mother: A)
|            |O 50500 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: N)
|             |O1 15000 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: O)
|              |O1a 8500 B.C.E. Australian (Mother: O1)
|            |S 51500 B.C.E. Australo-Melanesia (Mother: N)
|             |S1 45500 B.C.E. Australia,from Aborigine (Mother: S)
|              |S1a  Australia (Mother: S1)
|             |S2 37000 B.C.E. Australia,from Aborigine,Australian (Mother: S)
|             |S+T152C! 48500 B.C.E. (Mother: S)
|              |S3 500 B.C.E. (Mother: S+T152C!)
|              |S4  Australia (Mother: S+T152C!)
|              |S5  Australia, Kalumburu (Mother: S+T152C!)
|            |X 30000 B.C.E. Middle East, Ancient DNA Washington State (Mother: N)
|             |X1'2'3 27000 B.C.E. (Mother: X)
|              |X1'3 (Mother: X1'2'3)
|               |X1 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: X1'3)
|                |X1a 9500 B.C.E. Middle East, Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: X1)
|                |X1c 12500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: X1)
|               |X3 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: X1'3)
|                |X3a 1000 (Mother: X3)
|              |X2 17500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: X1'2'3)
|               |X2+G225A 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2)
|                |X2a'j (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2a 11000 B.C.E. Beringia; Ijka, South America; Shuswap, North America (Mother: X2a'j)
|                  |X2a1 6000 B.C.E. Ojibwa, Chippewa (Mother: X2a)
|                   |X2a1a 5500 B.C.E. Native American, Oklahoma, Sioux (Mother: X2a1)
|                    |X2a1a1 2000 B.C.E. Sioux (Mother: X2a1a)
|                   |X2a1b 2500 B.C.E. Canada, Ojibwa, W Chippewa (Mother: X2a1)
|                    |X2a1b1 1000 B.C.E. Native American, Montana, USA (Mother: X2a1b)
|                     |X2a1b1a 1000 Native American, North Dakota, Chippewa (Mother: X2a1b1)
|                   |X2a1c 2000 B.C.E. Native American, Wisconsin, W Chippewa (Mother: X2a1)
|                  |X2a2 2500 B.C.E. Navajo, Navajo, Manawan in Quebec, Newfoundland Island, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Labrador (Mother: X2a)
|                 |X2j  Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: X2a'j)
|                |X2b'd (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2b 8000 B.C.E. France,, Europe (Mother: X2b'd)
|                  |X2b+T226C 5000 B.C.E. Ireland (Mother: X2b)
|                   |X2b1 2500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b2  Morocco (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b3  Sardinia,America, America (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b4 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                    |X2b4a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2b4)
|                     |X2b4a1 600 (Mother: X2b4a)
|                   |X2b5 500 (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b6 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                    |X2b6a 1500 (Mother: X2b6)
|                   |X2b7 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b8 (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b9  Finland (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b10 (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                    |X2b10a (Mother: X2b10)
|                   |X2b11 (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                   |X2b+T226C +C16192T (Mother: X2b+T226C)
|                    |X2b12 (Mother: X2b+T226C +C16192T)
|                    |X2b13 (Mother: X2b+T226C +C16192T)
|                 |X2d 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2b'd)
|                  |X2d1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2d)
|                   |X2d1a 1500 Hungaria, Hungary (Mother: X2d1)
|                  |X2d2 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2d)
|                |X2c 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2c1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2c)
|                  |X2c1a 300 (Mother: X2c1)
|                  |X2c1b 2000 B.C.E. Belgium (Mother: X2c1)
|                  |X2c1c 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2c1)
|                   |X2c1c1 1500 (Mother: X2c1c)
|                  |X2c1d 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2c1)
|                  |X2c1e 1500 (Mother: X2c1)
|                 |X2c2 4500 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: X2c)
|                |X2e 11500 B.C.E. Altai people, arrived from Caucusus in last 5000 years (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2e1 9000 B.C.E. Romania, Isle of Wight County, Virginia (Mother: X2e)
|                  |X2e1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2e1)
|                   |X2e1a1 (Mother: X2e1a)
|                  |X2e1b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2e1)
|                 |X2e2 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2e)
|                  |X2e2a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2e2)
|                   |X2e2a1 1000 B.C.E. Russia, South Siberia (Mother: X2e2a)
|                   |X2e2a2 1500 (Mother: X2e2a)
|                  |X2e2b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2e2)
|                   |X2e2b1 (Mother: X2e2b)
|                  |X2e2c 1500 (Mother: X2e2)
|                   |X2e2c1 (Mother: X2e2c)
|                |X2+G225A +G153A! (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2g  Canada, Ojibwa, Ojibwa (Mother: X2+G225A +G153A!)
|                 |X2l (Mother: X2+G225A +G153A!)
|                |X2+G225A +T16223C (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2h 300 (Mother: X2+G225A +T16223C)
|                |X2i 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2i+A225G! 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2i)
|                  |X2i1 (Mother: X2i+A225G!)
|                |X2m'n (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2m 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2m'n)
|                  |X2m1 8000 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: X2m)
|                  |X2m2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2m)
|                 |X2n  Italy (Mother: X2m'n)
|                |X2o (Mother: X2+G225A)
|                 |X2o1 (Mother: X2o)
|               |X2f 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2)
|                |X2f1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: X2f)
|               |X2k 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2)
|               |X2p 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: X2)
|                |X2p1 (Mother: X2p)
|             |X4 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: X)
|            |R 55000 B.C.E. (Mother: N)
|             |R0 38000 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R0a'b 25500 B.C.E. (Mother: R0)
|               |R0a  Middle East (Mother: R0a'b)
|                |R0a1 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a)
|                 |R0a1a 11000 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: R0a1)
|                  |R0a1a1 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a1a)
|                   |R0a1a1a 100 (Mother: R0a1a1)
|                  |R0a1a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a1a)
|                  |R0a1a3 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a1a)
|                  |R0a1a4 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a1a)
|                 |R0a1+T152C! 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a1)
|                  |R0a1b 600 Saudi Arabia (Mother: R0a1+T152C!)
|                |R0a+60.1T (Mother: R0a)
|                 |R0a2'3 (Mother: R0a+60.1T)
|                  |R0a2 12500 B.C.E. India (Mother: R0a2'3)
|                   |R0a2a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                    |R0a2a1 200 (Mother: R0a2a)
|                   |R0a2b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2c 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2d 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2e 400 Iberian Peninsula,Saudi Arabia (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2f 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                    |R0a2f1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2f)
|                     |R0a2f1a 700 (Mother: R0a2f1)
|                     |R0a2f1b 500 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2f1)
|                   |R0a2g 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2h 6500 B.C.E. Saudi Arabia (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2i 1000 B.C.E. Saudi Arabia (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2+T195C! 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                    |R0a2j 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2+T195C!)
|                   |R0a2k 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                    |R0a2k1 1500 (Mother: R0a2k)
|                   |R0a2l 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2m 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                   |R0a2n 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2)
|                  |R0a3 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a2'3)
|                   |R0a3a 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0a3)
|                 |R0a4 200 (Mother: R0a+60.1T)
|               |R0b (Mother: R0a'b)
|              |HV 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: R0)
|               |HV0 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|                |HV0a 9500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: HV0)
|                 |HV0a1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV0a)
|                  |HV0a1a 1100 (Mother: HV0a1)
|                 |V 8000 B.C.E. West Eurasia,European (Mother: HV0a)
|                  |V1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V1a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V1)
|                    |V1a1 3500 B.C.E. European (Mother: V1a)
|                     |V1a1a 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: V1a1)
|                      |V1a1a1 1500 (Mother: V1a1a)
|                     |V1a1b 2500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: V1a1)
|                   |V1b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V1)
|                  |V2 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V2a 4000 B.C.E. India (Mother: V2)
|                    |V2a1 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: V2a)
|                     |V2a1a 1000 European (Mother: V2a1)
|                   |V2b 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: V2)
|                    |V2b1 800 European (Mother: V2b)
|                    |V2b2 1500 (Mother: V2b)
|                   |V2c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: V2)
|                  |V3 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V3a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: V3)
|                    |V3a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: V3a)
|                   |V3b 500 B.C.E. European (Mother: V3)
|                   |V3c 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: V3)
|                  |V4 4500 B.C.E. European (Mother: V)
|                  |V5 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: V)
|                  |V6 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V7 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V7a 4500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: V7)
|                    |V7a1 400 Finland (Mother: V7a)
|                   |V7b 100 (Mother: V7)
|                  |V8 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V9 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V9a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: V9)
|                    |V9a1 500 B.C.E. Netherlands (Mother: V9a)
|                    |V9a2 700 (Mother: V9a)
|                  |V10 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V10a 700 (Mother: V10)
|                   |V10b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: V10)
|                    |V10b1 300 (Mother: V10b)
|                    |V10b2 300 (Mother: V10b)
|                  |V11 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V12 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: V)
|                  |V13 500 (Mother: V)
|                  |V14 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V15 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V15a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: V15)
|                  |V16 100 (Mother: V)
|                  |V17 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V18 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V18a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: V18)
|                  |V+C150T 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V19 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: V+C150T)
|                   |V22 (Mother: V+C150T)
|                  |V+C16298T! 5000 B.C.E. European (Mother: V)
|                   |V20 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: V+C16298T!)
|                  |V+C72T! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                   |V21 800 (Mother: V+C72T!)
|                  |V23 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V24 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V25 5000 B.C.E. Morocco, Berber (Mother: V)
|                  |V26 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V27 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                  |V28 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: V)
|                |HV0+T195C! 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV0)
|                 |HV0b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV0+T195C!)
|                 |HV0c 1500 B.C.E. England (Mother: HV0+T195C!)
|                 |HV0d 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV0+T195C!)
|                 |HV0e 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV0+T195C!)
|                 |HV0f 2000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: HV0+T195C!)
|                 |HV0g (Mother: HV0+T195C!)
|               |HV1 15000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: HV)
|                |HV1a'b'c 12000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: HV1)
|                 |HV1a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a'b'c)
|                  |HV1a1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a)
|                   |HV1a1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a1)
|                   |HV1a1b 0 Armenia, Turkey, Aintab (Mother: HV1a1)
|                  |HV1a2 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a)
|                   |HV1a2a 8000 B.C.E. Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: HV1a2)
|                   |HV1a2b 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a2)
|                  |HV1a3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a)
|                   |HV1a3a (Mother: HV1a3)
|                 |HV1b 13000 B.C.E. Israel,Italy (Mother: HV1a'b'c)
|                  |HV1b1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1b)
|                   |HV1b1a (Mother: HV1b1)
|                   |HV1b1b (Mother: HV1b1)
|                  |HV1b+T152C! 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1b)
|                   |HV1b2 500 Ashkenazi Jew;,Lithuania (Mother: HV1b+T152C!)
|                   |HV1b3 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1b+T152C!)
|                    |HV1b3a 1500 (Mother: HV1b3)
|                    |HV1b3b 1500 (Mother: HV1b3)
|                 |HV1c 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV1a'b'c)
|                |HV1d 1500 (Mother: HV1)
|               |HV+A73G! 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|                |HV2 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+A73G!)
|                 |HV2a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV2)
|                  |HV2a1 1500 Slovakia (Mother: HV2a)
|                  |HV2a2 1500 India (Mother: HV2a)
|                  |HV2a3 1500 (Mother: HV2a)
|                |HV20  Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: HV+A73G!)
|               |HV4 14000 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: HV)
|                |HV4a 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV4)
|                 |HV4a1 8000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: HV4a)
|                  |HV4a1+C16291T 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV4a1)
|                   |HV4a1a (Mother: HV4a1+C16291T)
|                    |HV4a1a1 (Mother: HV4a1a)
|                    |HV4a1a2 (Mother: HV4a1a)
|                    |HV4a1a3 (Mother: HV4a1a)
|                    |HV4a1a4 (Mother: HV4a1a)
|                 |HV4a2 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV4a)
|                  |HV4a2a 1500 (Mother: HV4a2)
|                  |HV4a2b 5000 B.C.E. Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: HV4a2)
|                |HV4b 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV4)
|                |HV4c 4500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: HV4)
|               |HV5 500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|                |HV5a 1500 Ashkenazi Jew;,Latvia (Mother: HV5)
|                |HV5b 1500 (Mother: HV5)
|               |HV+T16311C! 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|                |HV6 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                 |HV6a 500 Slovakia (Mother: HV6)
|                |HV7 3000 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV8 0 Slovakia (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV9 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                 |HV9+T152C! 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV9)
|                  |HV9a 3500 B.C.E. Czech Republic (Mother: HV9+T152C!)
|                   |HV9a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV9a)
|                    |HV9a1a 1500 (Mother: HV9a1)
|                 |HV9b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV9)
|                 |HV9c 200 (Mother: HV9)
|                |HV10 0 Hungary (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV11 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                 |HV11a 3000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: HV11)
|                |HV14 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                 |HV14a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV14)
|                |HV15 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV16 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV17  Czech Republic (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                 |HV17a  Czech Republic (Mother: HV17)
|                |HV22  Italy (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV23  Tunisia (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|                |HV24 (Mother: HV+T16311C!)
|               |HV12 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|                |HV12a 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: HV12)
|                 |HV12a1 1500 (Mother: HV12a)
|                |HV12b 9500 B.C.E. India (Mother: HV12)
|                 |HV12b1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV12b)
|                  |HV12b1a  India (Mother: HV12b1)
|               |HV13 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|                |HV13a 1500 (Mother: HV13)
|                |HV13b 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV13)
|               |HV18 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|               |HV19 11000 B.C.E. Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: HV)
|               |HV21 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: HV)
|               |H 11000 B.C.E. West Eurasia (Mother: HV)
|                |H1 8000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H)
|                 |H1a 4500 B.C.E. Europe, England (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1a1 2500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1a)
|                   |H1a1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1a1)
|                    |H1a1a1 900 European (Mother: H1a1a)
|                   |H1a1b 700 European (Mother: H1a1)
|                   |H1a1c 1000 (Mother: H1a1)
|                  |H1a2 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: H1a)
|                  |H1a3 3000 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: H1a)
|                   |H1a3a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1a3)
|                    |H1a3a1 700 (Mother: H1a3a)
|                    |H1a3a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1a3a)
|                    |H1a3a3 1500 Italy (Mother: H1a3a)
|                    |H1a3a4 1300 (Mother: H1a3a)
|                   |H1a3b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1a3)
|                    |H1a3b1 1500 (Mother: H1a3b)
|                   |H1a3c 500 B.C.E. England (Mother: H1a3)
|                    |H1a3c1 1500 (Mother: H1a3c)
|                   |H1a3d 200 (Mother: H1a3)
|                  |H1a4 400 (Mother: H1a)
|                  |H1a5 800 (Mother: H1a)
|                  |H1a6 1000 (Mother: H1a)
|                  |H1a7 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1a)
|                  |H1a8 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1a)
|                   |H1a8a (Mother: H1a8)
|                  |H1a9 1500 (Mother: H1a)
|                 |H1+T16189C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1b 4500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1b1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1b)
|                    |H1b1+T16362C 200 (Mother: H1b1)
|                     |H1b1a 1000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H1b1+T16362C)
|                     |H1b1b 1100 (Mother: H1b1+T16362C)
|                     |H1b1c 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1b1+T16362C)
|                     |H1b1d (Mother: H1b1+T16362C)
|                     |H1b1h 700 (Mother: H1b1+T16362C)
|                    |H1b1e 500 (Mother: H1b1)
|                     |H1b1e1 1500 (Mother: H1b1e)
|                    |H1b1f 900 (Mother: H1b1)
|                    |H1b1g 1500 (Mother: H1b1)
|                    |H1b1i 200 (Mother: H1b1)
|                   |H1b2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1b)
|                    |H1b2a 1300 (Mother: H1b2)
|                     |H1b2a1 (Mother: H1b2a)
|                   |H1b3 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1b)
|                   |H1b4 400 (Mother: H1b)
|                   |H1b5 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1b)
|                  |H1f 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1f+T16093C 1500 (Mother: H1f)
|                    |H1f1 600 Finland (Mother: H1f+T16093C)
|                     |H1f1a 600 (Mother: H1f1)
|                  |H1g 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1g1 600 (Mother: H1g)
|                   |H1g2 500 (Mother: H1g)
|                  |H1k 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1k1 1500 Germany, (Mother: H1k)
|                    |H1k1a 1000 Germany, (Mother: H1k1)
|                  |H1y 200 (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                  |H1z 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1z1 1500 (Mother: H1z)
|                  |H1aa (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1aa1 (Mother: H1aa)
|                  |H1ab 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                   |H1ab1 600 Italy (Mother: H1ab)
|                  |H1ac (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                  |H1ad 200 (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                  |H1cc (Mother: H1+T16189C!)
|                 |H1c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1c1 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1c)
|                   |H1c1a 800 European (Mother: H1c1)
|                    |H1c1a1 1500 (Mother: H1c1a)
|                   |H1c1b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c1)
|                   |H1c1c 1500 (Mother: H1c1)
|                   |H1c1+T16093C 1500 (Mother: H1c1)
|                    |H1c1d (Mother: H1c1+T16093C)
|                  |H1c2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                   |H1c2a 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1c2)
|                  |H1c3 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                   |H1c3a 600 (Mother: H1c3)
|                   |H1c3b 1000 (Mother: H1c3)
|                  |H1c4 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                   |H1c4a 1000 (Mother: H1c4)
|                    |H1c4a1 1500 (Mother: H1c4a)
|                   |H1c4b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c4)
|                    |H1c4b1 900 (Mother: H1c4b)
|                  |H1c5 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1c)
|                   |H1c5a 200 (Mother: H1c5)
|                  |H1c6 400 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c7 400 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c8 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c+T152C! 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                   |H1c9 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c+T152C!)
