Christian and Muslim Kingdoms of Spain


Cid's Spain
© Mark Wade

Viziers of note:

(Sahla Banu Razin - based on the name of the original rulers. Also called Santa Maria de Oriente).

Algeciras (Al Djazira al hadra)

Almeria (Al-Mariyya)

Alpuente ( Al-Sahla)


Arcos de la Frontera

Badajos (Batalyaws)


. Although technically not a kingdom, the Counts of Barcelona extended their influence until by the reign of Berenguer Ramon II they were defacto rulers of the area.


Ruled by unknown Arab clan.

Carmona (Karmuna)


Ceuta (Sabta)

Ruled by the Berberised Banu Hammudi princes - descendents of the Prophet.

Cordoba (Qurtuba)

Cordoba was the seat of the last vestige of the Umayyad Caliphate before being replaced in 1031 by a republican government under leadership of the Andalusian Arab Banu Jahwar clan.

Denia (Daniyya)

A Freed Slave kingdom that included Denia on the mainland and the Balearic Islands.

Granada (Gharnata)

Heulva (Walba)

Banu Bahris. Yahsub Andalusian Arabs.

Jaen (Djayyan)

Annexed by Seville in 1074.


- Kings of Leon


Ruled by the Banu Hud.

Malaga (Malaka)

Ruled by the Berberised Banu Hammudi princes - descendents of the Prophet . Initially included Malaga, Tanger, Ceuta and Ronda, and Algeciras. Algeciras became independent sometime in the reign of Mohamed I.


- including all the Balearic Islands.


Berber rulers until annexed by Seville in 1044.

Moron (Mawrur)

Murcia (Mursiyya)

Freed slaves, then Andalusian Arab rulers.


House of Jimenez (905-1234)

Niebla (Labla)

Andalusian Arab rulers

Ronda (Runda)


Annexed by Seville in 1051.

Santa Maria de Algarve

Andalusian Arab rulers.

Seville (Ishbiliya)

Silves (Cheilb)

Andalusian Arab Banu Mozzain.

Toledo (Tulaytula)

Ruled by Banu Dhi-I-Nun, Andalusian Berbers of the Hawwara tribe.

Tortosa (Turtusha)

Freed slave rulers

Tudela (Tutila)

Arab Banu rulers. .

Valencia (Balansiyya)

Zaragoza (Sarakusta)

Almoravids (al-the Almoravides) 1086 - 1147

Islamic fundamentalists who would conquer all of Muslim Spain and gain back some Christian territory as well. The most likely origin of the name al-the Almoravides is "band of fighters" based on a line in the Quran. An alternative meaning is "dwellers in a ribat (fortress monastery)". They were also called al-Mulathimun ("the veiled ones") due to their habit of wearing veils that only left their eyes visible.

Texts via the Gutenberg Project
Commentary © Mark Wade, 2006.
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