HomeMarie Gertrude Moral 1658 - 1736Tree

A Settlement of New France

Sex: Female.
Birth: 22 Mar 1658 in Trois Rivieres, Canada
Death: 28 Aug 1736 in St-Francois-du-Lac, Canada

Family: Husband: Jacques Joyelle 1642 - .
Children: Gertrude Joyelle 1681 - 1732. Jean Joyelle 1683 - . Marie-Joseph Joyelle 1690 - . Francois Joyelle 1691 - 1761. Joseph Joyelle 1694 - . Antoine Joyelle 1696 - .
Marriage: 10 Nov 1676 Trois Rivieres, Canada.

Parents: Husband: Quentin Moral 1622 - 1686. Wife: Marie Marguerie 1620* - 1700.

Marie Gertrude Moral was 18 when she married Jacques Jouiel on 10 November 1676 at Trois-Rivieres. It is speculated that Marie's mother, Marie Marguerie, had objected to the union, possibly believing her daughter was marrying beneath her station to a man who was interested in her potential wealth. In the marriage contract of 2 November it was recorded that the husband brought 1500 livres to the marriage, while the bride brought 600 livres (the dowry from her father), and the title of Lady, which she inherited from her mother. The contract was witnessed by several relatives and friends: Louis Godefroy, attorney of the King at Trois-Rivieres, and one of the co-founders of the place together with Marie's first husband, Jacques Hertel; Etienne de Tonnancourt; Jacques de Labadie, Sergeant of the garrison of Trois-Rivieres; Joseph Petit; and Jean Crevier, Jacques' future brother-in-law, and Seur of Francois-du-Lac.

Jacques Jouiel was born around 1640 in Perigord, Dordogne, France (the place gave its name to a Paleolithic cultural phase - the Perigordian - which is a remote connection to the mtdna roots of his wife). His father was Etienne Joyel, master gunsmith, and his mother Suzanne Massau, from nearby Bergerac.

Jacques learned his father's trade and arrived in New France in 1656 as a servant to the Jesuits. He settled in Trois-Rivieres, becoming the settlement's unofficial gunsmith, as well as producing metal tools for the settlers and accompanying the Jesuit priests on their missionary expeditions into the interior. He evidently learned several Indian languages in the process. On 16 October 1658 he signed a contract in Quebec with Antoine Boesme, master gunsmith, to serve as his apprentice for a year. Jacques would be provided with sustenance, lodging, and the necessary tools; in return he received a third of the profits. He was however free to depart on expeditions whenever the Jesuit father Lemoyne would require his services.

In June 1659, his apprenticeship completed, Jacques worked briefly in Batiscan as a blacksmith, then began working at the iron works being established at St. Maurice. His fellow blacksmiths included several men who's descendants would marry into the lineages of Marie Marguerie: Jerome Langlois, Jean Badeau, and Jacques Menard. By the census of 1666 Jacques was back in Trois-Rivieres, smithing but also trying his hand in the lucrative fur trade.

In 1671 the trade had taken him west. He is listed as attending the ceremony held with twenty Indian nations at Sault-Ste-Marie whereby the King of France took possession of the western territories. By the time of his marriage, Jacque had indeed amassed a considerable fortune.

Having married into one of the leading pioneer families of the colony, Jacques could now purchase land and obtain his own seignuery. On 27 December 27 1673 Jacques bought the seigneurship Tonnancourt, a tract valued at 2 arpents and of 50 acres on the St. Lawrence River, bordering that of his father-in-law Quentin Moral on the southwest. For whatever reasons, within a few years, Jacques wished to move away from his father-in-law Moral in Trois-Rivieres and move near his brother-in-law in St-Francois-du-Lac. Jacques made an abortive attempt to sell this tract in 1676 to another brother-in-law, Antoine Dubois. However Dubois could not raise the cash and returned it to Jacques on 18 August 1677.

In a series of complex (and partly illegible) land deals between his father-in-law, Quentin Moral, and his brothers-in-law ,Jacques bought and sold land in the area and moved the family to St-Francois-du-Lac sometime between 1683 and 1685. This began with a transaction on 5 September 1680 between Jacques and his brother-in-law Joseph Petit. Twelve days later Antoine Dubois made a kind of will, pledging any land he might own and all of his belongings to his father-in-law Quentin Moral in the event of his death. This was evidently some kind of surety to allow the transfer of Jacques' land adjacent to Moral to go through after all. On the same day Jacques rented his blacksmith equipment to an Urbain Beaudry. On 23 March 1681, Quentin Moral, acting as attorney for Jacques, sued Joseph Petit for payment of 144 livres due from the transaction of the previous September. Finally, on 23 March 1683, Jacques leased for one year, to another brother-in-law, Pierre Forcier, "All the workable lands belonging to him in the Lordship St. Francois". Evidently he already had property there but was not yet ready to move onto it.

By 1685, as attested in a deed involving sale of land below Platon, Jacques and his family were settled in at St-Francois-du-Lac with his brother-in-law Jean Crevier. In 1690 his daughter Josephette was baptized there. The baptisms of his children in 1694 and 1696 had to be conducted in Sorel since the church in St-Francois was destroyed in a raid by the Iroquois during which Jean Crevier was captured. He was tortured, ransomed, but died of his wounds. On the 4 July 1698, Jacques' sons Jacques and Jean were granted some land in St Francois-du-Lac by their uncle's son. The Joyel family became well established there. Jacques died at the age of 76 on 26 March 1716. Marie Gertrude Moral du St. Quentin survived him by twenty years, dying at age 78 at St Francois du Lac on 28 August 1736.

mtdna Haplogroup W
HVR1: 16209C 16223T 16255A 16292T 16519C
HVR2: 73G 119C 189G 195C 204C 207A 263G 309.1C 315.1C

Change: 1 Jan 2007 Time: 11:41:21.