|                    |H1c9a 300 (Mother: H1c9)
|                  |H1c10 1500 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c11 400 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c12 400 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c13 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c14 1500 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c15 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c16 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c17 400 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c18 1500 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c19 400 (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c20 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c21 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                  |H1c22 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1c)
|                 |H1e 6500 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1e1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e)
|                   |H1e1a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1)
|                    |H1e1a1 1200 (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a3 2000 B.C.E. Ireland (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a4 1300 (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a5 1500 (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a6 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a7 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1a)
|                    |H1e1a+C16278T! 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1a)
|                     |H1e1a8 (Mother: H1e1a+C16278T!)
|                   |H1e1b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1)
|                    |H1e1b1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1b)
|                     |H1e1b1a 1500 (Mother: H1e1b1)
|                     |H1e1b1b 1500 (Mother: H1e1b1)
|                   |H1e1c 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e1)
|                  |H1e2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e)
|                   |H1e2a 100 (Mother: H1e2)
|                   |H1e2b 800 (Mother: H1e2)
|                   |H1e2c 1500 Georgia (Mother: H1e2)
|                   |H1e2d 1500 (Mother: H1e2)
|                  |H1e+G16129A! 3500 B.C.E. Ireland (Mother: H1e)
|                   |H1e3 1000 (Mother: H1e+G16129A!)
|                  |H1e4 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e)
|                   |H1e4a 1000 Ashkenazi Jew; (Mother: H1e4)
|                  |H1e5 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e)
|                   |H1e5a 1500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H1e5)
|                   |H1e5b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e5)
|                  |H1e6 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e)
|                  |H1e7 3500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1e)
|                  |H1e8 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1e)
|                   |H1e8a (Mother: H1e8)
|                 |H1h 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1h1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1h)
|                  |H1h2 1500 (Mother: H1h)
|                 |H1+T152C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1i 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T152C!)
|                   |H1i1 1000 B.C.E. England (Mother: H1i)
|                   |H1i2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1i)
|                    |H1i2a 800 (Mother: H1i2)
|                  |H1an 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+T152C!)
|                   |H1an1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1an)
|                    |H1an1a 700 (Mother: H1an1)
|                   |H1an2 1500 (Mother: H1an)
|                  |H1bb 2500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1+T152C!)
|                 |H1j 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1j1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1j)
|                   |H1j1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1j1)
|                    |H1j1a1 900 (Mother: H1j1a)
|                    |H1j1a2 900 (Mother: H1j1a)
|                   |H1j1b 600 (Mother: H1j1)
|                   |H1j1c 200 (Mother: H1j1)
|                  |H1j2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1j)
|                   |H1j2a 1500 (Mother: H1j2)
|                  |H1j3 200 (Mother: H1j)
|                  |H1j4 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1j)
|                  |H1j5 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1j)
|                  |H1j6 1500 (Mother: H1j)
|                  |H1j7 1500 (Mother: H1j)
|                  |H1j8 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1j)
|                  |H1j9 500 (Mother: H1j)
|                 |H1m 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1m1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1m)
|                 |H1n 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1n+T146C! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1n)
|                   |H1n1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1n+T146C!)
|                    |H1n1a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1n1)
|                    |H1n1b 800 (Mother: H1n1)
|                   |H1n2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1n+T146C!)
|                   |H1n3 (Mother: H1n+T146C!)
|                   |H1n4 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1n+T146C!)
|                   |H1n+T146C! +T195C! (Mother: H1n+T146C!)
|                    |H1n5 (Mother: H1n+T146C! +T195C!)
|                  |H1n6 1500 (Mother: H1n)
|                 |H1+C16355T 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1o 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+C16355T)
|                  |H1ck (Mother: H1+C16355T)
|                 |H1p 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1q 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1q1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1q)
|                   |H1q1a 1500 (Mother: H1q1)
|                  |H1q2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1q)
|                  |H1q3 1500 (Mother: H1q)
|                 |H1r 4500 B.C.E. French (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1r1 1500 (Mother: H1r)
|                 |H1s 100 Sweden, Vastergotland (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1s1 1500 (Mother: H1s)
|                 |H1t 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1t1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1t)
|                   |H1t1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1t1)
|                    |H1t1a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1t1a)
|                  |H1t2 200 (Mother: H1t)
|                 |H1u 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1u1 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1u)
|                  |H1u2 1300 (Mother: H1u)
|                 |H1v 3500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1v1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1v)
|                   |H1v1a 1500 (Mother: H1v1)
|                   |H1v1b 1500 (Mother: H1v1)
|                 |H1w 100 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1x 900 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1ae 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ae1 200 (Mother: H1ae)
|                  |H1ae2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1ae)
|                   |H1ae2a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1ae2)
|                  |H1ae3 800 (Mother: H1ae)
|                   |H1ae3a 1500 (Mother: H1ae3)
|                 |H1af 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1af1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1af)
|                   |H1af1a 900 (Mother: H1af1)
|                   |H1af1b 1500 (Mother: H1af1)
|                  |H1af2 500 putative remains of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of (Mother: H1af)
|                 |H1ag 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ag1 900 (Mother: H1ag)
|                   |H1ag1a 1000 Europe (Mother: H1ag1)
|                   |H1ag1b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1ag1)
|                 |H1ah 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ah1 300 (Mother: H1ah)
|                  |H1ah2 1400 (Mother: H1ah)
|                 |H1ai 400 (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ai1 1500 (Mother: H1ai)
|                 |H1aj 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1aj1 100 (Mother: H1aj)
|                   |H1aj1a (Mother: H1aj1)
|                 |H1ak 2500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ak1 1000 (Mother: H1ak)
|                  |H1ak2 700 (Mother: H1ak)
|                 |H1am 100 (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1am1 1500 (Mother: H1am)
|                 |H1+C16278T! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ao 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+C16278T!)
|                   |H1ao1 2000 B.C.E. Portugal (Mother: H1ao)
|                  |H1cg (Mother: H1+C16278T!)
|                 |H1ap 900 (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ap1 1500 (Mother: H1ap)
|                 |H1aq 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1aq1 700 (Mother: H1aq)
|                 |H1ar 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ar1 900 (Mother: H1ar)
|                 |H1as 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1as1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1as)
|                   |H1as1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1as1)
|                  |H1as2 400 (Mother: H1as)
|                 |H1at 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1at1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1at)
|                   |H1at1a 1100 England (Mother: H1at1)
|                 |H1au 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1au1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1au)
|                   |H1au1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1au1)
|                   |H1au1b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1au1)
|                 |H1av 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1av1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1av)
|                   |H1av1a 1000 (Mother: H1av1)
|                 |H1aw 2500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1aw1 900 England: Croydon (Mother: H1aw)
|                 |H1ax 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ax1 200 (Mother: H1ax)
|                 |H1ay 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1az 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1ba 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1ba1 1000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H1ba)
|                 |H1bc 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bd 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1be 400 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1+C16239T 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1bf 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+C16239T)
|                   |H1bf1 500 (Mother: H1bf)
|                  |H1bg 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+C16239T)
|                  |H1bh 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1+C16239T)
|                  |H1ch (Mother: H1+C16239T)
|                 |H1bi 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bj 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bk 100 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bm 100 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bn 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bo 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bp 5000 B.C.E. Iraq (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bq 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1br 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bs 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bt 700 (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1bt1 1500 (Mother: H1bt)
|                 |H1bu 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bv 700 (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1bv1 1500 (Mother: H1bv)
|                 |H1bw 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bx 400 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1bz 1500 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1ca 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1+T16311C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                  |H1cd (Mother: H1+T16311C!)
|                 |H1cf 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1ci 1500 (Mother: H1)
|                 |H1cj 1500 (Mother: H1)
|                |H2 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H2a 9000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H2)
|                  |H2a1 6000 B.C.E. Middle East, Germany (Mother: H2a)
|                   |H2a1a 4500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H2a1)
|                    |H2a1a1 1200 (Mother: H2a1a)
|                    |H2a1a2 1200 (Mother: H2a1a)
|                   |H2a1b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a1)
|                    |H2a1b1 1000 (Mother: H2a1b)
|                    |H2a1b2 1500 (Mother: H2a1b)
|                   |H2a1c 200 (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1d 900 Irish (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1e 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a1)
|                    |H2a1e1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a1e)
|                     |H2a1e1a 1000 B.C.E. Denmark, Northern (Mother: H2a1e1)
|                      |H2a1e1a1 (Mother: H2a1e1a)
|                     |H2a1e1b 1500 (Mother: H2a1e1)
|                   |H2a1f 200 (Mother: H2a1)
|                    |H2a1f1 1500 (Mother: H2a1f)
|                    |H2a1f2 1500 (Mother: H2a1f)
|                   |H2a1g 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1i 600 (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1j 600 (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1k 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1m 600 (Mother: H2a1)
|                   |H2a1+T146C! 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a1)
|                    |H2a1n  Sweden (Mother: H2a1+T146C!)
|                  |H2a2 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a)
|                   |H2a2a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2)
|                    |H2a2a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2a)
|                     |H2a2a1a 1000 B.C.E. Sweden, Halland,Tolo (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1b 700 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1c 1500 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1d 700 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1e 1300 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1f 1300 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1g 1300 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                     |H2a2a1h 1300 (Mother: H2a2a1)
|                    |H2a2a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2a)
|                   |H2a2+(A16235G) 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2)
|                    |H2a2b 3500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H2a2+(A16235G))
|                     |H2a2b1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2b)
|                      |H2a2b1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2b1)
|                       |H2a2b1a1 200 (Mother: H2a2b1a)
|                     |H2a2b2 500 Russia (Mother: H2a2b)
|                     |H2a2b3 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: H2a2b)
|                     |H2a2b4 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2b)
|                     |H2a2b5 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a2b)
|                      |H2a2b5a (Mother: H2a2b5)
|                  |H2a3 3500 B.C.E. Dargin (Mother: H2a)
|                   |H2a3a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a3)
|                    |H2a3a1 (Mother: H2a3a)
|                   |H2a3b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a3)
|                  |H2a4 5500 B.C.E. Dargin (Mother: H2a)
|                  |H2a5 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a)
|                   |H2a5a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2a5)
|                    |H2a5a1 1500 (Mother: H2a5a)
|                     |H2a5a1a 1100 (Mother: H2a5a1)
|                     |H2a5a1b  Spain (Mother: H2a5a1)
|                   |H2a5b 400 (Mother: H2a5)
|                    |H2a5b1 400 (Mother: H2a5b)
|                    |H2a5b2 1500 (Mother: H2a5b)
|                 |H2+T152C! 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H2)
|                  |H2b 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2+T152C!)
|                  |H2c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2+T152C!)
|                   |H2c1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H2c)
|                |H3 7000 B.C.E. Europe, Spain (Mother: H)
|                 |H3+T152C! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T152C!)
|                   |H3a1 3000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H3a)
|                    |H3a1a 600 (Mother: H3a1)
|                  |H3g 4500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H3+T152C!)
|                   |H3g1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3g)
|                    |H3g1a 1500 (Mother: H3g1)
|                    |H3g1b 200 (Mother: H3g1)
|                   |H3g2 400 (Mother: H3g)
|                   |H3g3 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3g)
|                   |H3g4 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3g)
|                  |H3i 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T152C!)
|                   |H3i1 1000 Ireland,European (Mother: H3i)
|                  |H3j 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T152C!)
|                  |H3k 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T152C!)
|                   |H3k1 1000 (Mother: H3k)
|                    |H3k1a 1500 European (Mother: H3k1)
|                 |H3b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3b+G16129A! 3000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H3b)
|                   |H3b1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                    |H3b1a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3b1)
|                    |H3b1b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3b1)
|                     |H3b1b1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3b1b)
|                      |H3b1b1a 1500 (Mother: H3b1b1)
|                   |H3b2 300 European (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                   |H3b3 (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                   |H3b4 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                    |H3b4a 1500 (Mother: H3b4)
|                   |H3b5  Italy (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                   |H3b6 (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                    |H3b6a (Mother: H3b6)
|                   |H3b7 (Mother: H3b+G16129A!)
|                 |H3c 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3c1 5000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H3c)
|                  |H3c2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3c)
|                   |H3c2a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3c2)
|                    |H3c2a1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3c2a)
|                   |H3c2b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3c2)
|                    |H3c2b1 1500 (Mother: H3c2b)
|                   |H3c2c 400 (Mother: H3c2)
|                  |H3c3 1500 (Mother: H3c)
|                 |H3+A73G! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3d  Italy,European (Mother: H3+A73G!)
|                 |H3e 500 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3+T16311C! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3h 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T16311C!)
|                   |H3h1 400 (Mother: H3h)
|                   |H3h2 400 (Mother: H3h)
|                    |H3h2a 1500 Italy (Mother: H3h2)
|                   |H3h3 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3h)
|                    |H3h3a 700 (Mother: H3h3)
|                    |H3h3b 1000 (Mother: H3h3)
|                   |H3h4 1200 England (Mother: H3h)
|                   |H3h5 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3h)
|                   |H3h6 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3h)
|                   |H3h7 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3h)
|                  |H3m 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T16311C!)
|                  |H3n 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3+T16311C!)
|                 |H3p 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3q 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3q1 1100 (Mother: H3q)
|                 |H3r 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3r1 800 Italy (Mother: H3r)
|                 |H3s 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3t 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3u 5500 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3u1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3u)
|                 |H3v 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3v1 1100 (Mother: H3v)
|                  |H3v+T16093C 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3v)
|                   |H3v2 (Mother: H3v+T16093C)
|                 |H3w 1500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3x 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3x1 1200 Sardinia (Mother: H3x)
|                 |H3y 800 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3z 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3z1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3z)
|                  |H3z2 1500 (Mother: H3z)
|                 |H3aa 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ab 500 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ac 100 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ad 100 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ae 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3af 3000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ag 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3ag1 (Mother: H3ag)
|                 |H3ah 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ai 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3aj 100 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ak 3500 B.C.E. Caucasian (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3am 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3an 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ao 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3ao1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3ao)
|                 |H3ap 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3aq 100 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3ar 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3as 100 (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3at 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3at1 700 (Mother: H3at)
|                 |H3au 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                 |H3+T16189C! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H3)
|                  |H3av 1100 (Mother: H3+T16189C!)
|                |H4 9000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: H)
|                 |H4a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H4)
|                  |H4a1 7000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H4a)
|                   |H4a1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1)
|                    |H4a1a1 5000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H4a1a)
|                     |H4a1a1a 4000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H4a1a1)
|                      |H4a1a1a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a1a)
|                       |H4a1a1a1a 1500 England (Mother: H4a1a1a1)
|                        |H4a1a1a1a1 1300 European (Mother: H4a1a1a1a)
|                      |H4a1a1a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a1a)
|                      |H4a1a1a3 1500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H4a1a1a)
|                      |H4a1a1a4 400 (Mother: H4a1a1a)
|                    |H4a1a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a)
|                     |H4a1a2a 1500 Denmark (Mother: H4a1a2)
|                      |H4a1a2a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a2a)
|                    |H4a1a+T195C! 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a)
|                     |H4a1a3 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a+T195C!)
|                      |H4a1a3a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a3)
|                     |H4a1a4 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a+T195C!)
|                      |H4a1a4a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a4)
|                      |H4a1a4b 1500 B.C.E. Scotland (Mother: H4a1a4)
|                       |H4a1a4b1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a4b)
|                       |H4a1a4b2 800 (Mother: H4a1a4b)
|                    |H4a1a5 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1a)
|                   |H4a1c 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a1)
|                    |H4a1c1 600 (Mother: H4a1c)
|                     |H4a1c1a 1500 Italy (Mother: H4a1c1)
|                    |H4a1c2 1500 (Mother: H4a1c)
|                   |H4a1d 3000 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: H4a1)
|                  |H4a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H4a)
|                 |H4b 5500 B.C.E. Turkey (Mother: H4)
|                  |H4b1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H4b)
|                 |H4c 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H4)
|                  |H4c1 1500 (Mother: H4c)
|                 |H4d 5500 B.C.E. Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: H4)
|                |H5'36 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H5 8000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H5'36)
|                  |H5a 7500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5a1 5000 B.C.E. Caucasian (Mother: H5a)
|                    |H5a1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1b 300 European (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1c 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                     |H5a1c1 100 (Mother: H5a1c)
|                      |H5a1c1a 1500 (Mother: H5a1c1)
|                     |H5a1c2 1500 (Mother: H5a1c)
|                    |H5a1d 300 European (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1e 1000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1f 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1g 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                     |H5a1g1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1g)
|                      |H5a1g1a 1400 (Mother: H5a1g1)
|                     |H5a1g2 500 (Mother: H5a1g)
|                    |H5a1h 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1i 1500 (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1j 300 England, East Anglia, (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1k 3500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H5a1)
|                    |H5a1+T152C! 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                     |H5a1m 100 (Mother: H5a1+T152C!)
|                     |H5a1n 800 (Mother: H5a1+T152C!)
|                    |H5a1+T16093C 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                     |H5a1p 1000 (Mother: H5a1+T16093C)
|                    |H5a1q 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a1)
|                   |H5a2 3000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H5a)
|                    |H5a2a 300 (Mother: H5a2)
|                   |H5a3 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a)
|                    |H5a3a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a3)
|                     |H5a3a1 800 (Mother: H5a3a)
|                     |H5a3a+T152C! 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a3a)
|                      |H5a3a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a3a+T152C!)
|                     |H5a3a3 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H5a3a)
|                    |H5a3b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a3)
|                   |H5a4 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a)
|                    |H5a4a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a4)
|                     |H5a4a1 1500 (Mother: H5a4a)
|                      |H5a4a1a (Mother: H5a4a1)
|                   |H5a5 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a)
|                   |H5a+T152C! 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a)
|                    |H5a6 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a+T152C!)
|                     |H5a6a 1500 (Mother: H5a6)
|                   |H5a7 500 (Mother: H5a)
|                   |H5a8 4000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: H5a)
|                   |H5a9 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5a)
|                  |H5b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5b1 800 England (Mother: H5b)
|                   |H5b2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5b)
|                   |H5b3 4500 B.C.E. Italy,cybrid cell line (Mother: H5b)
|                   |H5b4 1500 (Mother: H5b)
|                   |H5b5 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5b)
|                  |H5c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5c1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5c)
|                    |H5c1a 700 (Mother: H5c1)
|                   |H5c2 1500 (Mother: H5c)
|                  |H5d 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5e 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5e1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5e)
|                    |H5e1a 500 B.C.E. Palatine German; (Mother: H5e1)
|                     |H5e1a1 1500 (Mother: H5e1a)
|                    |H5e1b 900 (Mother: H5e1)
|                  |H5f 100 (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5g 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5h 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5j 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5k 400 European (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5m 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5n 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5p 100 European (Mother: H5)
|                  |H5+C16192T 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5q 500 (Mother: H5+C16192T)
|                  |H5+T16311C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5r 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5+T16311C!)
|                    |H5r1 1100 (Mother: H5r)
|                    |H5r2 1100 (Mother: H5r)
|                   |H5s 600 (Mother: H5+T16311C!)
|                   |H5t 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H5+T16311C!)
|                  |H5u 5000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5u1 (Mother: H5u)
|                  |H5+G709A 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5)
|                   |H5v  Italy (Mother: H5+G709A)
|                 |H36 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H5'36)
|                |H6 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H6a 7500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H6)
|                  |H6a1 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a)
|                   |H6a1a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1)
|                    |H6a1a1 4000 B.C.E. N Ossetia (Mother: H6a1a)
|                     |H6a1a1a 1200 (Mother: H6a1a1)
|                    |H6a1a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                     |H6a1a2a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a2)
|                     |H6a1a2b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a2)
|                      |H6a1a2b1 900 (Mother: H6a1a2b)
|                    |H6a1a3 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                     |H6a1a3a 1500 (Mother: H6a1a3)
|                    |H6a1a4 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                    |H6a1a5 300 (Mother: H6a1a)
|                    |H6a1a6 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                    |H6a1a7 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                    |H6a1a8 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                     |H6a1a8a 1500 (Mother: H6a1a8)
|                    |H6a1a9 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                    |H6a1a10 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1a)
|                   |H6a1b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1)
|                    |H6a1b1 1500 (Mother: H6a1b)
|                    |H6a1b2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1b)
|                     |H6a1b2a 600 (Mother: H6a1b2)
|                     |H6a1b2b 400 (Mother: H6a1b2)
|                     |H6a1b2c 400 (Mother: H6a1b2)
|                     |H6a1b2d 600 (Mother: H6a1b2)
|                     |H6a1b2e 400 (Mother: H6a1b2)
|                    |H6a1b3 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1b)
|                     |H6a1b3a 500 (Mother: H6a1b3)
|                     |H6a1b3b 1400 (Mother: H6a1b3)
|                    |H6a1b4 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a1b)
|                  |H6a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a)
|                   |H6a2a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H6a2)
|                 |H6b 6500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: H6)
|                  |H6b1 4000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H6b)
|                  |H6b2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H6b)
|                 |H6c 1500 B.C.E. Norway, (Mother: H6)
|                  |H6c1 1500 (Mother: H6c)
|                |H7 7000 B.C.E. Europe,European (Mother: H)
|                 |H7a 5500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H7)
|                  |H7a1 4500 B.C.E. Germany,Zsurka (Mother: H7a)
|                   |H7a1a 3500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H7a1)
|                   |H7a1b 300 (Mother: H7a1)
|                   |H7a1c 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H7a1)
|                   |H7a1d 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7a1)
|                  |H7a2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7a)
|                 |H7b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7)
|                  |H7b1 500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H7b)
|                  |H7b2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7b)
|                   |H7b2a 1500 (Mother: H7b2)
|                  |H7b3 1100 Welsh;,Europe (Mother: H7b)
|                  |H7b4 1100 (Mother: H7b)
|                  |H7b5 700 European (Mother: H7b)
|                  |H7b6 1100 (Mother: H7b)
|                 |H7c 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7)
|                  |H7c1 1500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H7c)
|                  |H7c2 300 (Mother: H7c)
|                  |H7c3 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7c)
|                  |H7c4 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7c)
|                  |H7c5 1100 Italy (Mother: H7c)
|                  |H7c6 1100 (Mother: H7c)
|                 |H7d 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H7)
|                  |H7d1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7d)
|                  |H7d2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H7d)
|                   |H7d2a 700 (Mother: H7d2)
|                  |H7d3 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H7d)
|                   |H7d3a 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H7d3)
|                  |H7d4 200 (Mother: H7d)
|                  |H7d5 1500 (Mother: H7d)
|                 |H7e 500 (Mother: H7)
|                 |H7f 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H7)
|                 |H7g 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H7)
|                 |H7h 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H7)
|                  |H7h1 400 Italy (Mother: H7h)
|                 |H7i 1500 (Mother: H7)
|                  |H7i1 (Mother: H7i)
|                |H+T195C! 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H+T195C! +T146C! (Mother: H+T195C!)
|                  |H8 6500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: H+T195C! +T146C!)
|                   |H8a 3000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H8)
|                    |H8a1 600 Italy (Mother: H8a)
|                   |H8+(C114T) 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H8)
|                    |H8b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H8+(C114T))
|                     |H8b1 800 (Mother: H8b)
|                    |H8+(C114T) +T152C! (Mother: H8+(C114T))
|                     |H8c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H8+(C114T) +T152C!)
|                      |H8c1 1500 (Mother: H8c)
|                      |H8c2 1000 B.C.E. Caucasian (Mother: H8c)
|                  |H31 2000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H+T195C! +T146C!)
|                   |H31a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H31)
|                   |H31b 1200 (Mother: H31)
|                 |H11 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H+T195C!)
|                  |H11a 4500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H11)
|                   |H11a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H11a)
|                   |H11a2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H11a)
|                    |H11a2a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H11a2)
|                     |H11a2a1 700 (Mother: H11a2a)
|                     |H11a2a2 700 (Mother: H11a2a)
|                     |H11a2a3 1200 Europe (Mother: H11a2a)
|                   |H11a3 (Mother: H11a)
|                   |H11a4 1500 (Mother: H11a)
|                   |H11a5 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H11a)
|                   |H11a6 1500 (Mother: H11a)
|                   |H11a+T152C! 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H11a)
|                    |H11a7 (Mother: H11a+T152C!)
|                   |H11a8 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H11a)
|                  |H11b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H11)
|                   |H11b1 1500 (Mother: H11b)
|                 |H12 3000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H+T195C!)
|                  |H12a 600 Italy (Mother: H12)
|                 |H91 (Mother: H+T195C!)
|                 |H108 (Mother: H+T195C!)
|                |H+T152C! 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H9 4500 B.C.E. India (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                  |H9a 1000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H9)
|                 |H32 1500 B.C.E. Italy,Sardinia (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                 |H46 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                  |H46a (Mother: H46)
|                  |H46b 1500 (Mother: H46)
|                 |H52 200 England (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                 |H69 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                 |H103 (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                 |H107 (Mother: H+T152C!)
|                |H10 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H10a 4500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H10)
|                  |H10a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H10a)
|                   |H10a1a 500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H10a1)
|                    |H10a1a1 1100 (Mother: H10a1a)
|                   |H10a1b 1300 (Mother: H10a1)
|                 |H10b 3000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: H10)
|                  |H10b1 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H10b)
|                 |H10c 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H10)
|                  |H10c1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H10c)
|                 |H10d 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H10)
|                 |H10+(T16093C) 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H10)
|                  |H10e 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H10+(T16093C))
|                   |H10e1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H10e)
|                    |H10e1a 1000 (Mother: H10e1)
|                   |H10e2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H10e)
|                   |H10e3 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H10e)
|                    |H10e3a 1500 (Mother: H10e3)
|                  |H10f (Mother: H10+(T16093C))
|                  |H10g (Mother: H10+(T16093C))
|                 |H10h 800 (Mother: H10)
|                |H13 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H13a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13)
|                  |H13a1 8500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: H13a)
|                   |H13a1a 7000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H13a1)
|                    |H13a1a1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a)
|                     |H13a1a1a 2500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H13a1a1)
|                     |H13a1a1b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a1)
|                     |H13a1a1c 1000 B.C.E. Abazin (Mother: H13a1a1)
|                     |H13a1a1d 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a1)
|                      |H13a1a1d1 1500 (Mother: H13a1a1d)
|                     |H13a1a1e 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a1)
|                    |H13a1a2 6000 B.C.E. Lezgin (Mother: H13a1a)
|                     |H13a1a2+T16311C! 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a2)
|                      |H13a1a2a  Italia Calabria; (Mother: H13a1a2+T16311C!)
|                     |H13a1a2b 1500 (Mother: H13a1a2)
|                    |H13a1a3 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a)
|                    |H13a1a4 3500 B.C.E. French (Mother: H13a1a)
|                    |H13a1a5 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a)
|                    |H13a1a6 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1a)
|                   |H13a1b 1300 (Mother: H13a1)
|                   |H13a1c 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1)
|                   |H13a1+T152C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a1)
|                    |H13a1d  Abasara (Mother: H13a1+T152C!)
|                  |H13a2 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a)
|                   |H13a2a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a2)
|                    |H13a2a1 1500 (Mother: H13a2a)
|                   |H13a2b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a2)
|                    |H13a2b1 2500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H13a2b)
|                    |H13a2b2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a2b)
|                     |H13a2b2a (Mother: H13a2b2)
|                    |H13a2b3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a2b)
|                    |H13a2b4 1500 (Mother: H13a2b)
|                    |H13a2b5 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a2b)
|                   |H13a2c 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13a2)
|                    |H13a2c1 1500 Turkey (Mother: H13a2c)
|                 |H13b 10000 B.C.E. Mingrelia (Mother: H13)
|                  |H13b1 6500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H13b)
|                   |H13b1+A200G 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H13b1)
|                    |H13b1a (Mother: H13b1+A200G)
|                    |H13b1b (Mother: H13b1+A200G)
|                  |H13b2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13b)
|                 |H13c 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13)
|                  |H13c1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13c)
|                   |H13c1a  Italy (Mother: H13c1)
|                  |H13c2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H13c)
|                |H14 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H14a 7500 B.C.E. Middle East,Armenia (Mother: H14)
|                  |H14a+T146C! 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H14a)
|                   |H14a1 (Mother: H14a+T146C!)
|                  |H14a2 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H14a)
|                   |H14a2a 1200 (Mother: H14a2)
|                   |H14a2b 1200 (Mother: H14a2)
|                   |H14a2c 1200 (Mother: H14a2)
|                 |H14b 7500 B.C.E. Turkey (Mother: H14)
|                  |H14b1 900 (Mother: H14b)
|                  |H14b2 200 (Mother: H14b)
|                   |H14b2a 1500 (Mother: H14b2)
|                  |H14b3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H14b)
|                  |H14b4 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H14b)
|                |H15 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H15a 5500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H15)
|                  |H15a1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H15a)
|                   |H15a1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H15a1)
|                    |H15a1a1 1500 India (Mother: H15a1a)
|                   |H15a1b 1500 (Mother: H15a1)
|                 |H15b 3500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H15)
|                  |H15b1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H15b)
|                  |H15b2 1500 (Mother: H15b)
|                |H16 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H16+T152C! 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H16)
|                  |H16a 500 B.C.E. England, York (Mother: H16+T152C!)
|                   |H16a1 1200 European (Mother: H16a)
|                  |H16c (Mother: H16+T152C!)
|                  |H16d  European (Mother: H16+T152C!)
|                 |H16b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H16)
|                 |H16e 1500 (Mother: H16)
|                |H+G16129A! 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H17 5500 B.C.E. European (Mother: H+G16129A!)
|                  |H17a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H17)
|                   |H17a1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H17a)
|                   |H17a2 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H17a)
|                  |H17b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H17)
|                  |H17c 1500 (Mother: H17)
|                 |H27 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H+G16129A!)
|                  |H27+T16093C 1200 (Mother: H27)
|                   |H27a 1000 Mansi (Mother: H27+T16093C)
|                   |H27b 1000 (Mother: H27+T16093C)
|                  |H27c 1200 (Mother: H27)
|                  |H27d 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H27)
|                  |H27e 1200 (Mother: H27)
|                  |H27f 1500 (Mother: H27)
|                |H+G13708A 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H18 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H+G13708A)
|                  |H18b 1500 (Mother: H18)
|                 |H19 (Mother: H+G13708A)
|                |H20 9000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: H)
|                 |H20a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H20)
|                  |H20a1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H20a)
|                   |H20a1a (Mother: H20a1)
|                  |H20a2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H20a)
|                 |H20b 900 Druze (Mother: H20)
|                 |H20c 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H20)
|                |H21 1500 Abkhazia (Mother: H)
|                |H22 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H23 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H24 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H24a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H24)
|                  |H24a1 1100 (Mother: H24a)
|                  |H24a2 1400 (Mother: H24a)
|                 |H24b 500 (Mother: H24)
|                |H25 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H26 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H26a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H26)
|                  |H26a1 500 B.C.E. Ireland (Mother: H26a)
|                   |H26a1a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H26a1)
|                    |H26a1a1 1500 (Mother: H26a1a)
|                   |H26a1b (Mother: H26a1)
|                 |H26b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H26)
|                 |H26c 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H26)
|                |H28 7500 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: H)
|                 |H28a 2000 B.C.E. Sweden (Mother: H28)
|                  |H28a1 1500 (Mother: H28a)
|                  |H28a2 1500 Sweden (Mother: H28a)
|                |H29 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H29a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H29)
|                 |H29b 1000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H29)
|                |H30 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H30a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H30)
|                 |H30b 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H30)
|                  |H30b1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H30b)
|                |H33 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H33a 200 (Mother: H33)
|                 |H33b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H33)
|                 |H33c 800 (Mother: H33)
|                |H+C16291T 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H34 3000 B.C.E. Chukotkan Inuit,Italy (Mother: H+C16291T)
|                 |H64 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H+C16291T)
|                 |H85 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H+C16291T)
|                |H35 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H35a 5000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H35)
|                |H39 3500 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: H)
|                 |H39a 900 (Mother: H39)
|                  |H39a1 1500 (Mother: H39a)
|                 |H39b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H39)
|                 |H39c 0 (Mother: H39)
|                |H40 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H40a 3500 B.C.E. Poland (Mother: H40)
|                 |H40b 900 (Mother: H40)
|                |H41 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H41a 1500 (Mother: H41)
|                |H42 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H42a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: H42)
|                  |H42a1 700 (Mother: H42a)
|                  |H42a2 1500 (Mother: H42a)
|                |H43 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H)
|                |H44 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H44a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H44)
|                  |H44a1 1500 (Mother: H44a)
|                 |H44b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H44)
|                |H45 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H45a 500 (Mother: H45)
|                 |H45b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H45)
|                |H47 7000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H)
|                 |H47a 800 (Mother: H47)
|                |H48 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H49 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H49a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H49)
|                  |H49a1 300 (Mother: H49a)
|                  |H49a2 1500 (Mother: H49a)
|                 |H49b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H49)
|                |H50 500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H51 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H51a 700 (Mother: H51)
|                |H53 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H54 6500 B.C.E. Austria (Mother: H)
|                |H55 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H55a 3500 B.C.E. France (Mother: H55)
|                 |H55+A153G 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: H55)
|                  |H55b (Mother: H55+A153G)
|                |H56 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H56a 500 (Mother: H56)
|                  |H56a1 (Mother: H56a)
|                 |H56b 500 (Mother: H56)
|                 |H56c 500 (Mother: H56)
|                 |H56d 500 (Mother: H56)
|                |H57 9000 B.C.E. Turkey (Mother: H)
|                |H58 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H58a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H58)
|                |H59 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H59a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H59)
|                |H60 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H60a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: H60)
|                |H61 3000 B.C.E. European (Mother: H)
|                 |H61a 1500 (Mother: H61)
|                |H62 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H63 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H63a 1500 (Mother: H63)
|                |H65 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H65a 100 (Mother: H65)
|                |H66 300 (Mother: H)
|                 |H66a 1500 (Mother: H66)
|                  |H66a1 (Mother: H66a)
|                |H67 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H67a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H67)
|                |H70 6500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: H)
|                |H71 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H72 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H73 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H73a 600 (Mother: H73)
|                  |H73a1 1400 (Mother: H73a)
|                |H74 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H75 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H76 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H76a 1500 (Mother: H76)
|                |H77 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H78 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H79 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H79a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: H79)
|                |H80 300 (Mother: H)
|                |H81 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H81a 1500 (Mother: H81)
|                |H82 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H83 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H84 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H86 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H87 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H88 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H89 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H90 1500 (Mother: H)
|                |H92 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H93 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H94 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H95 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H95a (Mother: H95)
|                |H96 1500 (Mother: H)
|                |H99 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H100 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H101 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H102 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                |H104 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H104a (Mother: H104)
|                |H105 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|                 |H105a (Mother: H105)
|                |H106 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: H)
|             |R1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R1a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: R1)
|               |R1a1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: R1a)
|                |R1a1a 2000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R1a1)
|                 |R1a1a1 500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: R1a1a)
|                  |R1a1a1a 1500 (Mother: R1a1a1)
|                 |R1a1a2 1500 (Mother: R1a1a)
|                |R1a1b 0 (Mother: R1a1)
|                |R1a1c 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: R1a1)
|              |R1b 1500 (Mother: R1)
|               |R1b1 (Mother: R1b)
|             |R2'JT 51500 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R2 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: R2'JT)
|               |R2+T13500C 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: R2)
|                |R2+T13500C +T195C!  India (Mother: R2+T13500C)
|                 |R2a (Mother: R2+T13500C +T195C!)
|                |R2b (Mother: R2+T13500C)
|                 |R2b1 (Mother: R2b)
|                |R2c (Mother: R2+T13500C)
|                |R2d (Mother: R2+T13500C)
|              |JT 45000 B.C.E. (Mother: R2'JT)
|               |J 32500 B.C.E. West Eurasia (Mother: JT)
|                |J1 25000 B.C.E. (Mother: J)
|                 |J1b 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1)
|                  |J1b1 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b1a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b1)
|                    |J1b1a1 5000 B.C.E. Middle East,India (Mother: J1b1a)
|                     |J1b1a1a 2500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: J1b1a1)
|                     |J1b1a1b 0 European (Mother: J1b1a1)
|                     |J1b1a1c 3500 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1b1a1)
|                     |J1b1a1d 1500 (Mother: J1b1a1)
|                     |J1b1a1+T146C! 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b1a1)
|                      |J1b1a1e (Mother: J1b1a1+T146C!)
|                    |J1b1a2 1500 (Mother: J1b1a)
|                     |J1b1a2a (Mother: J1b1a2)
|                     |J1b1a2b (Mother: J1b1a2)
|                    |J1b1a3 3500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: J1b1a)
|                   |J1b1b 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b1)
|                    |J1b1b1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b1b)
|                     |J1b1b1a 400 Russia, South Siberia (Mother: J1b1b1)
|                     |J1b1b1b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b1b1)
|                     |J1b1b1c 1500 (Mother: J1b1b1)
|                    |J1b1b2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b1b)
|                    |J1b1b3 7000 B.C.E. India (Mother: J1b1b)
|                  |J1b2 4500 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b2a 1500 Middle East (Mother: J1b2)
|                  |J1b3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b3a 1500 Slovakia (Mother: J1b3)
|                   |J1b3b 1500 (Mother: J1b3)
|                    |J1b3b1 (Mother: J1b3b)
|                  |J1b4 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b4a 1500 (Mother: J1b4)
|                    |J1b4a1 (Mother: J1b4a)
|                    |J1b4a2 (Mother: J1b4a)
|                  |J1b5 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b5a (Mother: J1b5)
|                    |J1b5a1 (Mother: J1b5a)
|                  |J1b6 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b6a  Hispanic (Mother: J1b6)
|                   |J1b6b (Mother: J1b6)
|                  |J1b7 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                   |J1b7a (Mother: J1b7)
|                  |J1b8 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                  |J1b9 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1b)
|                 |J1c 11500 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1)
|                  |J1c1 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c1a 800 England, Northern,European (Mother: J1c1)
|                   |J1c1b 7000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c1)
|                    |J1c1b1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c1b)
|                     |J1c1b1a 3500 B.C.E. Germany, Scotland (Mother: J1c1b1)
|                      |J1c1b1a1 100 (Mother: J1c1b1a)
|                    |J1c1b2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c1b)
|                     |J1c1b2a 1300 (Mother: J1c1b2)
|                   |J1c1c 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c1)
|                   |J1c1d 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c1)
|                   |J1c1e 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c1)
|                   |J1c1f 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c1)
|                   |J1c1g 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c1)
|                    |J1c1g1 (Mother: J1c1g)
|                   |J1c1h 2000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: J1c1)
|                  |J1c2 8000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c2a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2a1 1400 European (Mother: J1c2a)
|                     |J1c2a1a  European (Mother: J1c2a1)
|                    |J1c2a2 1400 (Mother: J1c2a)
|                    |J1c2a3 1400 European (Mother: J1c2a)
|                   |J1c2b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2b1 900 (Mother: J1c2b)
|                    |J1c2b2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2b)
|                    |J1c2b3 1500 (Mother: J1c2b)
|                    |J1c2b4 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2b)
|                    |J1c2b5 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2b)
|                   |J1c2c 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2c1 1000 B.C.E. England (Mother: J1c2c)
|                     |J1c2c1a 1500 (Mother: J1c2c1)
|                    |J1c2c2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2c)
|                     |J1c2c2a 1100 (Mother: J1c2c2)
|                    |J1c2c3 600 (Mother: J1c2c)
|                   |J1c2d 500 Norway, Asker (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2e 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2e1 600 (Mother: J1c2e)
|                    |J1c2e2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2e)
|                   |J1c2f 100 (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2g 500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2h 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2i 1500 (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2j 1500 Italy,cybrid cell line (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2k 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2l 1500 European (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2m 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2m1 (Mother: J1c2m)
|                   |J1c2n 5000 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2n1 (Mother: J1c2n)
|                   |J1c2o 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2p 5000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2q 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2q1 (Mother: J1c2q)
|                   |J1c2r 1500 Europe (Mother: J1c2)
|                   |J1c2s 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                    |J1c2s1  England (Mother: J1c2s)
|                   |J1c2t 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c2)
|                  |J1c3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c3a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                    |J1c3a1 700 European (Mother: J1c3a)
|                    |J1c3a2 500 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c3a)
|                   |J1c3b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                    |J1c3b1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3b)
|                     |J1c3b1a 1200 Ireland (Mother: J1c3b1)
|                    |J1c3b2 700 (Mother: J1c3b)
|                   |J1c3c 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                    |J1c3c1 700 (Mother: J1c3c)
|                    |J1c3c2 900 (Mother: J1c3c)
|                   |J1c3d 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3e 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                    |J1c3e1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3e)
|                    |J1c3e2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3e)
|                   |J1c3f 100 (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3g 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3h 4000 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3i 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3j 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3k 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                   |J1c3+A189G 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c3)
|                    |J1c3m (Mother: J1c3+A189G)
|                  |J1c4 2500 B.C.E. Europe,European (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c4b 500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c4)
|                   |J1c4c 700 (Mother: J1c4)
|                  |J1c5 9000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c5a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c5)
|                    |J1c5a1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c5a)
|                   |J1c5b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c5)
|                   |J1c5c 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c5)
|                    |J1c5c1 1500 (Mother: J1c5c)
|                   |J1c5d 4500 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c5)
|                   |J1c5e 2500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: J1c5)
|                   |J1c5f 800 (Mother: J1c5)
|                  |J1c6 8000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c6a (Mother: J1c6)
|                  |J1c+C16261T 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c7 4000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: J1c+C16261T)
|                    |J1c7a 0 (Mother: J1c7)
|                   |J1c+C16261T +A189G (Mother: J1c+C16261T)
|                    |J1c12 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c+C16261T +A189G)
|                     |J1c12a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c12)
|                     |J1c12b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c12)
|                    |J1c13 900 (Mother: J1c+C16261T +A189G)
|                   |J1c14 1000 (Mother: J1c+C16261T)
|                  |J1c8 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c8a 800 (Mother: J1c8)
|                    |J1c8a1 1500 (Mother: J1c8a)
|                     |J1c8a1a (Mother: J1c8a1)
|                    |J1c8a2 1500 (Mother: J1c8a)
|                   |J1c8b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c8)
|                  |J1c9 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: J1c)
|                  |J1c10 6000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c10a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c10)
|                  |J1c11 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c11a 400 (Mother: J1c11)
|                  |J1c15 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c15a (Mother: J1c15)
|                    |J1c15a1 (Mother: J1c15a)
|                   |J1c15b (Mother: J1c15)
|                  |J1c16 1500 (Mother: J1c)
|                  |J1c17 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1c)
|                   |J1c17a (Mother: J1c17)
|                 |J1+C16193T 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1)
|                  |J1d 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1+C16193T)
|                   |J1d1 12500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: J1d)
|                    |J1d1a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1d1)
|                     |J1d1a1 (Mother: J1d1a)
|                      |J1d1a1a (Mother: J1d1a1)
|                    |J1d1b 9500 B.C.E. Spain, Maragato (Mother: J1d1)
|                     |J1d1b1 (Mother: J1d1b)
|                   |J1d2 10000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: J1d)
|                    |J1d2a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: J1d2)
|                   |J1d3 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1d)
|                    |J1d3a (Mother: J1d3)
|                     |J1d3a1 (Mother: J1d3a)
|                     |J1d3a2 (Mother: J1d3a)
|                   |J1d4 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1d)
|                   |J1d5 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1d)
|                    |J1d5a (Mother: J1d5)
|                   |J1d6 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: J1d)
|                    |J1d6a  Mansi (Mother: J1d6)
|                |J2 26500 B.C.E. (Mother: J)
|                 |J2a 22500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: J2)
|                  |J2a1 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a)
|                   |J2a1a 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1)
|                    |J2a1a1 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a)
|                     |J2a1a1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a1)
|                      |J2a1a1a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a1a)
|                      |J2a1a1a2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a1a)
|                       |J2a1a1a2a 1300 (Mother: J2a1a1a2)
|                      |J2a1a1a3 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a1a)
|                     |J2a1a1b 500 (Mother: J2a1a1)
|                     |J2a1a1c (Mother: J2a1a1)
|                     |J2a1a1d 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a1)
|                     |J2a1a1e 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a1)
|                    |J2a1a2 8000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: J2a1a)
|                     |J2a1a2a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a1a2)
|                      |J2a1a2a1 (Mother: J2a1a2a)
|                       |J2a1a2a1a (Mother: J2a1a2a1)
|                  |J2a2 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a)
|                   |J2a2a 11000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: J2a2)
|                    |J2a2a1 5000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: J2a2a)
|                     |J2a2a1+T16311C! (Mother: J2a2a1)
|                      |J2a2a1a (Mother: J2a2a1+T16311C!)
|                       |J2a2a1a1 (Mother: J2a2a1a)
|                    |J2a2a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a2a)
|                   |J2a2b 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a2)
|                    |J2a2b1 7500 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: J2a2b)
|                     |J2a2b1a  Tunisia (Mother: J2a2b1)
|                    |J2a2b2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a2b)
|                    |J2a2b3 1500 (Mother: J2a2b)
|                   |J2a2c 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a2)
|                    |J2a2c1 (Mother: J2a2c)
|                   |J2a2d 1500 Tunisia (Mother: J2a2)
|                   |J2a2e 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2a2)
|                 |J2b 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2)
|                  |J2b1 7500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: J2b)
|                   |J2b1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1)
|                    |J2b1a1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1a)
|                     |J2b1a1a 500 B.C.E. Irish (Mother: J2b1a1)
|                    |J2b1a2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1a)
|                     |J2b1a2a 100 (Mother: J2b1a2)
|                    |J2b1a3 2500 B.C.E. Caucasian (Mother: J2b1a)
|                    |J2b1a4 500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1a)
|                    |J2b1a+T16311C! 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1a)
|                     |J2b1a5  Sardinia (Mother: J2b1a+T16311C!)
|                    |J2b1a6 1500 (Mother: J2b1a)
|                   |J2b1b 700 Ireland (Mother: J2b1)
|                    |J2b1b1 1500 Scots-Irish, Ireland (Mother: J2b1b)
|                   |J2b1c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1)
|                    |J2b1c1 (Mother: J2b1c)
|                   |J2b1d 4500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: J2b1)
|                   |J2b1e 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1)
|                    |J2b1e1 (Mother: J2b1e)
|                   |J2b1f 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1)
|                   |J2b1g 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: J2b1)
|                   |J2b1h 1500 (Mother: J2b1)
|                  |J2b2 2000 B.C.E. England (Mother: J2b)
|               |T 23500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: JT)
|                |T1 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: T)
|                 |T1a 13000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: T1)
|                  |T1a+T152C! 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a)
|                   |T1a1'3 (Mother: T1a+T152C!)
|                    |T1a1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1'3)
|                     |T1a1a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                      |T1a1a1 800 European (Mother: T1a1a)
|                     |T1a1b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                      |T1a1b1 1500 India (Mother: T1a1b)
|                     |T1a1c 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1d 1500 Kchanti (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1e 1500 (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1f 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1g 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1h 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1i 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1j 3500 B.C.E. European (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1k 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                      |T1a1k1 1500 (Mother: T1a1k)
|                      |T1a1k2 400 (Mother: T1a1k)
|                     |T1a1+C152T!! 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                      |T1a1l (Mother: T1a1+C152T!!)
|                     |T1a1m 1300 (Mother: T1a1)
|                      |T1a1m1 (Mother: T1a1m)
|                     |T1a1n 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1p 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1q 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1)
|                     |T1a1r 1300 Italy (Mother: T1a1)
|                    |T1a3 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a1'3)
|                     |T1a3a 1000 European (Mother: T1a3)
|                   |T1a2 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a+T152C!)
|                    |T1a2a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a2)
|                    |T1a2b 1500 (Mother: T1a2)
|                   |T1a4 7500 B.C.E. England (Mother: T1a+T152C!)
|                   |T1a11 (Mother: T1a+T152C!)
|                   |T1a12 (Mother: T1a+T152C!)
|                   |T1a13 (Mother: T1a+T152C!)
|                  |T1a5 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a)
|                   |T1a5a 600 (Mother: T1a5)
|                  |T1a6 200 Spain (Mother: T1a)
|                  |T1a7 3500 B.C.E. Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: T1a)
|                  |T1a8 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a)
|                   |T1a8a (Mother: T1a8)
|                   |T1a8b (Mother: T1a8)
|                  |T1a9 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a)
|                  |T1a10 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: T1a)
|                   |T1a10a (Mother: T1a10)
|                 |T1b 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1)
|                  |T1b1 1500 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: T1b)
|                  |T1b2 1500 (Mother: T1b)
|                  |T1b3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1b)
|                  |T1b4 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T1b)
|                |T2 17500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: T)
|                 |T2a 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2a1 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a)
|                   |T2a1a 4500 B.C.E. putative remains of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia,European (Mother: T2a1)
|                    |T2a1a1 1500 (Mother: T2a1a)
|                    |T2a1a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1a)
|                    |T2a1a3 1000 (Mother: T2a1a)
|                     |T2a1a3a 1500 European (Mother: T2a1a3)
|                    |T2a1a5 400 (Mother: T2a1a)
|                    |T2a1a6 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1a)
|                    |T2a1a7 400 (Mother: T2a1a)
|                    |T2a1a8 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1a)
|                   |T2a1b 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1)
|                    |T2a1b1 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b)
|                     |T2a1b1a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b1)
|                      |T2a1b1a1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b1a)
|                       |T2a1b1a1a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b1a1)
|                        |T2a1b1a1a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b1a1a)
|                        |T2a1b1a1a2 1200 (Mother: T2a1b1a1a)
|                       |T2a1b1a1b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b1a1)
|                        |T2a1b1a1b1 (Mother: T2a1b1a1b)
|                      |T2a1b1a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b1a)
|                    |T2a1b2 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b)
|                     |T2a1b2a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b2)
|                     |T2a1b2b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a1b2)
|                  |T2a+T195C! 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2a)
|                   |T2a2  Armenia, Turkey, Aintab (Mother: T2a+T195C!)
|                    |T2a2a (Mother: T2a2)
|                   |T2a3 (Mother: T2a+T195C!)
|                 |T2b 8500 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2b1 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b2 4500 B.C.E. India (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b2b 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2b2)
|                    |T2b2b1 1200 (Mother: T2b2b)
|                  |T2b3 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b3+C151T 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b3)
|                    |T2b3a 2000 B.C.E. Sardinia (Mother: T2b3+C151T)
|                     |T2b3a1 1500 (Mother: T2b3a)
|                    |T2b3c 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b3+C151T)
|                    |T2b3d 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b3+C151T)
|                    |T2b3e 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b3+C151T)
|                   |T2b3b 100 European (Mother: T2b3)
|                  |T2b4 4000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b4a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b4)
|                    |T2b4a1 1500 (Mother: T2b4a)
|                   |T2b4i 1500 (Mother: T2b4)
|                   |T2b4+T152C! 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b4)
|                    |T2b4b 100 (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                    |T2b4c (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                    |T2b4d (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                    |T2b4e (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                    |T2b4f 100 (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                    |T2b4g  Italy (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                    |T2b4h  Kazakh (Mother: T2b4+T152C!)
|                  |T2b5 3000 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b5a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b5)
|                    |T2b5a1 1100 (Mother: T2b5a)
|                  |T2b6 3500 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b6a 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2b6)
|                   |T2b6+T146C! 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b6)
|                    |T2b6b 800 (Mother: T2b6+T146C!)
|                  |T2b7 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b7a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b7)
|                    |T2b7a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b7a)
|                    |T2b7a2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b7a)
|                    |T2b7a3 1500 (Mother: T2b7a)
|                  |T2b8 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b+C150T 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b9 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b+C150T)
|                  |T2b11 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b13 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b13a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b13)
|                   |T2b13b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b13)
|                  |T2b15  Europe (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b+T16362C 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b16 100 (Mother: T2b+T16362C)
|                  |T2b17 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b17a 800 European (Mother: T2b17)
|                  |T2b19 5000 B.C.E. Scotland (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b19b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b19)
|                  |T2b+T152C! 5000 B.C.E. Germany, (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b21 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b+T152C!)
|                    |T2b21a 1500 (Mother: T2b21)
|                    |T2b21b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b21)
|                   |T2b22 (Mother: T2b+T152C!)
|                  |T2b23 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b23a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b23)
|                  |T2b24 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                   |T2b24a 800 (Mother: T2b24)
|                  |T2b25 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b26 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b27 5000 B.C.E. European (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b28 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b29 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b30 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b31 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b32 1300 (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b33 1300 (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b34 1300 (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b35 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b36 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2b)
|                  |T2b37 5000 B.C.E. Germany (Mother: T2b)
|                 |T2c 13000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2c1 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2c)
|                   |T2c1a 200 (Mother: T2c1)
|                    |T2c1a1 1500 (Mother: T2c1a)
|                    |T2c1a2 1500 Italy (Mother: T2c1a)
|                    |T2c1a3 1500 (Mother: T2c1a)
|                   |T2c1c 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2c1)
|                    |T2c1c1 (Mother: T2c1c)
|                    |T2c1c2 (Mother: T2c1c)
|                   |T2c1+T146C! 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2c1)
|                    |T2c1d (Mother: T2c1+T146C!)
|                     |T2c1d1 (Mother: T2c1d)
|                      |T2c1d1a (Mother: T2c1d1)
|                     |T2c1d+T152C! (Mother: T2c1d)
|                      |T2c1d2 (Mother: T2c1d+T152C!)
|                       |T2c1d2a  Sardinia (Mother: T2c1d2)
|                    |T2c1e (Mother: T2c1+T146C!)
|                    |T2c1f (Mother: T2c1+T146C!)
|                 |T2d 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2d1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2d)
|                   |T2d1a  India (Mother: T2d1)
|                   |T2d1b (Mother: T2d1)
|                    |T2d1b1 (Mother: T2d1b)
|                    |T2d1b2 (Mother: T2d1b)
|                  |T2d2 1500 (Mother: T2d)
|                 |T2+C150T 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2e 10000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: T2+C150T)
|                   |T2e1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e)
|                    |T2e1a 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e1)
|                     |T2e1a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e1a)
|                      |T2e1a1a (Mother: T2e1a1)
|                      |T2e1a1b  Morocco (Mother: T2e1a1)
|                       |T2e1a1b1 (Mother: T2e1a1b)
|                    |T2e1b 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e1)
|                     |T2e1b1 (Mother: T2e1b)
|                   |T2e2 8000 B.C.E. India (Mother: T2e)
|                    |T2e2a 5000 B.C.E. Italy,LHON patient (Mother: T2e2)
|                   |T2e5 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e)
|                   |T2e6 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e)
|                   |T2e+T152C! 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2e)
|                    |T2e7 (Mother: T2e+T152C!)
|                  |T2m (Mother: T2+C150T)
|                 |T2+T16189C! 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2f 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2+T16189C!)
|                   |T2f1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                    |T2f1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f1)
|                     |T2f1a1 1500 (Mother: T2f1a)
|                   |T2f2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                   |T2f3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                   |T2f4 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                   |T2f5 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                   |T2f6 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                   |T2f7 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                    |T2f7a (Mother: T2f7)
|                   |T2f8 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2f)
|                    |T2f8a (Mother: T2f8)
|                 |T2g 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2g1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2g)
|                   |T2g1a 1500 Egypt, el-Hayez (Mother: T2g1)
|                    |T2g1a1 (Mother: T2g1a)
|                   |T2g1b 1500 (Mother: T2g1)
|                  |T2g2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2g)
|                   |T2g2a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2g2)
|                 |T2h 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2h1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2h)
|                  |T2h2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2h)
|                 |T2i 8000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2i1 (Mother: T2i)
|                  |T2i2 (Mother: T2i)
|                 |T2j 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                  |T2j1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2j)
|                 |T2k 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                 |T2l 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                 |T2n 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: T2)
|                |T3 1500 (Mother: T)
|             |R5 32000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R)
|              |R5a 29000 B.C.E. (Mother: R5)
|               |R5a1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: R5a)
|                |R5a1a 300 India (Mother: R5a1)
|               |R5a2 14500 B.C.E. India (Mother: R5a)
|                |R5a2a 9000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R5a2)
|                |R5a2b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: R5a2)
|                 |R5a2b1 1500 B.C.E. India (Mother: R5a2b)
|                 |R5a2b2 6000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R5a2b)
|                 |R5a2b3 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: R5a2b)
|                 |R5a2b4 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: R5a2b)
|             |R6 42000 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R6+G16129A! 39000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R6)
|               |R6a 39500 B.C.E. (Mother: R6+G16129A!)
|                |R6a1 28000 B.C.E. (Mother: R6a)
|                |R6a2 33500 B.C.E. (Mother: R6a)
|              |R6b 17000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R6)
|             |R7 30000 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R7a'b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: R7)
|               |R7a 14500 B.C.E. India (Mother: R7a'b)
|                |R7a1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: R7a)
|                 |R7a1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: R7a1)
|                 |R7a1b 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: R7a1)
|                  |R7a1b1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: R7a1b)
|                  |R7a1b2 400 (Mother: R7a1b)
|               |R7b 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: R7a'b)
|                |R7b1 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: R7b)
|                 |R7b1a 8000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R7b1)
|                  |R7b1a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: R7b1a)
|                |R7b2 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: R7b)
|             |R8 31000 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R8a 24000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8)
|               |R8a1 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a)
|                |R8a1a 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1)
|                 |R8a1a1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a)
|                  |R8a1a1a 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a1)
|                   |R8a1a1a1 5000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R8a1a1a)
|                    |R8a1a1a1a (Mother: R8a1a1a1)
|                   |R8a1a1a2 1500 (Mother: R8a1a1a)
|                  |R8a1a1b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a1)
|                  |R8a1a1c 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a1)
|                  |R8a1a1d 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a1)
|                 |R8a1a2 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a)
|                  |R8a1a2a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1a2)
|                 |R8a1a3 9000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R8a1a)
|                |R8a1+T16093C 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a1)
|                 |R8a1b 300 (Mother: R8a1+T16093C)
|               |R8a2 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: R8a)
|              |R8b 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: R8)
|               |R8b1 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: R8b)
|                |R8b1a 7000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R8b1)
|               |R8b2 800 (Mother: R8b)
|             |R9 45000 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R9b 36500 B.C.E. (Mother: R9)
|               |R9b1 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: R9b)
|                |R9b1a 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: R9b1)
|                 |R9b1a1 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: R9b1a)
|                  |R9b1a1a 4000 B.C.E. Indonesia, Sumatra, Palembang,Malay (Mother: R9b1a1)
|                 |R9b1a2 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: R9b1a)
|                  |R9b1a2a 1500 Viet Nam (Mother: R9b1a2)
|                  |R9b1a2b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: R9b1a2)
|                 |R9b1a3 6000 B.C.E. Viet Nam (Mother: R9b1a)
|                |R9b1b 5000 B.C.E. Viet Nam (Mother: R9b1)
|               |R9b2 1000 B.C.E. Viet Nam (Mother: R9b)
|              |R9c 45000 B.C.E. (Mother: R9)
|               |R9c1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: R9c)
|                |R9c1a 1500 Indonesia (Mother: R9c1)
|                 |R9c1a1 (Mother: R9c1a)
|                 |R9c1a2 (Mother: R9c1a)
|                 |R9c1a3  Indonesia (Mother: R9c1a)
|                |R9c1b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: R9c1)
|                 |R9c1b1 (Mother: R9c1b)
|                 |R9c1b2 (Mother: R9c1b)
|              |F 41000 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: R9)
|               |F1 30000 B.C.E. (Mother: F)
|                |F1a'c'f 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1)
|                 |F1a 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a'c'f)
|                  |F1a1'4 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a)
|                   |F1a1 9000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1a1'4)
|                    |F1a1a 6000 B.C.E. China (Mother: F1a1)
|                     |F1a1a1 4000 B.C.E. Cambodia,Malay (Mother: F1a1a)
|                    |F1a1b 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1a1)
|                    |F1a1c 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a1)
|                     |F1a1c1 1100 (Mother: F1a1c)
|                     |F1a1c2 1500 Japan (Mother: F1a1c)
|                     |F1a1c3 1500 (Mother: F1a1c)
|                    |F1a1d 1500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: F1a1)
|                     |F1a1d1 1500 Philippines (Mother: F1a1d)
|                   |F1a4 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a1'4)
|                    |F1a4a 1500 (Mother: F1a4)
|                     |F1a4a1 (Mother: F1a4a)
|                    |F1a4b 1500 (Mother: F1a4)
|                  |F1a2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a)
|                   |F1a2a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a2)
|                  |F1a3 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a)
|                   |F1a3+T16311C! 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a3)
|                    |F1a3a (Mother: F1a3+T16311C!)
|                     |F1a3a1 (Mother: F1a3a)
|                      |F1a3a1a  Japan (Mother: F1a3a1)
|                     |F1a3a2 (Mother: F1a3a)
|                     |F1a3a3 (Mother: F1a3a)
|                      |F1a3a3a (Mother: F1a3a3)
|                   |F1a3b 1500 (Mother: F1a3)
|                 |F1c 16500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1a'c'f)
|                  |F1c1 10500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1c)
|                   |F1c1a (Mother: F1c1)
|                    |F1c1a1  China (Mother: F1c1a)
|                     |F1c1a1a (Mother: F1c1a1)
|                     |F1c1a1b (Mother: F1c1a1)
|                    |F1c1a2 (Mother: F1c1a)
|                 |F1f 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1a'c'f)
|                |F1+T16189C! 26500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1)
|                 |F1b 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1+T16189C!)
|                  |F1b1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1b)
|                   |F1b1a 6500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1)
|                    |F1b1a1 5000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1a)
|                     |F1b1a1a 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1a1)
|                      |F1b1a1a1 2500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1a1a)
|                       |F1b1a1a1a 1000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1a1a1)
|                      |F1b1a1a2 500 Japan (Mother: F1b1a1a)
|                      |F1b1a1a3 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1a1a)
|                    |F1b1a2 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1b1a)
|                   |F1b1b (Mother: F1b1)
|                   |F1b1c (Mother: F1b1)
|                   |F1b1+C152T!! (Mother: F1b1)
|                    |F1b1d  Japan (Mother: F1b1+C152T!!)
|                    |F1b1e (Mother: F1b1+C152T!!)
|                     |F1b1e1 (Mother: F1b1e)
|                    |F1b1f (Mother: F1b1+C152T!!)
|                 |F1d 4500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1+T16189C!)
|                  |F1d1 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F1d)
|                 |F1e 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1+T16189C!)
|                  |F1e1 700 (Mother: F1e)
|                   |F1e1a 1500 Japan (Mother: F1e1)
|                  |F1e2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: F1e)
|                  |F1e3 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: F1e)
|                 |F1g (Mother: F1+T16189C!)
|                  |F1g1 (Mother: F1g)
|               |F2 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: F)
|                |F2+C16291T 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: F2)
|                 |F2a 8000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: F2+C16291T)
|                  |F2a+T16291C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: F2a)
|                   |F2a1  China (Mother: F2a+T16291C!)
|                 |F2b  China (Mother: F2+C16291T)
|                  |F2b1 (Mother: F2b)
|                 |F2g (Mother: F2+C16291T)
|                |F2c 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: F2)
|                 |F2c1  Japan (Mother: F2c)
|                 |F2c2 (Mother: F2c)
|                |F2d 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: F2)
|                |F2e 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: F2)
|                 |F2e1 (Mother: F2e)
|                |F2f 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: F2)
|                |F2+T195C! 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: F2)
|                 |F2h (Mother: F2+T195C!)
|                 |F2i (Mother: F2+T195C!)
|               |F3 24500 B.C.E. (Mother: F)
|                |F3a 18500 B.C.E. China (Mother: F3)
|                 |F3a+G207A 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: F3a)
|                  |F3a1 (Mother: F3a+G207A)
|                |F3b 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: F3)
|                 |F3b+T152C! 16500 B.C.E. China, Qijiang, Chongqing (Mother: F3b)
|                  |F3b1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: F3b+T152C!)
|                   |F3b1a 1500 (Mother: F3b1)
|                    |F3b1a+T16093C  Indonesia (Mother: F3b1a)
|                     |F3b1a1  Indonesia (Mother: F3b1a+T16093C)
|                    |F3b1a2  Taiwan,Puyuma tribe (Mother: F3b1a)
|                   |F3b1b 1500 (Mother: F3b1)
|                    |F3b1b1 (Mother: F3b1b)
|               |F4 33500 B.C.E. (Mother: F)
|                |F4a 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: F4)
|                 |F4a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: F4a)
|                  |F4a1a 1500 Japan (Mother: F4a1)
|                  |F4a1b 1500 China (Mother: F4a1)
|                 |F4a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: F4a)
|                |F4b 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: F4)
|                 |F4b1 4000 B.C.E. Taiwan (Mother: F4b)
|             |R+T16189C! 51500 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R11'B6 (Mother: R+T16189C!)
|               |R11 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: R11'B6)
|                |R11a 13500 B.C.E. Asia (Mother: R11)
|                |R11b 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: R11)
|                 |R11b1 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: R11b)
|                  |R11b1a (Mother: R11b1)
|                  |R11b1b  China (Mother: R11b1)
|               |B6 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: R11'B6)
|                |B6a 4500 B.C.E. China (Mother: B6)
|                 |B6a1  Philippines (Mother: B6a)
|                  |B6a1a (Mother: B6a1)
|              |B4'5 (Mother: R+T16189C!)
|               |B4 41000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4'5)
|                |B4+C16261T 38000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4)
|                 |B4a 22500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4+C16261T)
|                  |B4a1 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a)
|                   |B4a1a 8000 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, Trobriand Islands,Papua NG (Mother: B4a1)
|                    |B4a1a1 5500 B.C.E. Polynesia; Extinct Botocudos (Aimores) Indians, Brazil via slave trade (Mother: B4a1a)
|                     |B4a1a1a 3500 B.C.E. Polynesia; Extinct Botocudos (Aimores) Indians, Brazil via slave trade (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                      |B4a1a1a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                       |B4a1a1a1a 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a1)
|                        |B4a1a1a1a1 (Mother: B4a1a1a1a)
|                       |B4a1a1a1b 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a1)
|                       |B4a1a1a1c 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a1)
|                       |B4a1a1a1d 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a1)
|                      |B4a1a1a2 900 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                       |B4a1a1a2a 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a2)
|                       |B4a1a1a2b 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a2)
|                      |B4a1a1a3 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a4 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a5 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a6 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a7 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a8 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a9 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a10 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a11 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                       |B4a1a1a11a (Mother: B4a1a1a11)
|                       |B4a1a1a11b (Mother: B4a1a1a11)
|                      |B4a1a1a12 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a13 500 B.C.E. Samoa (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a14 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a15 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a16 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a17 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a18 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a19 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a20 1500 (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a21 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a22 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                      |B4a1a1a+T195C! 500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1a)
|                       |B4a1a1a23 (Mother: B4a1a1a+T195C!)
|                     |B4a1a1b 2500 B.C.E. Madagascar (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1c 1100 (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1d 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1e 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1f 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1g 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1h 1100 (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1i 1100 (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1j 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1k 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                      |B4a1a1k1 (Mother: B4a1a1k)
|                     |B4a1a1+C151T 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                      |B4a1a1m (Mother: B4a1a1+C151T)
|                       |B4a1a1m1  Cook (Mother: B4a1a1m)
|                     |B4a1a1n 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1+T152C! 2500 B.C.E. Samoa (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                      |B4a1a1o (Mother: B4a1a1+T152C!)
|                     |B4a1a1p 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1q 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1+T16126C 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                      |B4a1a1r (Mother: B4a1a1+T16126C)
|                     |B4a1a1s 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1t 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1u 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1v 1100 (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1w 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1x 2500 B.C.E. Micronesia, Majuro Atoll (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1y 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1z 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1aa 1100 Nan Melanesia Bougainville (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1ab 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1ac 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1ad 1100 (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1ae 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                     |B4a1a1af 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a1)
|                    |B4a1a2 2500 B.C.E. Amis (Mother: B4a1a)
|                    |B4a1a3 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a)
|                     |B4a1a3a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a3)
|                      |B4a1a3a1 (Mother: B4a1a3a)
|                       |B4a1a3a1a  Amis (Mother: B4a1a3a1)
|                    |B4a1a4 1000 B.C.E. Yami (Mother: B4a1a)
|                    |B4a1a5 5500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: B4a1a)
|                     |B4a1a5a 1000 (Mother: B4a1a5)
|                    |B4a1a6 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a)
|                     |B4a1a6a (Mother: B4a1a6)
|                    |B4a1a7 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1a)
|                   |B4a1+T16311C! 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1)
|                    |B4a1b 4500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a1+T16311C!)
|                     |B4a1b1 2000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a1b)
|                      |B4a1b1a 500 B.C.E. Japan,Korean (Mother: B4a1b1)
|                    |B4a1e (Mother: B4a1+T16311C!)
|                   |B4a1c 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1)
|                    |B4a1c1 15500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a1c)
|                     |B4a1c1a 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1c1)
|                      |B4a1c1a1  Japan (Mother: B4a1c1a)
|                    |B4a1c+T146C! 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1c)
|                     |B4a1c2 2000 B.C.E. Russia, Siberia,Tofalar,Tuvan (Mother: B4a1c+T146C!)
|                     |B4a1c4 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1c+T146C!)
|                     |B4a1c5 (Mother: B4a1c+T146C!)
|                    |B4a1c3 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1c)
|                     |B4a1c3a 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a1c3)
|                     |B4a1c3b 9000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a1c3)
|                   |B4a1d 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a1)
|                  |B4a2 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a)
|                   |B4a2a 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a2)
|                    |B4a2a1 1500 Ya (Mother: B4a2a)
|                    |B4a2a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a2a)
|                    |B4a2a3 1500 B.C.E. Paiwan (Mother: B4a2a)
|                   |B4a2b 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a2)
|                    |B4a2b1 (Mother: B4a2b)
|                     |B4a2b1a  Japan (Mother: B4a2b1)
|                  |B4a3 5500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a)
|                  |B4a4 13000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4a)
|                  |B4a5 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4a)
|                 |B4g 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4+C16261T)
|                  |B4g1 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4g)
|                   |B4g1a (Mother: B4g1)
|                   |B4g1b (Mother: B4g1)
|                  |B4g2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4g)
|                 |B4h 18000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4+C16261T)
|                  |B4h1 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4h)
|                 |B4i (Mother: B4+C16261T)
|                  |B4i1 (Mother: B4i)
|                 |B4k (Mother: B4+C16261T)
|                 |B4m (Mother: B4+C16261T)
|                |B4b'd'e'j 35000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4)
|                 |B4b 27000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b'd'e'j)
|                  |B2 15000 B.C.E. Dominican Republic, Beringia; Mexican (Mother: B4b)
|                   |B2a 10500 B.C.E. Mexico, US southwest,  oone Chippewa clan (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2a1 7000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Hispanic (Mother: B2a)
|                     |B2a1a 3500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Asia (Mother: B2a1)
|                      |B2a1a1 500 Mexico (Mother: B2a1a)
|                     |B2a1b 1000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: B2a1)
|                    |B2a2 8000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Hispanic, Asian (Mother: B2a)
|                    |B2a3 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2a)
|                    |B2a4 7000 B.C.E. North central Mexico, US SW (Mother: B2a)
|                     |B2a4a (Mother: B2a4)
|                      |B2a4a1 (Mother: B2a4a)
|                    |B2a5 1500 North American Indian Piman, Yuman, Uto-Aztecan Pima, Papago, Arizona (Mother: B2a)
|                   |B2b 12500 B.C.E. Yanomama, Pomo, Xavante, Kayapo (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2b+T152C! 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2b)
|                     |B2b1 (Mother: B2b+T152C!)
|                    |B2b2 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2b)
|                     |B2b2a (Mother: B2b2)
|                    |B2b3 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2b)
|                     |B2b3a (Mother: B2b3)
|                    |B2b4 1500 (Mother: B2b)
|                   |B2c 7500 B.C.E. Hispanic, Asia (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2c1 4000 B.C.E. Hispanic, Mexico (Mother: B2c)
|                     |B2c1a 1000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: B2c1)
|                     |B2c1b 1500 Hispanic (Mother: B2c1)
|                     |B2c1c 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2c1)
|                    |B2c2 1500 (Mother: B2c)
|                     |B2c2a  Mexico (Mother: B2c2)
|                     |B2c2b  Mexico (Mother: B2c2)
|                   |B2d 1000 B.C.E. Mishmar, Ngoebe, Wayuu, South America (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2e 9000 B.C.E. Waiwai (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2f 2500 B.C.E. Chile, Mexico (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2g 11500 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2g1 9000 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: B2g)
|                    |B2g2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2g)
|                   |B2h 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2i 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2i1 1500 (Mother: B2i)
|                    |B2i2 1500 (Mother: B2i)
|                     |B2i2a (Mother: B2i2)
|                      |B2i2a1 (Mother: B2i2a)
|                       |B2i2a1a (Mother: B2i2a1)
|                       |B2i2a1b (Mother: B2i2a1)
|                     |B2i2b (Mother: B2i2)
|                      |B2i2b1 (Mother: B2i2b)
|                   |B2j 1500 (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2k 9000 B.C.E. Mexico (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2l 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2m 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2n 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2o 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2o1 (Mother: B2o)
|                     |B2o1a (Mother: B2o1)
|                   |B2p 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2q 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2r 12000 B.C.E. Hispanic (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2s 1500 (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2t 1500 (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2u 1500 (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2v 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2+C16278T! 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2w (Mother: B2+C16278T!)
|                   |B2x 800 (Mother: B2)
|                   |B2y 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: B2)
|                    |B2y1  Native American, USA (Mother: B2y)
|                  |B4b1 23500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b)
|                   |B4b1a 17500 B.C.E. Russia, Siberia,Tubalar (Mother: B4b1)
|                    |B4b1a+G207A 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a)
|                     |B4b1a1 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4b1a+G207A)
|                      |B4b1a1a 200 Japan (Mother: B4b1a1)
|                      |B4b1a1b 1500 (Mother: B4b1a1)
|                      |B4b1a1c 1500 Japan (Mother: B4b1a1)
|                     |B4b1a2 13500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4b1a+G207A)
|                      |B4b1a2a 9000 B.C.E. China (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                      |B4b1a2b 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                       |B4b1a2b1 100 (Mother: B4b1a2b)
|                       |B4b1a2b2 1500 (Mother: B4b1a2b)
|                      |B4b1a2c 300 (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                      |B4b1a2d 900 (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                      |B4b1a2e 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                      |B4b1a2f 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                      |B4b1a2g 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                       |B4b1a2g1 (Mother: B4b1a2g)
|                      |B4b1a2h 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                      |B4b1a2i 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1a2)
|                     |B4b1a3 (Mother: B4b1a+G207A)
|                      |B4b1a3a (Mother: B4b1a3)
|                   |B4b1b'c 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1)
|                    |B4b1b 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4b1b'c)
|                    |B4b1c 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1b'c)
|                     |B4b1c1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1c)
|                     |B4b1c2 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b1c)
|                 |B4d 25500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4b'd'e'j)
|                  |B4d1'2'3 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4d)
|                   |B4d1 14000 B.C.E. China (Mother: B4d1'2'3)
|                    |B4d1a 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4d1)
|                   |B4d2  China (Mother: B4d1'2'3)
|                   |B4d3 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4d1'2'3)
|                    |B4d3a 1500 (Mother: B4d3)
|                     |B4d3a1  Japan, Ibaraki (Mother: B4d3a)
|                  |B4d4 1500 Japan (Mother: B4d)
|                 |B4e  Japan (Mother: B4b'd'e'j)
|                 |B4j (Mother: B4b'd'e'j)
|                |B4c 32500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4)
|                 |B4c1 28500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c)
|                  |B4c1a'b 25000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1)
|                   |B4c1a 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1a'b)
|                    |B4c1a1 6500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1a)
|                     |B4c1a1a 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1a1)
|                      |B4c1a1a1 100 Japan (Mother: B4c1a1a)
|                       |B4c1a1a1a  Japan (Mother: B4c1a1a1)
|                      |B4c1a1a2 100 Japan (Mother: B4c1a1a)
|                     |B4c1a1b 3500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1a1)
|                     |B4c1a1c 1500 Japan (Mother: B4c1a1)
|                    |B4c1a2 100 (Mother: B4c1a)
|                     |B4c1a2a 1500 (Mother: B4c1a2)
|                   |B4c1b 21000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1a'b)
|                    |B4c1b1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1b)
|                     |B4c1b1a 500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1b1)
|                    |B4c1b+A16335G 17500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1b)
|                     |B4c1b2 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1b+A16335G)
|                      |B4c1b2a 7500 B.C.E. China (Mother: B4c1b2)
|                       |B4c1b2a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1b2a)
|                       |B4c1b2a2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1b2a)
|                        |B4c1b2a2a (Mother: B4c1b2a2)
|                        |B4c1b2a2b (Mother: B4c1b2a2)
|                      |B4c1b2b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1b2)
|                      |B4c1b2c 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1b2)
|                       |B4c1b2c1 (Mother: B4c1b2c)
|                       |B4c1b2c2 (Mother: B4c1b2c)
|                  |B4c1c 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1)
|                   |B4c1c+T16311C! 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c1c)
|                    |B4c1c1 1500 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4c1c+T16311C!)
|                 |B4c2 5500 B.C.E. Thailand (Mother: B4c)
|                  |B4c2a 3000 B.C.E. Uzbek,Thailand (Mother: B4c2)
|                  |B4c2b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4c2)
|                  |B4c2c 1200 (Mother: B4c2)
|                |B4f 14000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4)
|                 |B4f1 6000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B4f)
|               |B5 40000 B.C.E. (Mother: B4'5)
|                |B5a 26000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5)
|                 |B5a1 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a)
|                  |B5a1a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a1)
|                   |B5a1a1 1500 B.C.E. Andaman (Mother: B5a1a)
|                  |B5a1b 12500 B.C.E. China (Mother: B5a1)
|                   |B5a1b1 9500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: B5a1b)
|                  |B5a1c 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a1)
|                   |B5a1c1 (Mother: B5a1c)
|                    |B5a1c1a (Mother: B5a1c1)
|                     |B5a1c1a1 (Mother: B5a1c1a)
|                   |B5a1c2 (Mother: B5a1c)
|                  |B5a1d 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a1)
|                 |B5a2 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a)
|                  |B5a2a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a2)
|                   |B5a2a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a2a)
|                    |B5a2a1a  Japan (Mother: B5a2a1)
|                    |B5a2a1+G16129A! (Mother: B5a2a1)
|                     |B5a2a1b  Japan (Mother: B5a2a1+G16129A!)
|                   |B5a2a2 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5a2a)
|                    |B5a2a2a (Mother: B5a2a2)
|                     |B5a2a2a1  Taiwan (Mother: B5a2a2a)
|                     |B5a2a2a2 (Mother: B5a2a2a)
|                    |B5a2a2b (Mother: B5a2a2)
|                     |B5a2a2b1  Taiwan (Mother: B5a2a2b)
|                      |B5a2a2b1a (Mother: B5a2a2b1)
|                     |B5a2a2b2 (Mother: B5a2a2b)
|                |B5b 24000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5)
|                 |B5b1 21000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B5b)
|                  |B5b1a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b1)
|                   |B5b1a1 1500 Japan (Mother: B5b1a)
|                   |B5b1a2 1500 Japan (Mother: B5b1a)
|                    |B5b1a2a  Japan (Mother: B5b1a2)
|                  |B5b1c 7500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: B5b1)
|                   |B5b1c1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b1c)
|                    |B5b1c1a (Mother: B5b1c1)
|                 |B5b2 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b)
|                  |B5b2a 2500 B.C.E. Russia, Siberia,Negidal (Mother: B5b2)
|                   |B5b2a1 1500 Japan (Mother: B5b2a)
|                   |B5b2a2 1500 Japan (Mother: B5b2a)
|                    |B5b2a2a (Mother: B5b2a2)
|                     |B5b2a2a1  Japan (Mother: B5b2a2a)
|                     |B5b2a2a2  Philippines (Mother: B5b2a2a)
|                  |B5b2b 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b2)
|                  |B5b2+C204T! 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b2)
|                   |B5b2c 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b2+C204T!)
|                    |B5b2c1 1500 Japan (Mother: B5b2c)
|                 |B5b3 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b)
|                  |B5b3a 1500 Japan (Mother: B5b3)
|                  |B5b3b 3000 B.C.E. Japan (Mother: B5b3)
|                 |B5b4 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: B5b)
|                 |B5b5 1500 (Mother: B5b)
|              |R24 16000 B.C.E. (Mother: R+T16189C!)
|               |R24a 3500 B.C.E. Philippines (Mother: R24)
|             |R12'21 45500 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R12  Australia (Mother: R12'21)
|              |R21 (Mother: R12'21)
|             |R14 1500 (Mother: R)
|             |R22 29500 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|             |R23 1500 (Mother: R)
|             |R30 52000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R)
|              |R30a 17500 B.C.E. (Mother: R30)
|               |R30a1 1500 (Mother: R30a)
|                |R30a1a  Nepal,Tharu,India (Mother: R30a1)
|                |R30a1b  India (Mother: R30a1)
|                 |R30a1b1 (Mother: R30a1b)
|                |R30a1c (Mother: R30a1)
|              |R30b 49000 B.C.E. (Mother: R30)
|               |R30b1 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: R30b)
|               |R30b2 30500 B.C.E. (Mother: R30b)
|                |R30b2a (Mother: R30b2)
|             |R31 53000 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|              |R31a 9000 B.C.E. India (Mother: R31)
|               |R31a1 200 (Mother: R31a)
|              |R31b 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: R31)
|             |R32 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: R)
|             |P 53000 B.C.E. Australo-Melanesia (Mother: R)
|              |P+C16176T 50000 B.C.E. (Mother: P)
|               |P1 31000 B.C.E. (Mother: P+C16176T)
|                |P1d 28000 B.C.E. (Mother: P1)
|                 |P1d1 24500 B.C.E. PNGHigh (Mother: P1d)
|                  |P1d1a 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: P1d1)
|                 |P1d2 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: P1d)
|                  |P1d2a (Mother: P1d2)
|                |P1+T152C! 28000 B.C.E. (Mother: P1)
|                 |P1e (Mother: P1+T152C!)
|                 |P1f (Mother: P1+T152C!)
|               |P2'10 (Mother: P+C16176T)
|                |P2  Oceania,PNGHigh (Mother: P2'10)
|                |P10 (Mother: P2'10)
|               |P8 (Mother: P+C16176T)
|              |P3 39500 B.C.E. (Mother: P)
|               |P3a 23500 B.C.E. Australian (Mother: P3)
|               |P3b 34000 B.C.E. PNGHigh (Mother: P3)
|                |P3b1 19000 B.C.E. Australia, Arnehm Land,PNG (Mother: P3b)
|              |P4 51000 B.C.E. (Mother: P)
|               |P4a 17000 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, PNG Highlands, Bundi (Mother: P4)
|                |P4a1 12500 B.C.E. Papua New Guinea, Bundi area,PNG (Mother: P4a)
|               |P4b 38500 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: P4)
|                |P4b1 14500 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: P4b)
|              |P5 15500 B.C.E. Australia (Mother: P)
|              |P6 46500 B.C.E. Australian (Mother: P)
|              |P7 3000 B.C.E. Australian (Mother: P)
|              |P9 47000 B.C.E. (Mother: P)
|               |P9a  Philippines (Mother: P9)
|             |U 45000 B.C.E. West Eurasia (Mother: R)
|              |U1 30000 B.C.E. (Mother: U)
|               |U1a 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: U1)
|                |U1a1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: U1a)
|                 |U1a1a 1500 Adygei (Mother: U1a1)
|                  |U1a1a1 (Mother: U1a1a)
|                   |U1a1a1a (Mother: U1a1a1)
|                  |U1a1a2 (Mother: U1a1a)
|                  |U1a1a+G16129A!  Adygei (Mother: U1a1a)
|                   |U1a1a3 (Mother: U1a1a+G16129A!)
|                 |U1a1b 1500 (Mother: U1a1)
|                 |U1a1c 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U1a1)
|                  |U1a1c1 (Mother: U1a1c)
|                   |U1a1c1a  India (Mother: U1a1c1)
|                   |U1a1c1b (Mother: U1a1c1)
|                   |U1a1c1c (Mother: U1a1c1)
|                    |U1a1c1c1  Sardinia (Mother: U1a1c1c)
|                   |U1a1c1d (Mother: U1a1c1)
|                    |U1a1c1d1 (Mother: U1a1c1d)
|                 |U1a1d 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U1a1)
|                |U1a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U1a)
|                |U1a3 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: U1a)
|               |U1b 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: U1)
|                |U1b1 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U1b)
|                |U1b2 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: U1b)
|                |U1b3 5500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: U1b)
|              |U5 28500 B.C.E. (Mother: U)
|               |U5a'b 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5)
|                |U5a 20500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: U5a'b)
|                 |U5a1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a)
|                  |U5a1+T16192C! 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                   |U5a1a 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1+T16192C!)
|                    |U5a1a1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a)
|                     |U5a1a1+T152C! 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a1)
|                      |U5a1a1a 600 Russia, Belgorod (Mother: U5a1a1+T152C!)
|                      |U5a1a1b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a1+T152C!)
|                      |U5a1a1h  Polish, Poland, Lodz (Mother: U5a1a1+T152C!)
|                     |U5a1a1c 1400 (Mother: U5a1a1)
|                     |U5a1a1+T16362C 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a1)
|                      |U5a1a1d 500 B.C.E. Scottish, Scotland, (Mother: U5a1a1+T16362C)
|                       |U5a1a1d1 1500 (Mother: U5a1a1d)
|                     |U5a1a1e 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a1)
|                     |U5a1a1g 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a1)
|                     |U5a1a1i 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a1)
|                    |U5a1a2 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a)
|                     |U5a1a2a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a2)
|                      |U5a1a2a1 400 (Mother: U5a1a2a)
|                       |U5a1a2a1a 1500 (Mother: U5a1a2a1)
|                     |U5a1a2b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a2)
|                      |U5a1a2b1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1a2b)
|                   |U5a1g 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1+T16192C!)
|                    |U5a1g1 900 (Mother: U5a1g)
|                    |U5a1g2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1g)
|                  |U5a1b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                   |U5a1b1 5000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: U5a1b)
|                    |U5a1b1a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                     |U5a1b1a1 500 (Mother: U5a1b1a)
|                     |U5a1b1a2 100 (Mother: U5a1b1a)
|                    |U5a1b1b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                     |U5a1b1b1 1500 (Mother: U5a1b1b)
|                    |U5a1b1c 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                     |U5a1b1c1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1c)
|                     |U5a1b1c2 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1c)
|                    |U5a1b1d 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                     |U5a1b1d+T16093C 1100 (Mother: U5a1b1d)
|                      |U5a1b1d1 (Mother: U5a1b1d+T16093C)
|                    |U5a1b1e 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                    |U5a1b1f 2000 B.C.E. India (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                    |U5a1b1g 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                    |U5a1b1h 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b1)
|                   |U5a1b2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b)
|                   |U5a1b+T16362C 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b)
|                    |U5a1b3 0 Finland (Mother: U5a1b+T16362C)
|                     |U5a1b3a 1500 (Mother: U5a1b3)
|                      |U5a1b3a1 (Mother: U5a1b3a)
|                    |U5a1b4 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1b+T16362C)
|                  |U5a1c 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                   |U5a1c1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1c)
|                    |U5a1c1a 200 (Mother: U5a1c1)
|                   |U5a1c2 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1c)
|                    |U5a1c2a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1c2)
|                     |U5a1c2a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1c2a)
|                  |U5a1d 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                   |U5a1d1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1d)
|                   |U5a1d2 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1d)
|                    |U5a1d2a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1d2)
|                     |U5a1d2a1 600 (Mother: U5a1d2a)
|                    |U5a1d2b 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1d2)
|                  |U5a1e 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                  |U5a1f 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                   |U5a1f1 9000 B.C.E. N. Europe (Mother: U5a1f)
|                    |U5a1f1a 4500 B.C.E. Adygei (Mother: U5a1f1)
|                     |U5a1f1a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1f1a)
|                   |U5a1f2 1500 (Mother: U5a1f)
|                  |U5a1h 1000 (Mother: U5a1)
|                  |U5a1i 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                   |U5a1i1 (Mother: U5a1i)
|                  |U5a1j 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a1)
|                 |U5a2 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a)
|                  |U5a2+C16294T 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2)
|                   |U5a2a 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2+C16294T)
|                    |U5a2a1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2a)
|                     |U5a2a1a 800 Finland (Mother: U5a2a1)
|                     |U5a2a1b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2a1)
|                      |U5a2a1b1 300 (Mother: U5a2a1b)
|                     |U5a2a1c 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2a1)
|                     |U5a2a1d 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2a1)
|                     |U5a2a1+T152C! 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2a1)
|                      |U5a2a1e  Finland (Mother: U5a2a1+T152C!)
|                    |U5a2a2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2a)
|                     |U5a2a2a (Mother: U5a2a2)
|                  |U5a2b 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2)
|                   |U5a2b1 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b)
|                    |U5a2b1a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b1)
|                    |U5a2b1b 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b1)
|                    |U5a2b1c 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b1)
|                    |U5a2b1d 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b1)
|                   |U5a2b2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b)
|                    |U5a2b2a 1500 (Mother: U5a2b2)
|                     |U5a2b2a1 (Mother: U5a2b2a)
|                   |U5a2b3 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b)
|                    |U5a2b3a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b3)
|                     |U5a2b3a1 (Mother: U5a2b3a)
|                   |U5a2b4 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b)
|                    |U5a2b4a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b4)
|                   |U5a2b5 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2b)
|                  |U5a2c 9500 B.C.E. France, Roussay (Mother: U5a2)
|                   |U5a2c1 2000 B.C.E. Tunisia (Mother: U5a2c)
|                   |U5a2c2 6500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: U5a2c)
|                   |U5a2c3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2c)
|                    |U5a2c3a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2c3)
|                   |U5a2c4 0 (Mother: U5a2c)
|                  |U5a2d 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2)
|                   |U5a2d1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2d)
|                    |U5a2d1a 1500 (Mother: U5a2d1)
|                  |U5a2+T16362C 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2)
|                   |U5a2e 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a2+T16362C)
|                |U5b 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5a'b)
|                 |U5b1 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b)
|                  |U5b1a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1)
|                  |U5b1+T16189C! 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1)
|                   |U5b1b 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1+T16189C!)
|                    |U5b1b1 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1b)
|                     |U5b1b1+T16192C! 2500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: U5b1b1)
|                      |U5b1b1a 2000 B.C.E. Saami (Mother: U5b1b1+T16192C!)
|                       |U5b1b1a1 500 B.C.E. Sweden, Sami, Norrbotten,Saami (Mother: U5b1b1a)
|                        |U5b1b1a1a 700 (Mother: U5b1b1a1)
|                         |U5b1b1a1a1 1500 (Mother: U5b1b1a1a)
|                        |U5b1b1a1b 1500 (Mother: U5b1b1a1)
|                       |U5b1b1a2 1500 (Mother: U5b1b1a)
|                       |U5b1b1a3 1500 Saami (Mother: U5b1b1a)
|                      |U5b1b1d 2500 B.C.E. Italy,Spain (Mother: U5b1b1+T16192C!)
|                      |U5b1b1f 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1b1+T16192C!)
|                     |U5b1b1b  Fulbe,Hispanic (Mother: U5b1b1)
|                     |U5b1b1+T152C! 2500 B.C.E. Morocco, Berber (Mother: U5b1b1)
|                      |U5b1b1e 100 Berber (Mother: U5b1b1+T152C!)
|                     |U5b1b1g 1500 (Mother: U5b1b1)
|                      |U5b1b1g1 (Mother: U5b1b1g)
|                       |U5b1b1g1a (Mother: U5b1b1g1)
|                    |U5b1b2 0 Finland (Mother: U5b1b)
|                     |U5b1b2a 1500 (Mother: U5b1b2)
|                     |U5b1b2b 1500 (Mother: U5b1b2)
|                   |U5b1c 8500 B.C.E. Europe, Italy (Mother: U5b1+T16189C!)
|                    |U5b1c1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1c)
|                     |U5b1c1a 800 (Mother: U5b1c1)
|                      |U5b1c1a1 1500 (Mother: U5b1c1a)
|                    |U5b1c2 5000 B.C.E. Native American Cherokee (Mother: U5b1c)
|                     |U5b1c2a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1c2)
|                     |U5b1c2b 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1c2)
|                   |U5b1+T16189C! +T16192C! (Mother: U5b1+T16189C!)
|                    |U5b1e 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1+T16189C! +T16192C!)
|                     |U5b1e1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1e)
|                      |U5b1e1a 1000 Crimean Tatar/Ruthenia; (Mother: U5b1e1)
|                    |U5b1h (Mother: U5b1+T16189C! +T16192C!)
|                  |U5b1d 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1)
|                   |U5b1d1 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1d)
|                    |U5b1d1a 2500 B.C.E. Berber (Mother: U5b1d1)
|                    |U5b1d1b 1500 Italy (Mother: U5b1d1)
|                    |U5b1d1c 1500 (Mother: U5b1d1)
|                   |U5b1d2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b1d)
|                  |U5b1f 100 (Mother: U5b1)
|                   |U5b1f1 1500 (Mother: U5b1f)
|                    |U5b1f1a (Mother: U5b1f1)
|                  |U5b1g 700 (Mother: U5b1)
|                  |U5b1i 1500 Sardinia (Mother: U5b1)
|                 |U5b2 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b)
|                  |U5b2a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2)
|                   |U5b2a1 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a)
|                    |U5b2a1a 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a1)
|                     |U5b2a1a+T16311C! 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a1a)
|                      |U5b2a1a1 2500 B.C.E. Scotland (Mother: U5b2a1a+T16311C!)
|                       |U5b2a1a1a 600 (Mother: U5b2a1a1)
|                       |U5b2a1a1b 2500 B.C.E. Finland (Mother: U5b2a1a1)
|                       |U5b2a1a1d 800 Ireland, Tipperary (Mother: U5b2a1a1)
|                     |U5b2a1a2 500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: U5b2a1a)
|                    |U5b2a1b 1000 B.C.E. Ireland, Scandinavia (Mother: U5b2a1)
|                   |U5b2a2 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a)
|                    |U5b2a2a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a2)
|                     |U5b2a2a1 600 Italy (Mother: U5b2a2a)
|                     |U5b2a2a2 1500 Europe (Mother: U5b2a2a)
|                    |U5b2a2b 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a2)
|                     |U5b2a2b1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a2b)
|                    |U5b2a2c 600 (Mother: U5b2a2)
|                   |U5b2a3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a)
|                    |U5b2a3a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a3)
|                   |U5b2a+T16192C! 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a)
|                    |U5b2a4 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a+T16192C!)
|                     |U5b2a4a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a4)
|                    |U5b2a5 900 (Mother: U5b2a+T16192C!)
|                     |U5b2a5a 1500 (Mother: U5b2a5)
|                    |U5b2a6 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2a+T16192C!)
|                  |U5b2b 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2)
|                   |U5b2b1 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b)
|                    |U5b2b1a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b1)
|                     |U5b2b1a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b1a)
|                     |U5b2b1a2 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b1a)
|                    |U5b2b1b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b1)
|                   |U5b2b2 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b)
|                   |U5b2b3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b)
|                    |U5b2b3a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b3)
|                     |U5b2b3a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b3a)
|                      |U5b2b3a1a 500 B.C.E. Denmark, Viborg (Mother: U5b2b3a1)
|                    |U5b2b3b 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b3)
|                   |U5b2b4 200 (Mother: U5b2b)
|                    |U5b2b4a 1500 (Mother: U5b2b4)
|                   |U5b2b5 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2b)
|                  |U5b2c 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2)
|                   |U5b2c1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2c)
|                   |U5b2c2 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b2c)
|                    |U5b2c2a 1500 (Mother: U5b2c2)
|                    |U5b2c2b 1500 Northern Irish (Mother: U5b2c2)
|                 |U5b3 8500 B.C.E. Europe, France, Southern France (Mother: U5b)
|                  |U5b3a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b3)
|                   |U5b3a1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b3a)
|                    |U5b3a1a 1000 B.C.E. Italian (Mother: U5b3a1)
|                    |U5b3a1b 2500 B.C.E. France, Southern France (Mother: U5b3a1)
|                   |U5b3a2 4500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: U5b3a)
|                  |U5b3b 2000 B.C.E. Italy, Central Italy (Mother: U5b3)
|                   |U5b3b1 1400 Czech Republic (Mother: U5b3b)
|                   |U5b3b2 1400 (Mother: U5b3b)
|                  |U5b3c 2000 B.C.E. Italy, Sardinia (Mother: U5b3)
|                  |U5b3d 3500 B.C.E. Spain, Southern Spain (Mother: U5b3)
|                  |U5b3e 2500 B.C.E. Poland (Mother: U5b3)
|                  |U5b3f 0 Europe (Mother: U5b3)
|                  |U5b3g 5500 B.C.E. Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: U5b3)
|                  |U5b3h 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U5b3)
|              |U6 35500 B.C.E. (Mother: U)
|               |U6a'b'd 32500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6)
|                |U6a 23500 B.C.E. North Africa, Morocco, Berber Asni (Mother: U6a'b'd)
|                 |U6a1 18500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a)
|                  |U6a1a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1)
|                   |U6a1a1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1a)
|                   |U6a1a2 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1a)
|                  |U6a1b 15500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1)
|                   |U6a1b1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1b)
|                    |U6a1b1a 500 B.C.E. Algeria (Mother: U6a1b1)
|                    |U6a1b1b 1500 (Mother: U6a1b1)
|                   |U6a1b2 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1b)
|                   |U6a1b3 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a1b)
|                   |U6a1b4 1500 Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: U6a1b)
|                 |U6a+T16189C! 20000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a)
|                  |U6a+T16189C! +(G103A) (Mother: U6a+T16189C!)
|                   |U6a2 16500 B.C.E. Italy, Central Italy (Mother: U6a+T16189C! +(G103A))
|                    |U6a2a 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a2)
|                     |U6a2a1 6000 B.C.E. Ethiopia (Mother: U6a2a)
|                     |U6a2a2 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a2a)
|                      |U6a2a2a  Ethiopia (Mother: U6a2a2)
|                    |U6a2b 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a2)
|                     |U6a2b1 (Mother: U6a2b)
|                    |U6a2+T195C! 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a2)
|                     |U6a2c (Mother: U6a2+T195C!)
|                   |U6a8 (Mother: U6a+T16189C! +(G103A))
|                    |U6a8a (Mother: U6a8)
|                    |U6a8b (Mother: U6a8)
|                  |U6a3 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a+T16189C!)
|                   |U6a3a 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3)
|                    |U6a3a1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3a)
|                     |U6a3a1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3a1)
|                    |U6a3a2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3a)
|                     |U6a3a2a (Mother: U6a3a2)
|                   |U6a3+G185A 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3)
|                    |U6a3b 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3+G185A)
|                     |U6a3b1 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3b)
|                    |U6a3e  Morocco,Berber Asni (Mother: U6a3+G185A)
|                    |U6a3f (Mother: U6a3+G185A)
|                     |U6a3f1  Nigeria,Songhai (Mother: U6a3f)
|                     |U6a3f2 (Mother: U6a3f)
|                   |U6a3c 1500 (Mother: U6a3)
|                   |U6a3d 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a3)
|                    |U6a3d1 (Mother: U6a3d)
|                     |U6a3d1a (Mother: U6a3d1)
|                 |U6a4 8000 B.C.E. Iraq,Italy (Mother: U6a)
|                 |U6a5 10500 B.C.E. Italy, Central Italy (Mother: U6a)
|                  |U6a5a 6000 B.C.E. Nigeria (Mother: U6a5)
|                   |U6a5a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a5a)
|                  |U6a5b 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a5)
|                  |U6a5c 1000 B.C.E. Italy, Sicily (Mother: U6a5)
|                 |U6a6 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a)
|                  |U6a6a 1500 (Mother: U6a6)
|                   |U6a6a1 (Mother: U6a6a)
|                  |U6a6b 1400 (Mother: U6a6)
|                   |U6a6b1 (Mother: U6a6b)
|                   |U6a6b2  Morocco,Berber Asni,Tunisia (Mother: U6a6b)
|                 |U6a7 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a)
|                  |U6a7a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a7)
|                   |U6a7a1 1500 Mauritania (Mother: U6a7a)
|                    |U6a7a1a (Mother: U6a7a1)
|                    |U6a7a1b  Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: U6a7a1)
|                    |U6a7a1+C152T!!  Italy, Sardinia (Mother: U6a7a1)
|                     |U6a7a1c  Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: U6a7a1+C152T!!)
|                   |U6a7a2 1500 (Mother: U6a7a)
|                    |U6a7a2a (Mother: U6a7a2)
|                  |U6a7b 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a7)
|                   |U6a7b1  France (Mother: U6a7b)
|                  |U6a7c 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a7)
|                   |U6a7c1 (Mother: U6a7c)
|                |U6a'b'd+T16311C! (Mother: U6a'b'd)
|                 |U6b 12000 B.C.E. Spain, Galicia (Mother: U6a'b'd+T16311C!)
|                  |U6b1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6b)
|                   |U6b1a 300 (Mother: U6b1)
|                    |U6b1a1 1500 Spain, Canary Islands (Mother: U6b1a)
|                   |U6b1b 1500 (Mother: U6b1)
|                  |U6b2 500 Morocco, Berber (Mother: U6b)
|                  |U6b3 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6b)
|                   |U6b3a  Tunisia (Mother: U6b3)
|                 |U6d 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6a'b'd+T16311C!)
|                  |U6d1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6d)
|                   |U6d1a 400 Sardinia (Mother: U6d1)
|                   |U6d1b 1000 B.C.E. Morocco,Berber Asni,Italy (Mother: U6d1)
|                  |U6d2 3000 B.C.E. Ethiopia,Jew (Mother: U6d)
|                  |U6d3 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6d)
|                   |U6d3a (Mother: U6d3)
|               |U6c 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U6)
|                |U6c1 700 Italy, Southern Italy (Mother: U6c)
|                |U6c2 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U6c)
|              |U2'3'4'7'8'9 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: U)
|               |U2 41000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2'3'4'7'8'9)
|                |U2a 21000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2)
|                 |U2a1 11500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2a)
|                  |U2a1a  Pakistan (Mother: U2a1)
|                  |U2a1b  India,Europe (Mother: U2a1)
|                 |U2a2 1500 (Mother: U2a)
|                |U2b 27500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2)
|                 |U2b1 21000 B.C.E. Thai, Thailand (Mother: U2b)
|                  |U2b1a 18000 B.C.E. India (Mother: U2b1)
|                 |U2b2 3500 B.C.E. Pakistan,India (Mother: U2b)
|                |U2+T152C! 38000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2)
|                 |U2c'd (Mother: U2+T152C!)
|                  |U2c 28000 B.C.E. India (Mother: U2c'd)
|                   |U2c1 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2c)
|                    |U2c1a 11000 B.C.E. India (Mother: U2c1)
|                    |U2c1b 17000 B.C.E. Pakistan (Mother: U2c1)
|                  |U2d 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2c'd)
|                   |U2d1 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2d)
|                   |U2d2 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2d)
|                    |U2d2a 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2d2)
|                   |U2d3 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2d)
|                 |U2e 17500 B.C.E. Middle East,India (Mother: U2+T152C!)
|                  |U2e1'2'3 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e)
|                   |U2e1 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1'2'3)
|                    |U2e1a 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                     |U2e1a1 4500 B.C.E. Spain (Mother: U2e1a)
|                      |U2e1a1a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1a1)
|                      |U2e1a1b 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1a1)
|                      |U2e1a1c 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1a1)
|                    |U2e1b 10000 B.C.E. India (Mother: U2e1)
|                     |U2e1b1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1b)
|                     |U2e1b2 4000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: U2e1b)
|                    |U2e1c 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                     |U2e1c1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1c)
|                    |U2e1d 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                    |U2e1e 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                    |U2e1f 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                     |U2e1f1 1500 Caucasian (Mother: U2e1f)
|                    |U2e1g 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                    |U2e1h 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1)
|                   |U2e2 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e1'2'3)
|                    |U2e2a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e2)
|                     |U2e2a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2e2a)
|                      |U2e2a1a 500 (Mother: U2e2a1)
|                       |U2e2a1a1 (Mother: U2e2a1a)
|                       |U2e2a1a2 (Mother: U2e2a1a)
|                      |U2e2a1b 1500 England (Mother: U2e2a1)
|                      |U2e2a1c 500 (Mother: U2e2a1)
|                      |U2e2a1d 500 (Mother: U2e2a1)
|                   |U2e3 1000 (Mother: U2e1'2'3)
|                    |U2e3a 1500 (Mother: U2e3)
|               |U3 31000 B.C.E. (Mother: U2'3'4'7'8'9)
|                |U3a'c 21500 B.C.E. (Mother: U3)
|                 |U3a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3a'c)
|                  |U3a1 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3a)
|                   |U3a1a 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3a1)
|                    |U3a1a1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3a1a)
|                   |U3a1b (Mother: U3a1)
|                   |U3a1c 1500 B.C.E. Spain, Canary Islands, Tenerife (Mother: U3a1)
|                    |U3a1c1 1500 (Mother: U3a1c)
|                  |U3a2 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: U3a)
|                   |U3a2a 6500 B.C.E. Yemen (Mother: U3a2)
|                    |U3a2a1  Yemen (Mother: U3a2a)
|                     |U3a2a1a (Mother: U3a2a1)
|                  |U3a3 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: U3a)
|                 |U3c (Mother: U3a'c)
|                |U3b 17000 B.C.E. India (Mother: U3)
|                 |U3b1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3b)
|                  |U3b1a 12500 B.C.E. Yemen (Mother: U3b1)
|                   |U3b1a1 1500 Yemen (Mother: U3b1a)
|                  |U3b1b 100 Slovakia (Mother: U3b1)
|                 |U3b2 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3b)
|                  |U3b2a 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3b2)
|                   |U3b2a1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3b2a)
|                    |U3b2a1a (Mother: U3b2a1)
|                  |U3b2b 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3b2)
|                  |U3b2c 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: U3b2)
|                 |U3b3 14000 B.C.E. Adygei (Mother: U3b)
|               |U4'9 (Mother: U2'3'4'7'8'9)
|                |U4 15500 B.C.E. Middle East (Mother: U4'9)
|                 |U4a 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4)
|                  |U4a1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4a)
|                   |U4a1a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4a1)
|                    |U4a1a1 3000 B.C.E. Poland (Mother: U4a1a)
|                    |U4a1a2 1500 (Mother: U4a1a)
|                    |U4a1a3 1500 (Mother: U4a1a)
|                   |U4a1b 3000 B.C.E. Poland (Mother: U4a1)
|                    |U4a1b1 1500 B.C.E. Slovakia (Mother: U4a1b)
|                     |U4a1b1a 1500 Slovakia (Mother: U4a1b1)
|                    |U4a1b2 500 Poland (Mother: U4a1b)
|                   |U4a1c 1000 Poland (Mother: U4a1)
|                   |U4a1d 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4a1)
|                   |U4a1e 500 (Mother: U4a1)
|                  |U4a2 7000 B.C.E. Belarus (Mother: U4a)
|                   |U4a2a 2500 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: U4a2)
|                    |U4a2a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4a2a)
|                    |U4a2a2 1100 Slovakia (Mother: U4a2a)
|                    |U4a2a3 1500 Russia (Mother: U4a2a)
|                   |U4a2b 200 (Mother: U4a2)
|                   |U4a2c 5500 B.C.E. Belarus (Mother: U4a2)
|                    |U4a2c1 400 (Mother: U4a2c)
|                   |U4a2d 200 Czech Republic (Mother: U4a2)
|                   |U4a2e 2000 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: U4a2)
|                   |U4a2f 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4a2)
|                   |U4a2g 4000 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: U4a2)
|                   |U4a2h 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4a2)
|                    |U4a2h1 (Mother: U4a2h)
|                  |U4a3 2500 B.C.E. Italy,LHON patient (Mother: U4a)
|                   |U4a3a 1000 Czech Republic (Mother: U4a3)
|                 |U4b 11000 B.C.E. Russia (Mother: U4)
|                  |U4b1 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b)
|                   |U4b1a 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1)
|                    |U4b1a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1a)
|                     |U4b1a1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1a1)
|                      |U4b1a1a1 1300 Adygei (Mother: U4b1a1a)
|                    |U4b1a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1a)
|                     |U4b1a2a 200 Belarus (Mother: U4b1a2)
|                     |U4b1a2b 1500 (Mother: U4b1a2)
|                    |U4b1a3 3000 B.C.E. Poland (Mother: U4b1a)
|                     |U4b1a3a 1500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: U4b1a3)
|                    |U4b1a4 700 (Mother: U4b1a)
|                   |U4b1+T146C! 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1)
|                    |U4b1b 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1+T146C!)
|                     |U4b1b1 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1b)
|                      |U4b1b1a 900 (Mother: U4b1b1)
|                      |U4b1b1b 1500 (Mother: U4b1b1)
|                      |U4b1b1+T16311C! 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1b1)
|                       |U4b1b1c (Mother: U4b1b1+T16311C!)
|                      |U4b1b1d 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b1b1)
|                     |U4b1b2 1500 (Mother: U4b1b)
|                  |U4b2 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b)
|                   |U4b2a 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b2)
|                    |U4b2a1 2500 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: U4b2a)
|                     |U4b2a1a (Mother: U4b2a1)
|                  |U4b3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4b)
|                 |U4c 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4)
|                  |U4c1 500 B.C.E. Europe, Belarus (Mother: U4c)
|                   |U4c1a 1500 (Mother: U4c1)
|                  |U4c2 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4c)
|                   |U4c2a 4500 B.C.E. Slovakia (Mother: U4c2)
|                 |U4d 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4)
|                  |U4d1 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4d)
|                   |U4d1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U4d1)
|                    |U4d1a1 200 (Mother: U4d1a)
|                     |U4d1a1a 1500 (Mother: U4d1a1)
|                   |U4d1b 100 Russia (Mother: U4d1)
|                  |U4d2 4500 B.C.E. Russia,Avam Nganasan (Mother: U4d)
|                  |U4d3 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4d)
|                |U9 22000 B.C.E. (Mother: U4'9)
|                 |U9a 15500 B.C.E. Middle East, Ethiopia (Mother: U9)
|                  |U9a1 6500 B.C.E. India,Andhra Pradesh (Mother: U9a)
|                 |U9b 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: U9)
|                  |U9b1 7000 B.C.E. Pakistan (Mother: U9b)
|               |U7 16500 B.C.E. Middle East,India (Mother: U2'3'4'7'8'9)
|                |U7a 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7)
|                 |U7a1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a)
|                  |U7a1a 1500 India (Mother: U7a1)
|                 |U7a2 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a)
|                  |U7a2a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a2)
|                 |U7a3 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a)
|                  |U7a3a 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a3)
|                  |U7a3b 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a3)
|                 |U7a4 800 (Mother: U7a)
|                  |U7a4a 1500 (Mother: U7a4)
|                   |U7a4a1 (Mother: U7a4a)
|                    |U7a4a1a (Mother: U7a4a1)
|                 |U7a5 10000 B.C.E. (Mother: U7a)
|                |U7b 8500 B.C.E. Pakistan (Mother: U7)
|                 |U7b1 400 Italy, Isle of Elba (Mother: U7b)
|                 |U7b2 900 (Mother: U7b)
|               |U8 41500 B.C.E. (Mother: U2'3'4'7'8'9)
|                |U8a 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8)
|                 |U8a1 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: U8a)
|                  |U8a1a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: U8a1)
|                   |U8a1a1 2500 B.C.E. Spain (Mother: U8a1a)
|                    |U8a1a1a 800 (Mother: U8a1a1)
|                     |U8a1a1a1 (Mother: U8a1a1a)
|                    |U8a1a1b 800 (Mother: U8a1a1)
|                     |U8a1a1b1 (Mother: U8a1a1b)
|                   |U8a1a2 800 (Mother: U8a1a)
|                   |U8a1a3 1500 (Mother: U8a1a)
|                   |U8a1a4 1500 Spain, Basque (Mother: U8a1a)
|                  |U8a1b 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8a1)
|                 |U8a2 4500 B.C.E. Spain, Basque (Mother: U8a)
|                |U8b'c 38000 B.C.E. (Mother: U8)
|                 |U8b 36500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8b'c)
|                  |U8b1 31500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8b)
|                   |U8b1a 26500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8b1)
|                    |U8b1a1 20000 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: U8b1a)
|                    |U8b1a2 23500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8b1a)
|                     |U8b1a2a  Jordan,Basque (Mother: U8b1a2)
|                     |U8b1a2+T16311C! (Mother: U8b1a2)
|                      |U8b1a2b  Jordan (Mother: U8b1a2+T16311C!)
|                   |U8b1b 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8b1)
|                    |U8b1b1 200 (Mother: U8b1b)
|                    |U8b1b2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: U8b1b)
|                  |K 25000 B.C.E. West Eurasia (Mother: U8b)
|                   |K1 20500 B.C.E. (Mother: K)
|                    |K1a 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1)
|                     |K1a1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a1a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1)
|                       |K1a1a1 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1a)
|                       |K1a1a2 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1a)
|                        |K1a1a2a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1a2)
|                         |K1a1a2a1 500 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1a1a2a)
|                      |K1a1b 14000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1)
|                       |K1a1b1 12500 B.C.E. Spain, Basque (Mother: K1a1b)
|                        |K1a1b1a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                        |K1a1b1b 5500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                         |K1a1b1b1 1000 Finland (Mother: K1a1b1b)
|                        |K1a1b1c 200 (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                        |K1a1b1d 400 (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                        |K1a1b1e 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                        |K1a1b1f 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                        |K1a1b1g 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b1)
|                       |K1a1b2 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b)
|                        |K1a1b2a 7500 B.C.E. India (Mother: K1a1b2)
|                         |K1a1b2a1 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b2a)
|                          |K1a1b2a1a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1b2a1)
|                        |K1a1b2b 8500 B.C.E. English (Mother: K1a1b2)
|                      |K1a1c 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a1)
|                     |K1a2 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a2a 7500 B.C.E. Italy,cybrid cell line (Mother: K1a2)
|                       |K1a2a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a2a)
|                       |K1a2a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a2a)
|                      |K1a2b 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a2)
|                      |K1a2c 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a2)
|                     |K1a3 9500 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a3a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a3)
|                       |K1a3a1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a3a)
|                        |K1a3a1a 1500 (Mother: K1a3a1)
|                        |K1a3a1b 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1a3a1)
|                       |K1a3a2 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a3a)
|                       |K1a3a3 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a3a)
|                       |K1a3a4 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a3a)
|                     |K1a4 14000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a4a 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                       |K1a4a1 8000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1a4a)
|                        |K1a4a1a 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                         |K1a4a1a+T195C! 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1a)
|                          |K1a4a1a1 1000 (Mother: K1a4a1a+T195C!)
|                          |K1a4a1a3 (Mother: K1a4a1a+T195C!)
|                         |K1a4a1a2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1a)
|                          |K1a4a1a2a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1a2)
|                          |K1a4a1a2b 200 (Mother: K1a4a1a2)
|                        |K1a4a1b 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                         |K1a4a1b1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1b)
|                         |K1a4a1b2 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1b)
|                        |K1a4a1c 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                         |K1a4a1c1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1c)
|                        |K1a4a1d 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                        |K1a4a1e 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                        |K1a4a1f 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                         |K1a4a1f1 500 (Mother: K1a4a1f)
|                        |K1a4a1g 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                        |K1a4a1h 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                        |K1a4a1i 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4a1)
|                      |K1a4b 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                       |K1a4b1 1500 Asia (Mother: K1a4b)
|                      |K1a4c 8500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                       |K1a4c1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4c)
|                      |K1a4d 500 Germany (Mother: K1a4)
|                      |K1a4e 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                      |K1a4f 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                       |K1a4f1 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4f)
|                      |K1a4g 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                      |K1a4h 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                       |K1a4h1 (Mother: K1a4h)
|                      |K1a4i 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                      |K1a4+T146C! 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a4)
|                       |K1a4j (Mother: K1a4+T146C!)
|                        |K1a4j1 (Mother: K1a4j)
|                     |K1a5 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a5a 1500 (Mother: K1a5)
|                      |K1a5b 1500 (Mother: K1a5)
|                     |K1a6 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a7 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a8 6000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a8a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a8)
|                       |K1a8a1 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a8a)
|                      |K1a8b 700 Tunisia (Mother: K1a8)
|                     |K1a+T195C! 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a9 300 (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                      |K1a10 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                       |K1a10a 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a10)
|                      |K1a13 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                       |K1a13a 500 (Mother: K1a13)
|                      |K1a14 500 (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                      |K1a15 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                      |K1a16 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                      |K1a26  Italy (Mother: K1a+T195C!)
|                     |K1a+C150T 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a11 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a+C150T)
|                       |K1a11a 200 (Mother: K1a11)
|                        |K1a11a1 1500 (Mother: K1a11a)
|                       |K1a11b 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a11)
|                      |K1a24 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a+C150T)
|                       |K1a24a 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a24)
|                      |K1a30 (Mother: K1a+C150T)
|                       |K1a30a (Mother: K1a30)
|                      |K1a31 (Mother: K1a+C150T)
|                     |K1a12 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a12a 11000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a12)
|                       |K1a12a1 9500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a12a)
|                        |K1a12a1a 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a12a1)
|                     |K1a17 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a17a 7500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a17)
|                     |K1a18 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a19 13000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a19a 1500 (Mother: K1a19)
|                     |K1a23 14500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a25 7000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a27 10500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a28 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                     |K1a29 13500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1a)
|                      |K1a29a (Mother: K1a29)
|                    |K1b 19000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1)
|                     |K1b1 15000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b)
|                      |K1b1+(T16093C) 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1)
|                       |K1b1a 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1+(T16093C))
|                        |K1b1a1 6500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1a)
|                         |K1b1a1+T199C 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1a1)
|                          |K1b1a1a 400 (Mother: K1b1a1+T199C)
|                          |K1b1a1b (Mother: K1b1a1+T199C)
|                         |K1b1a1c 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1a1)
|                          |K1b1a1c1 1500 America, Caucasia (Mother: K1b1a1c)
|                         |K1b1a1d 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1a1)
|                          |K1b1a1d1 (Mother: K1b1a1d)
|                        |K1b1a2 1500 (Mother: K1b1a)
|                       |K1b1b 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1+(T16093C))
|                        |K1b1b1 3000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1b1b)
|                      |K1b1c 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b1)
|                     |K1b2 9000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b)
|                      |K1b2a 4000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2)
|                       |K1b2a1 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2a)
|                        |K1b2a1a 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2a1)
|                         |K1b2a1a1 100 (Mother: K1b2a1a)
|                       |K1b2a2 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2a)
|                        |K1b2a2a 500 B.C.E. Sweden (Mother: K1b2a2)
|                       |K1b2a3 1000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2a)
|                      |K1b2b 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2)
|                       |K1b2b1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1b2b)
|                    |K1c 12000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1)
|                     |K1c1 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c)
|                      |K1c1a 500 B.C.E. Italy (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1b 1000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1c 500 (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1d 400 (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1e 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1f 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1g 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1h 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c1)
|                      |K1c1i 500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c1)
|                     |K1c2 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c)
|                      |K1c2a 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1c2)
|                    |K1+T16362C 17000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1)
|                     |K1d 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: K1+T16362C)
|                      |K1d1 800 (Mother: K1d)
|                     |K1e 8000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1+T16362C)
|                      |K1e1 2000 B.C.E. (Mother: K1e)
|                     |K1f  Tyrolean Iceman (Mother: K1+T16362C)
|                   |K2 19500 B.C.E. (Mother: K)
|                    |K2a 7500 B.C.E. European (Mother: K2)
|                     |K2a1 1500 (Mother: K2a)
|                      |K2a1a (Mother: K2a1)
|                     |K2a2 6000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K2a)
|                      |K2a2a 200 (Mother: K2a2)
|                       |K2a2a1 1500 (Mother: K2a2a)
|                     |K2a3 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2a)
|                      |K2a3a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K2a3)
|                       |K2a3a1 2000 B.C.E. European (Mother: K2a3a)
|                     |K2a4 1500 B.C.E. European (Mother: K2a)
|                     |K2a5 4500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2a)
|                      |K2a5a 2500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2a5)
|                       |K2a5a1 300 England (Mother: K2a5a)
|                      |K2a5b 1000 B.C.E. India (Mother: K2a5)
|                     |K2a6 100 European (Mother: K2a)
|                     |K2a7 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K2a)
|                     |K2a8 500 Hispanic (Mother: K2a)
|                     |K2a9 1000 B.C.E. Europe (Mother: K2a)
|                     |K2a10 100 (Mother: K2a)
|                     |K2a11 1500 England (Mother: K2a)
|                    |K2b 12500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2)
|                     |K2b1 5000 B.C.E. (Mother: K2b)
|                      |K2b1a 3000 B.C.E. (Mother: K2b1)
|                       |K2b1a1 1500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2b1a)
|                        |K2b1a1a 1500 England (Mother: K2b1a1)
|                       |K2b1a2 500 (Mother: K2b1a)
|                       |K2b1a3 500 (Mother: K2b1a)
|                       |K2b1a4 1500 (Mother: K2b1a)
|                      |K2b1b 1500 (Mother: K2b1)
|                     |K2b2 3500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2b)
|                    |K2c 16500 B.C.E. (Mother: K2)
|                   |K3 1500 (Mother: K)
|                 |U8c (Mother: U8b'c)